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Universal Vortical Singularity enlightenment on cosmic evolution of stars and galaxies

Based on the UVS model, all galaxies with their star systems and planetary systems, are undulated by their spheroidal unisonal vortices that perpetually impel them in their closed systems.
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All physical existences are weaved in vortical motion; nothing physical in nature is not vortical. - UVS inspired -



Star HL Tau


Galaxy M81

CMBR dipole

Galaxy cluster

Galaxy group

Globular cluster

Stellar black hole

Hourglass Nebula

Subatomic particles

The celestial mechanism of a unisonal vortical system from cosmic level to planetary level in the macrocosms is generally illustrated in this topic, and it mainly elaborates on the vortical evolution of stars and galaxies, as well as the vortical evolution of elementary, subatomic and atomic particles, and how these particles are vortically scattered by their resonated celestial objects in the cosmic evolution.

Note: This is a UVS worldview for cosmic evolution (in physical cosmology aspect) of stars and galaxies, it is an alternative hypothesis for cosmic evolution that was inspired with the UVS model on its explication for its aether-based concepts, and in the discipline of epistemology with its empiricism, it seeks to elucidate on the actualities of the empirically observed natural phenomena with its perceived structure of the observable universe. With its grounded theory method for systematic synthesis, UVS collectively explicates with loads of empirical evidence to cogently elaborate on how a galaxy and their star systems with planetary systems work unisonally as a single system.

See a UVS topic on "Overviews of UVS" that elaborates on the methodology for conducting qualitative evaluation of natural phenomena based on the UVS model.


Heliosphere

Based on the UVS model, the heliosphere that encapsulates the Sun is undulated by its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex; the vortical motion of its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex coalesced molecular clouds of stellar material to vortically form the Solar System and render the heliosphere as it now is.

From the UVS perspective, heliosphere is vortically formed by the vortical motion of solar wind pushing out vortically against the pushing in interstellar medium that is vortically consolidated by its galactic vortex. The solar wind vortically generates the heliosphere that encapsulates the Solar System, and this can be perceived as a plasmatic bubble manifested in the interstellar medium that vortically encapsulates all Solar System objects.


Heliosphere

UVS predicates that heliosphere is undulated by its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex of the Solar System and it is vortically impelled by its galactic vortex.

In a vortical resonating process after the molecular clouds of interstellar materials were vortically coalesced in the vortex center by vortical culmination, it generates a nested spheroidal unisonal vortex with negative pressure that counteracts with the vortically pushing-in insterstellar medium. This vortically impels the Sun to spin in the invariable plane and subsequently consolidate it to fire up as a vortically lit up star with the magnetohydrodynamics dynamo effect of photosphere; this vortical culmination process coalesces interstellar materials to form as the Sun with its satellites as the Solar System.

In the UVS worldview, the vortical consolidating interactions of interstellar materials in a star, drive the process of stellar nucleosynthesis by vortical spin fusion with resonated aether vortical motion, and this can comprehensive explain the assembly of chemical elements in the core of a star.

UVS predicates that stellar nucleosynthesis can be caused by vortical spin fusion to assemble chemical elements with nuclear reactions occurring in the cores of stars.

See UVS subtopics on "The phenomenon of solar wind" that elaborates how the heliosphere was vortically generated, "Nucleosynthesis in the universe" that illustrates the Russell periodic chart, periodic table in spiral format and nucleosynthesis demonstrated with Zome. See also an externally linked topic on "Heliospheric current sheet".


A star is vortically formed within a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy

This is an awesome image of a newly formed star HL Tau within Milky Way. It is still at infancy stage of a star birth with a protoplanet HL Tau b (small circular bright image at slightly after one o'clock position) in the process of forming as a gaseous planet.

This image is based on data captured by radio telescopes, is a protoplanetary disk with a view from a polar region showing spiral arms of the evolving star HL Tau that appears to be driving a protoplanet HL Tau b to form in the accretion disc with a "womb of gas". Prior to this simulated image there were only artist’s impressions available for protoplanetary disc in showing the accretion disk with spiral arms.

This simulated image based on empirical observation, is a qualitative proof that a star is formed by vortical consolidation of stellar materials in a vortical "womb of gas" that vortically revolves the Galactic Center.

The protoplanet HL Tau b is also direct evident that revolving planets (after clearing the neighbourhood) are consolidation of planetesimals in satellite vortices spiraling around the star within its localized vortex system.

Note: The formation of planetesimals is the biggest unsolved problem in the nebular hypothesis.

Evidently, this image of the protoplanet HL Tau b shows the origin of vortical force dynamics for planets to revolve and rotate around its star on its invariable plane in perpetual motion.

From another observation for HL Tau as shown in the thumbnail image, it distinctly demonstrated vortex dynamics of nested vortex rings and vortical spoke lines.


The HL Tau

In the UVS worldview, this asserts the origin of planetary gravity is an spheroidal pushed-in inertial force as a result of compression in a vortical consolidation process; an effect of potential density in volumetric pressure that repels viscous matter electrostatically and mechanically inside nested spheroids of nature.

UVS predicates that a new star is evolved by vortically coalesced stellar clouds formed in a nested bipolar stellar vortex pair. With credits to Allen Barrow.

An embryonic planet takes shape around the star HL Tau in an image from a computer simulation. The newfound protoplanet HL Tau b, which was discovered inside a distant "womb of gas" using radio telescopes, is believed to be only a few hundred years old.

This is a basis for Solar System alignment effect that could trigger unisonal vortex to spawn in viscous matter of a Solar System object through a manifested torque-free precession caused by focused precession effects from other Solar System objects.

In the UVS worldview, this is also an indirect evidence on the presence of fundamental substance that is encapsulated in larger nested spheroids of nature. In vortical interactions these cause vortical consolidation of a viscous matter medium that encompasses the star as "womb of gas". And the revolving protoplanet rotating in a nested satellite vortex pair, is vortically formed in a plane of flattened nested plasmatic polar vortex pair of its parent star.

UVS predicates that protoplanet is formed in vortically scattered interstellar clouds in a nested satellite vortex pair on a plane of flattened nested plasmatic polar vortex pair of its parent star.

See an externally linked topics on "Never-Before-Seen Stage of Planet Birth Revealed" that reports a newborn star with detailed glimpse of planets forming around it.

Solar system formed from gigantic whirlpool within a universal fluid - eddies in flow produced planets - Rene Descartes (1644)

Note: The concept of cosmic evolution through a vortical system in the UVS worldview was developed without prior knowledge to Rene Descartes and his "Theory of Vortices", it has been wonderful to know later that a similar vortical concept of Solar System evolution was studied in-depth in the past. This Cartesian cosmology based on a vortex model has been forsaken for more than two centuries was once championed in France for nearly one hundred years in the later part of the seventeenth century. Modern technology for astronomy observation is only beginning to uncover the phenomena of a star system and their planetary systems evolution in the exact manners as with the qualitatively prediction made above by this long forgotten great thinker of the late Renaissance period.

For disambiguation, the standard terminologies for star system, be it a binary star system , or a small number of stars which orbit each other, should be changed to star cluster system, planetary system should be changed to star system, and planet-moon system should be changed to planetary system. Thus, the Solar System should be considered as a star system instead of a planetary system, or a stellar system that Sun with its planets, their moons, and all other stuff that are encapsulated within the heliosphere. However, the standard terminologies were used throughout in the UVS topics.


A galaxy is vortically formed within a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy cluster

Based on the UVS model, a satellite galaxy is undulated by its satellite galactic vortex to form its vortical collection of stars, and the satellite galactic vortex is impelled by its host galactic vortex that undulates the galaxy.

The Whirlpool galaxy (image on right) with spiral arms that is driving a distinct satellite galaxy has a similar nested structure. These is a direct evidence of a vortical universe with undulating fractals of unisonal vortices that vortically weave stellar and galactic structures with viscous matter medium in their vortical systems.

The cognitive paradox that renders satellite galaxy as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus resolved with its underlying mechanism illustrated. With the observation delusion elucidated and its cognitive paradox resolved, the fact that a satellie galaxy is associated with its host galaxy, is a strong evidence that a satellite galaxy is induced by the satellite galactic vortex of its host galactic vortex.

UVS predicates that satellite galaxy is induced by satellite galactic vortex of a main galactic vortex.


Whirlpool galaxy NGC 5194 with its smaller
companion, satellite galaxy NGC 5195.

Local physical laws are determined by the large-scale structure of the universe. - Mach's principle

In the UVS worldview, on higher vortical orders of its vortical paradigm at macro levels of a vortical universe, its universal vortical systems unisonally consolidate galaxy clusters, galaxy superclusters and the ever larger vortical structures beyond. On lower vortical orders at micro levels there are vortically weaved atoms, subatomic particles and the ever smaller vortical structures within. The UVS model can universally unite the mechanism of the largest structures with the mechanism of the smallest structures in the observable universe.

See an externally linked topic on "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe", this is a scientific observation for the existence of a Cosmic Spheroid that vortically spawn stars and then coalesced them as a cluster of galaxies. It also demonstrates that information within a very huge vortical structure can be communicated at superluminal speed.

From the UVS perspective, a nested Cosmic Spheroid that encapsulates an energetic blob of gas, is an active plasmasphere that would vortically spawn stars in their galaxies within a galaxy cluster. The Cosmic Spheroids with their galaxy clusters are vortically coalesced as a supercluster of galaxy clusters, and this supercluster levitates on its supervoid, which vortically impels the supercluster to spawn stars and coalesce them in a grand vortical system.

See a UVS subtopic on "Nested spheroids of nature" that illustrates various types of nested spheroidal unisonal vortices.


The dipole anisotropy pattern of cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR)

"Our Earth is not at rest. The Earth moves around the Sun. The Sun orbits the center of the Milky Way Galaxy. The Milky Way Galaxy orbits in the Local Group of Galaxies. The Local Group falls toward the Virgo Cluster of Galaxies. But these speeds are less than the speed that all of these objects together move relative to the cosmic microwave background (CMBR). In the all-sky map on right, radiation in the Earth's direction of motion appears blueshifted and hence hotter, while radiation on the opposite side of the sky is redshifted and colder. The map indicates that the Local Group moves at about 600 kilometers per second relative to this primordial radiation. This high speed was initially unexpected and its magnitude is still unexplained. Why are we moving so fast? What is out there?" - Excerpt from Astronomy Picture of the Day on COBE temperature map of the CMBR dipole, NASA.

From the UVS perspective, the dipole anisotropy pattern of cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) in false color temperature map as measured by the COBE mission, is a scientific evidence that the observable universe is precessing in a vortical motion with self-perpetual motion.

Based on the UVS model, the dipole anisotropy pattern of cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) is precessing in its self-perpetuating vortical motion with its undulating spheroidal unisonal vortex.


COBE temperature map of the CMBR dipole.

The vortical properties from this spheroidal unisonal vortex with the CMBR dipole, amplified or truncated at all vortical levels in all physical manifestations, in unison are vortically transferred to all other resonated macrocosms and microcosms in the observable universe.

See UVS topics on "The dipole anisotropy pattern of CMBR", and "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that illustrates on how vortical motion of the universe begets everything in its wake.

It is the theory that decides what can be observed. - Albert Einstein


Vortical gravitational singularity

Note: A vortical gravitational singularity is a conceptualized object conceived in the UVS worldview based on the UVS model.

Based on the UVS model, the virtual barycenter of a star system with their planetary systems is a vortically manifested vortical gravitational singularity of the star cluster system. Its manifested stellar black hole strongly interacts vortically with the vortically manifested dual-core supermassive black hole of its galaxy, and weakly interacts with the vortical gravitational singularities of all other star systems in the same galaxy to collectively manifest the vortical gravitational singularity of their galaxy, which vortically displaces the luminiferous aetheric corpuscles to form the supermassive black hole, and vortically transforms the aether density around it.

Image on right is an artist impression of the Milky Way galaxy, with a blue halo (around 200 kly across) of transformed dark matter illustrated to be encapsulating it.

UVS predicates that the gravitational singularity of a supermassive black hole is collectively manifested with the vortical gravitational singularities of all planetary systems in the galaxy.


Milky Way galaxy


A supermassive black hole is vortically manifested by the vortical gravitational singularity of its galaxy, which strongly interacts vortically with the vortically manifested vortical gravitational singularity of its local galaxy group, and weakly interacts with the vortical gravitational singularities of all other galaxies in the same local galaxy group to collectively manifest the vortical gravitational singularity of their local galaxy group. The vortical gravitational singularity of the local galaxy group vortically transforms the aether density around it.

Image on right is the Cartwheel Galaxy group, was optically traced to have a nested spheroidal structure (around 600 kly across) surrounding the galaxy group.

UVS predicates that local galaxy group with tens of galaxies are vortically held by a sub-satellite cosmic vortex and it vortically revolves around a center of mass.


Cartwheel galaxy group


The vortical gravitational singularity of a local galaxy group, which strongly interacts vortically with the vortically manifested vortical gravitational singularity of its galaxy cluster, and weakly interacts with the vortical gravitational singularities of all other local galaxy groups in the same galaxy cluster to collectively manifest the vortical gravitational singularity of their galaxy cluster. The vortical gravitational singularity of the galaxy cluster vortically transforms the aether density around it.

Image on right is the galaxy cluster CL0024+17, which is around 5 mly across, empirically observed with rings of dark matter surrounding it.

UVS predicates that galaxy clusters with thousands of galaxies are vortically held by a satellite cosmic vortex to vortically revolve around a center of mass.


Galaxy cluster ~ 5 mly


The vortical gravitational singularity of a galaxy cluster, which strongly interacts vortically with the vortically manifested vortical gravitational singularity of its supercluster, and weakly interacts with the vortical gravitational singularities of all other galaxy clusters in the same supercluster to collectively manifest the vortical gravitational singularity of their supercluster. The vortical gravitational singularity of the supercluster vortically transforms the aether density around it.

Image on right is the supercluster Abell 901/902, which is around 100 mly across, empirically observed with blobs of dark matter encapsulating galaxy clusters.

UVS predicates that a supercluster with hundreds of galaxy clusters is vortically held by a cosmic vortex and it vortically revolves around a center of mass.


Supercluster ~ 100 mly

The structure of the observable universe is a nested spheroidal vortical formation
in a paradigm of torus-shaped spheroidal unisonal vortices
- UVS inspired -

See UVS subtopics on "Space-time gravitational singularity" that elaborate the distinction for vortical gravitational singularity, "Fathoming the dark matter and dark energy" that elaborates on the observed transformation of aether density, and "Scientific evidence and proofs for aether does physically exist".

See an external linked topic on "The gravitational vorticle singularity" that elaborates this phenomenon with its complex mechanics.


Vortical evolution of elementary, subatomic and atomic particles

From the UVS perspective, the process of star births for a galaxy such as the Bode's galaxy M81, is impelled by the vortical motion of those spiral arms with interstellar clouds. The vortical motion of viscous matter in the galactic vortex, could form spiral interstellar clouds with collection of evaporated interstellar materials drawn from its vortically consolidated galactic spheroid, which is filled with vortically coalesced elementary particles.

As a metaphor, this is similar to the molecules of water vapor that have vortically coalesced as cloud, is drawn by an atmospheric vortex with the vortical motion in the nested atmosphere, and this shapes the vortically coalesced visible gaseous water vapor as a visible tropical cyclone that suspends on the surface of an atmospheric layer of the Earth.


Bode's galaxy M81


A tropical cyclone

See UVS topics on "The structure of atom" that elaborates on vortical phenomena in the microcosms, "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on vortical evolution in natural phenomena from the macrocosms to the microcosms based on UVS model, "The unisonal vortex mechanism" that elaborates on naturally occurred free vortex, "The structure of a galaxy" and "The vortical universe model of UVS" for further elucidation. See also externally linked topics on "Cosmology" and "Celestial mechanics".

From the UVS perspective, elementary particles are vortically coalesced and evolved in the resonated aether vortical motion of the universe, and then vortically consolidate as matters in the all-pervasive field by the vortical gravitational singularities of planetary system, star system, galaxy, galaxy cluster, supercluster, and so forth within their largest nested spheroidal structure in a closed system.

In the UVS worldview, light could not escape the gravitational force of a black hole, infers the carriers of light wave have the property of mass, and they could be interacted.

Although light wave propagating in the corpuscles of light (the quantas of luminiferous aether) is weightless like sound wave, these corpuscles of light after having entered the event horizon are pushed-in toward the black hole faster than light wave could propagate out, hence light could not escape the black hole.

See UVS subtopics on "An all-pervasive inviscid medium that pervades the observable universe", and "Scientific evidence and proofs for aether does physically exist" that elaborate on the qualitative proof for the existence of an all-pervasive universal medium as postulated in the UVS worldview.

Based on the UVS model, vortical gravitation singularity of its galaxy is impelled by its galactic spheroidal unisonal vortex that precess in its two-axis spin. Its consoldiating vortical motion on the gravitation singularity of the galaxy will almost isotropically radiate charged particles by reactive centrifugal force with its manifested vortrices.

And similar to the energetic Sun would radiate charged particles of proton and electron as solar wind, the energetic gravitational singularity of a galaxy could radiate charged particles of vortically coalesced quark, lepton, proton, electron, and hydrogen as galactic wind that intrinsically have superluminal motion. Like how the solar wind vortically fills up the heliosphere of the Sun, the galactic wind vortically fills up the galactic spheroid of its galaxy.

UVS predicates that galactic winds with charged particles are vortically spun out by the vortical gravitational singularity of its galaxy with reactive centrifugal force.

See UVS subtopics on "Vortical elementary and subatomic particles" and "Nucleosynthesis in the universe" that elaborate on how elementary particles and chemical elements could be manifested with the vortical spin fusion of aether vortical motion.

See an externally linked report on "Supermassive black holes emit incredible amounts of hydrogen gas at astounding rates" that elaborates on supermassive black holes were observed to be emitting cold gases into the interstellar space of their galaxies, and "Cosmic rays" that elaborates on immensely high-energy radiations from outside the Solar System.

The empirically observed emission of hydrogen atoms from supermassive black holes, is a strong evidence for hydrogen atoms are colaeseced by the vortical spin fusion of the supermassive blackholes, and these cold hydrogen atoms are vortically radiated in the galactic winds of their supermassive blackholes.

Paradoxically, the local physical laws that govern the microcosms,
are determined by the macrocosms of the universe.
- UVS inspired -

In the UVS worldview of a vortical universe, all the vortically evolved elementary particles as all types of quark and lepton, in their substantial vortical spin fusion subjected to the harmonics of a significant aether vortical motion, such as by the vortical spin fusion in the vortical gravitational singularity of a galaxy cluster, or the supercluster, these elementary particles could then vortically coalesced as protons and electrons. These protons vortically bond with electrons in their vortical spin fusion would coalesce as the hydrogen atoms, thus creating the lightest atomic element of all.

In the very intensified vortical column (aka supermassive black hole) with active galactic nucleus that is precessing in a resonated galactic vortex of aether, it renders high pressure vortical spin fusion in varying harmonics of vortical momentum culminated in the vortical column of the very intensified galactic vortex, and thus the hydrogen atoms could vortically undergo nucleosynthesis to form all types of heavier chemical element as they possibly could.

With reactive centrifugal force and extreme speed generated by the vortical motion, these chemical elements energetically expand into their lighter density energetic forms, they thus could get vortically ejected from the high density vortex column of the galactic vortex after overcoming the escape velocity, and then are vortically scattered out around the galactic plane as giant molecular clouds of interstellar materials; vortical spin fission. These chemical elements while gradually consolidate and cool down in the galactic spiral arms, would then begin all sorts of chemical reactions with covalent bond to vortically fuse as all sorts of simple and complex chemical compounds. The molecules for each type of chemical compound that are clumped by cohesion, are being vortically and spheroidally consolidated with centripetal acceleration of aether, and they therefore have the potential energy for changing to different states of matter, which are Bose-Einstein condensate, plasma, gas, liquid or solid with different density, viscosity and characteristic.

UVS predicates that chemical elements are created by the vortical spin fusion of aether vortical motion.

See externally linked topics on "How black holes both consume and eject material", and "The warm–hot intergalactic medium (WHIM)" that elaborates on the existence of atoms and molecules in spaces between galaxies. See also a simulation on "Star being shredded by a massive black hole".

All matters in the universe are impelled by aether vortical motion
to maintain integrity for their resonated structural forms, and they are
coalesced by the vortical spin fusion of aether with repulsion effect.
- UVS inspired -

Based on the UVS model, a galactic vortex can generate satellite vortices with higher spinning speed, and its magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) dynamo effect of aether vortical motion can cause stars to evolve by the vortical consolidation of interstellar clouds, and ignite to glow by MHD in a resonated harmonic of vortical gravitational singularity with its primary two-axis spin. Note: A MHD dynamo has three requirements - a conducting viscous matter, rotation, and convection.

UVS predicates that star is vortically ignited to glow by the dynamo effect of magnetohydrodynamics in a resonated harmonic of vortical gravitational singularity.

In a freely suspended state, the resonated interstellar materials are vortically consolidated as spinning mass of glowing plasma within a nested spheroidal unisonal vortex; a newly spawned planetary system is vortically fused by vortical motion acting on spheroidally resonated interstellar clouds that spiral in the galactic vortex. Impelled by swirling motion of the galactic vortex, the vortically evolved star and planetary systems coalesced with interstellar materials, are vortically consolidated as a glowing galaxy with satellite galaxies.


The vortically spawned protostar

Based on the UVS model, a protostar is vortically impelled by its stellar spheroidal unisonal vortex, which manifested a nested polar vortex pair within to consolidate stellar materials in its vortically rendered vortrex pair; a protostar is spawned with the vortical consolidation of stellar clouds in its stellar spheroidal vortex.

UVS predicates that protostar is vortically spawned with consoliated stellar clouds resonanted in its spheroidal unisonal vortex.

From the UVS perspective, stellar jets (image at far right in reddish glow) of a protostar are rendered by consolidate charged atomic particles in plasma state that have vortically collected around a thin vortex column of a nested polar vortex pair of the protostar, and is ionized electrically in the encapsulation to glow at a specific wavelength with vortical motion.

The nested polar vortex pair was formed in the stellar spheroidal unisonal vortex, and it drives a pushed-out and folded back vortrex pair that has formed in between the nested polar vortex pair, and the charged particles were vortically pushed up in their nested vortrex pair to envelope the outer wall of the polar vortex columns to glow as a pair of reddish jets.


Protoplanetary disk HH-30
in constellation of Taurus
with its stellar jets (red)

Note: Stellar jets, or accretion disc jets, is one of the unsolved problems in physics.

See an externally linked topic on "Space tornado" that evidently illustrates the vortical dynamics of a stellar jet observed with NASA's Spitzer infrared telescope.

UVS predicates that stellar jet is vortically formed in a polar vortex column with an ionized jet of gas stream vortically culminated in its spheroidal unisonal vortex. With credit to Anna Lorrina Mitchell.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the protoplanetary disk (upper image at right in greenish glow) of its protostar is driven by a nested polar vortrex pair, and it is formed by reverse pushing-out vortical motion. The pair of nested vortrexes are impelled by the nested pair of polar vortices, and the vortical momentum can levitate the swirling plasmatic interstellar materials in its pair of folded back nested vortrexes.

See UVS topics on "Dust tail of comet" and "Dust devil" that illustrate vortical dynamics of atmospheric vortex that are similar to the protoplanetary disk.

UVS predicates that protoplanetary disk is a vortrex with glowing plasma and it is impelled by the vortical column of its protostar.

Aether vortical motion with the vitality of consolidating centripetal motion renders
the orders for any physical existence, and its manifested vortrex with conserved energy
in distributing centrifugal motion, renders the chaos for it to evolve.
- UVS inspired -


The vortical motion of Sun

Based on the UVS model, a star is impelled by its galactic vortex to vortically form with coalesced stellar materials in a nested bipolar stellar vortex pair manifested in its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

In the UVS worldview, as can be empirically observed, the Sun rotates in counter-clockwise direction (referencing to Earth's north pole as top in the view) was formed and impelled in the vortical furrow of a spiral stellar arm in a clockwise rotating Milky Way that it vortically revolves around; the motion of Sun in its galaxy is impelled by an anticyclone of the galactic vortex .

Note: The Orion Arm is a minor spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy, the Solar System and Earth are within the Orion Arm.

As a matter of fact, the Sun has been empirically observed to be spiraling around the Galactic Center of Milky Way in the inertial reference frame of Galactic Center, it is also a fact that the Sun in the invariable plane is also oscillating in a center of mass with precession cycles, which are caused by the exchanging of angular momentum with each and every of its satellites that vortically rotates and revolves around a moving Sun; Sun while revolving around the Galactic Center is propagating in a composite spiral path.

See a UVS subtopic on "The UVS atomic model with a nested dual-core electron shell" that elaborates on the underlying structure of the Solar System in a comparative analysis for more insights.


Structure of the Milky Way - The position
of Sun is indicated by the yellow dot.

The Solar System is a macroscopic scale atom of its galactic scale molecule. - UVS inspired -

The cognitive paradox that renders the misconception for the motion of the Sun, was thus meticulously resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism illustrated.

UVS predicates that Sun is impelled by its galactic vortex to rotate and revolve around the Galactic Center in a perpetual vortical motion.

As a matter of fact, star was empirically observed to be vortically formed by coalescing stellar materials in its stellar vortex, also the Solar System has been empirically observed to be encapsulated by the heliosphere, and Sun is merely a typical star, which infers a typical star is also encapsulated by its heliosphere. It is also qualitatively proven in the UVS worldview that the Sun is being impelled by its galactic vortex to rotate and revolve around the Galactic Center, and indubitably the orbits of planets are vortical motions. These collaboratively are the qualitative proof for star is impelled by its galactic vortex to vortically form in its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

UVS qualitatively predicts that star is impelled by its galactic vortex to vortically form with coalesced stellar materials in a nested bipolar stellar vortex pair manifested in its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex.

See an externally linked topic on "The Universal Helicola" that presents an impeccable illustration for spiral motion of Earth's path in space on page 269 in figure 13.1, it was elaborated qualitatively, analytically and quantitatively.

From the UVS perspective, the tiny black circle in the center show with this image of the HL Tau planetary system, is the vortex eye of the HL Tau planetary system's stellar vortex.

See a UVS subtopic on "BOTSS" that elaborates on the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System.

The bigger red circle around the smaller black circle is where culmination of the vortical momentum had supposedly occurred on a lower altitude of the star with higher density viscous matter, rotating at highest velocity most vigorously in a smallest diameter in the densest section of the polar vortex column. The culmination process vortically generating extreme conditions of highest temperature, strongest magnetic field storm and most vigorous reaction of vortical spin fusion in the extremely consolidated nested plasmatic layers of viscous matter.

In the consolidation process, the vortex columns of the primordial Solar System nested vortex pair were developed as the polar caps on Sun. The primordial Solar System nested vortex pair of Sun was impelled by the galactic vortex of Milky Way in a spiral arm on the accretion disc.

A vortex eye on a surface of Sun is a depressed void area, whereby the usual atmospheric presence of plasmatic viscous matter required for thermal convection is not there, this would have caused the phenomenon of an inert dark center of a sunspot that the emptiness inhibits convection, and therefore is much cooler than the surrounding.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the main axis of the nested unisonal polar vortex pair of the Sun, is on the rotation axis of the Sun, and the secondary axis with driving force is the revolving axis of the Sun. This explains the phenomenon of polar caps as long-lived corona holes where coronal temperature and density suddenly dropped, are caused by the extremely large polar free vortex pair of the Sun. Photosphere is vortically dispersed at the poles, is as a result of the Sun's polar vortex; its reactive centrifugal force would cause the nested atmosphere to distribute toward the equator.


The vortex eye of the HL Tau's
vortical planetary system


The polar caps of the Sun

See a UVS topic on "Sunspots" that elucidates on more than twenty mysterious phenomena of the Sun.


Vortical systems within a vortical planetary system

Evidently, the vortical system of interstellar cloud in a vortical oneness has consolidated further to manifest unisonal vortices in unison within the star, its planets and their moons, in forms such as sunspot clusters on photosphere of the Sun, planetary cloud bands and planetary storms on nested atmosphere of gaseous planet.

From the UVS perspective, volcanic activities on satellites (planets and moons are satellites) with stratified surfaces, are caused by vortex of molten matter. The various types of unisonal vortices are spawned as a result of torque-free precession manifested in different nested layers of viscous matter, are caused by torque-induced precession in the vortical system.


Other galactic vortical systems

Based on the UVS model, a satellite galaxy is induced and undulated by its satellite galactic vortex.

In the UVS worldview, satellite galaxies such as NGC 5195 (the companion of M51), Large Magellanic Cloud, Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy, Canis Major dwarf galaxy , and dwarf galaxies alike are levitated on satellite galactic vortices impelled by their host galactic vortex.

A satellite vortex is impelled by its galactic vortex
Large Magellanic Cloud is a satellite vortex of Milky Way
A globular cluster of Milky Way
Whirlpool galaxy with its smaller companion NGC 5195
Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is between 15,000 and 16,000 light years in diameter, and has about one-tenth as many stars as our Galaxy (i.e., about 10^10 stars).
The Messier 80 globular cluster
is among the 150 currently known globular clusters in the Milky Way.

From the UVS perspective, a satellite galaxy is being ripped with its stars being snatched by its host galaxy that has spread it out in a long stellar stream, is as a result of a dissipating satellite galactic vortex affected by cyclonic gravity field effect of the galactic spheroid that is driving the galactic vortex; the satellite galaxy would appeared to have been ripped. These phenomena can also be described as an effect of the dissipating satellite galactic vortex is in a process of merging into the main galactic vortex, or the vortical forces holding the stars is being overpowered by an external vortical force of another larger galaxy system on its near encounter.

UVS predicates that the ripping of a galaxy is caused by the cyclonic gravity field effect from another larger galaxy system on near encounter.

Based on the UVS model, a globular cluster is formed by the transformation of a dissipated satellite galactic vortex, which is impelled by its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex that encapsulates the globular cluster.

The cognitive paradox that renders globular cluster as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus resolved with its underlying structure and mechanism illustrated.

From the UVS perspective, a globular cluster is formed by remnants of a satellite galaxy when a satellite galactic vortex pair undulating it has dissipated in its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex. Paradoxically, this is a mysterious phenomenon amazingly caused by a vanished satellite galactic vortex that had spawned its star system, which has not shown its presence at the first place; this meticulously resolved its very elusive cognitive paradox that render it as a mysterious phenomenon in its paradoxical effect.

When the vortically consolidated stars on an accretion disc in a satellite galaxy is released by the dissipated satellite galactic vortex pair in a freely suspended condition, it naturally transforms into a prolate spheroidal collections of stars. Vortically encapsulated by an outer layer of a nested spheroidal vortex, a globular cluster continues to spin with transferred momentum from the dissipated satellite galactic vortex pair.

Do a thought experiment to visualize how a globular cluster is formed in a final stage, this can be done by imaging a balloon is being pushed down on a flat surface by a stream of strong air and it has become flattened as a disc shape pressing on the surface, when the air stream is removed the balloon recovers to its original spheroidal shape. This thought experiment is credited to Dipayan Kar.

UVS predicates that a globular cluster is formed in the wake of a dissipated satellite galactic vortex pair, which was flattening its satellite galactic spheroid.

Based on the UVS model, the globular clusters NGC 1978 was withheld in a dissipated satellite galactic vortex impelled by a larger satellite galactic vortex of the Large Magellanic Cloud.

In the UVS worldview, the globular clusters such as Messier 80 and Omega Centauri, were withheld in a dissipated satellite galactic vortices impelled directly by the main galactic vortex of the Milky Way galaxy. Omega Centauri contains several generations of stars, hypothetically, it was a dwarf galaxy many times its present size, which it satellite galactic vortex was dissipated and then ripped apart and absorbed by the Milky Way galaxy. Without sufficient dynamo effect from the dissipated satellite galactic vortex, globular clusters are thus not active in evolving new stars.

The effects of a satellite galactic vortex that could aggregrate stars in a satellite galaxy, is rendered by the vortical spin fusion of its nested spheroidal vortex to push in on the repulsing surfaces of the nested plasmatic shell of adjacent stars, and this would cause their outer plasmatic shells to merge by the process of magnetic reconnection; in a manner this is similar to chemical covalent bond of a molecule. If its host galaxy snatches these vortically consolidated stars that are closely packed, they would then revolve by spiraling around the host galaxy as a star cluster that spiral to revolve as a group of stars, or as a binary star system with two stars, and each group of these reconsolidated stars share a common plasmatic shell. These reconsolidated stars are encapsulated in their common spheroidal unisonal vortex, and they vortically revolve around their barycenter of mass. These suggests that a star cluster is held together by strong interactions from electromagnetic vortices of stars in the weak vortical interactions of their common galactic vortex.

UVS predicates that binary stars are revolving around each other in a common plasmatic shell that was merged from the plasmatic shells of the two stars.

UVS predicates that star cluster is held together by strong interactions from electromagnetic vortices of stars in the weak vortical interactions of their common galactic vortex.

Based on the UVS model, an elliptical galaxy is undulated by a dissipated galactic vortex, which is impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex that encapsulates the elliptical galaxy.

After the galactic vortex has weakened and eventually dissipated, the vortically aggregated stars in the spiral galaxy would be released by its galactic vortex pair, but they would still be consolidated within the nested encapsulation of an outer layer of its nested spheroidal unisonal vortex. This process transforms the spiral galaxy into an elliptical galaxy, which is a huge ellipsoidal collection of stars with most if not all of its dissipated satellite galaxies transformed to form globular clusters.

From the UVS perspective, when a galactic vortex of a galaxy is dissipating, its vortical interactions become weaken and the galaxy would then begin to transform.

At the initial stage those satellite galactic vortices around the rim of the galaxy would begin to dissipate, thus loosing its stars to its host galaxy while transforming into dwarf elliptical galaxies, and gradually these becomes globular clusters when their undulating satellite galactic vortices are dissipated.


An ellipsoid
Front: Oval / Side: Round / Top: Oval

Image on right is a giant elliptical galaxy ESO 325-G004 as massive as 100 billion times of Sun, it has thousands of globular clusters revolving around it, at the galaxy's distance on enlarged image they appeared as pinpoints of light contained within the diffuse halo. Elliptical galaxy has very little stellar material after its galactic vortex was dissipated, without dynamo effect it is no longer active in evolving new stars. This phenomenon is similar to globular cluster.

UVS predicates that elliptical galaxy is formed in the wake of a dissipated galactic vortex pair, which was flattening its galactic spheroid.


The vortical phenomena of the Cartwheel Galaxy group


Cartwheel Galaxy group

Cartwheel Galaxy ESO 350-40 in a larger view

Based on the UVS model, the irregular galaxy of the Cartwheel Galaxy group on the top right of the interacting galaxies is held on an invisible satellite vortex of a galactic polar vortex on its left, and this satellite galaxy is apparently driven in a differential rotation by the galactic polar vortex on a galactic spheroid. The main spiral galaxy (ESO 350-40A) impelled by the galactic polar vortex is the opposite galactic polar vortex pair of the Cartwheel Galaxy (ESO 350-40) at the bottom in a bipolar system. In a torque-induced precession of its intensified galactic vortex, it would have caused the satellite galactic vortex to rotate in opposite direction in the differential manner as observed.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the intensified galactic vortex interactions of an intergalactic spheroid would cause the phenomenon of interacting galaxies. An increase in intensity of the two intergalactic polar vortices within an intergalactic spheroid had somehow occurred in an intergalactic precession, and this could cyclically intensify the intergalactic polar vortices pair. At one end on the interacting galaxies side (ESO 350-40A), the intensified galactic polar vortex would intensify this satellite galactic vortex to impel its interacting companion galaxy to resonate on a tilted axis of their encapsulating intergalactic spheroid.


Interacting galaxies of the
Cartwheel Galaxy group

From the UVS perspective, these interacting galaxies are seperated in a dual-core galactic vortex; each of these galaxies was manifested in one of the cores of a dual-core galactic vortex.

See a UVS topic on "Galaxy group" that illustrates the intergalactic nested spheroid of the Cartwheel galaxy group.

At the other polar end of the galactic spheroid, the intensified polar vortex caused an outer rim of stars to form and glow around the previously normal spiral Cartwheel Galaxy, this render its appearance of a cartwheel structure. There is a chain of cyclonic satellite vortices formed around the outer circular rim of the Cartwheel Galaxy and they vortically pointed toward the core, these are the spokes on its accretion disk and they are the squashed and compressed vortex columns of resonated cyclonic satellite vortices impelled by the Cartwheel Galaxy.

The outer circular rim of the Cartwheel Galaxy have a chain of mainly cyclonic satellite vortices resonated around it, and the star burst would evolve almost instantaneously by the dynamo effect of these faster spinning cyclonic satellite galactic vortices that would vortically form into satellite galaxies around the circular rim. This is also an empirical evidence that the evolution of a star is vortically impelled by its galaxy in vortical motion.


The Cartwheel Galaxy with its quasar

If this hypothesis of UVS for the almost instantaneous reactions on the vortical structure that held the Cartwheel Galaxy with a span of 150,000 light-years across is true, then the belief that nothing with mass can travel faster than the speed of light is a myth.

In the UVS worldview, the quasar of the Cartwheel Galaxy is a resonated satellite galaxy, and it is impelled by the encapsulating nested galactic spheroid of its galaxy, which consolidate to render its point-like structure. It therefore would have high speed rotation in its conservation of angular momentum with its relatively small radius. The high speed rotation of the quasar would have caused its high luminosity with energetically consolidated stellar materials that became extremely luminous.

A quasar can emit up to one thousand times the energy output and shines hundred of times brighter than the Milky Way galaxy, yet it occupies a spherical volume of space not much larger than the Solar System. Quasar with its jets at right angle to our view is perceived as an active galactic nucleus that was observed to devour up to 1000 solar masses of material every year, it is perceived as a radio galaxy when its jets are perdendicular to our view, and percieved as blazar when when its jet is pointed to Earth.

From the UVS perspective, with its very intensified vortical gravitational singularity that would have had formed its supermassive black hole, its circulating process can result in nucleosynthesis and nuclear transmutation to form all types of heavier chemical element as it possibly could, and then vortically scatter them around its galactic spheroid.


The quasar of the Cartwheel Galaxy

See an externally linked topic on "What Is A Quasar" that elucidates on quasar, radio galaxy, and blazar were perceived as different types of celestial object in the past, is as a result of the orientation of their polarized stellar jets.

UVS predicates that quasar is a resonated satellite galaxy impelled by a significant harmonic of its encapsulating nested galactic spheroid. Inspired in a forum discussion with Allen Barrow.


Other vortical phenomena of star

In the UVS world view, stars in a stellar arm driven towards the rim on a furrow as a result of centrifugal force, are caught to be embedded by its vortical interaction in its galactic system .

From the UVS perspective, when a star is dislodged from inside a galactic vortex ring that spins it cyclonically, and thus was moved to the outside of the galactic vortex ring, it would be subjected to an anti-cyclonic spin. The star in a spiral stellar arm could become dislodged from its embedment when the satellite galactic vortex impelling it is dissipating, or when its escape velocity is somehow overcome.

The dislodged star would therefore encounter a vortical driving force impelling it in an opposite direction of its intrinsic vortical spin, it thus undergoes the torque-induced precession in the vortical spiral arm to intrinsically spin it in opposite directions. This vortical interactions would cause the dislodged star to slow down gradually in rotating speed and then becomes cooler as a result of the dynamo effect is being gradually reduced.

Based on the UVS model, a star undulated by its stellar vortex, is vortically impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex. Thus, a gradually slower rotating star loosing its vortical consolidating force, would experience a reduction in its vortical fusion forces, and therefore gradually expands as a red giant star in its gradual unwinding process.

This vortical mechanism can rationally explain the enormous potential energy released when matters cyclonically fused by vortical spin fusion in a star, have collided with an anti-cyclonic aetheric structure in its galactic system, thus rendering the phenomenon of supernova. Hypothetically, a supernova can be caused by the star has collided with an interstellar barycenter that intrinsically spins in the opposite direction.

UVS predicates that supernova is caused in an unwinding process with a harmonic aetheric vortex to impel the star to violently spin in opposed directions.

When a red giant star is violently diffused by a harmonic vortex in a strong vortical unwinding process, it becomes a diffused star with the vortical motion that subject the star to intrinsic spin vigorously in its opposite spinning direction, and thus releasing its tremendous potential energy that has been conserved by its vortical spin fusion.

This process could therefore expelled much of the star stuff vortically with a runaway effect in the so called supernova event. Image on near right is a red giant star R Sculptoris that demonstrates vortical structure with its materials expelled to form around this dying star.

See an external linked topic on "Flux tube and plasma torus" that reports on charged particles spewed from Jupiter Moon Io had formed a gigantic Io Plasma Torus collection of particles, which orbit in the orbital of Jupiter.


Star R Sculptoris

The Crab Nebula; M1

UVS predicates that red giant star is vortically unwound to expand and expel its materials. With credit to anonymous from Singapore.

See a UVS subtopic on "A thought experiment to simulate spheroidal pushed-in gravity with a huge balloon held in deep ocean" that elaborates on a thought experiment to simulate how red giant and supernova could manifest.

The scattered remnants of the diffused star that were vortically impelled in opposite direction by the spiral arm of the galaxy would then begin to consolidate with heavier elements of star stuff in its opposite spin. This vortical consolidating process in the opposite spin would gradually consolidate the expelled star stuff to consolidate again in its evolution process that could form another generation of enriched stars, planets and their satellites.

Based on UVS model, the phenomenon of a planetary nebula is rendered by a pair of nested polar vortices encapsulated by its spheroidal unisonal vortex, which is vortically consolidating its diffused star (commonly known as an exploded star in the remnant of supernova) with rapidly expelling materials that are vortically scattered on its pair of nested bowl-shaped polar vortrices; this is fundamentally the causality that manifests planetary nebulae with glowing ionized gas as can be empirically observed.

From the UVS perspective, a planetary nebula such as the Hourglass Nebula, is the remnant of its diffused star that has vortically unwound.

UVS predicates that planetary nebula is a consolidating diffused star wobbling in precession with nested and glowing plasma polar vortrex pairs.


From the UVS perspective, a cyclonically coalesced star colliding with a significant anti-cyclonically manifested stellar black hole, will vortically unwind the star to become a red giant, and the colliding star that unwinds can eventually end up in a nova or supernova in its disintegration when intensively interacted with the black hole.

A resonant of aether vortical motion that manifests a stellar black hole in stellar clouds, depending on its intensity, it can vortically coalesced stellar materials to form a young star with protoplanets in its protoplanetary disk, or devours the stellar materials and transforms them into the apparent nothingness of aether.

From the UVS perspective, a highly energetic spinor field that undulates a star in its nova outburst, could impel the electrostatically encapsulated ionized atoms to exchange electrons with galactic wind, and emits x-ray and gamma-ray from the energized star.

UVS predicates that a star nova outburst of x-ray and gamma ray is caused by a highly energetic spinor field that is intensively undulating the star.

See UVS subtopics on "Cometary outburst" that elaborates on how the coma of a comet could release x-ray with its undulating spheroidal unisonal vortex, and "The structures of planetary nebulae" that illustrates all sorts of vortical pattern for nebulae.

See an externally linked topic on "Supermassive Black Hole Devouring a Star" that elaborates on an observed star shredded and unwound by its black hole would become a red giant, "Supermassive Black Hole’s Dizzying Spin Is Half The Speed Of Light", "ALMA reveals secrets of a dying star", "Hubble Telescope reveals true shape of Ring Nebula" that reveals an unprecedented view of the nebula's three-dimensional nested torus-shaped structure with spokes, "Hyper-velocity star" that evidently suggest a star achieving escape velocity and therefore dislodges from its main galaxy would end up in a supernova explosion, and the mainstream hypotheses for "Nebular hypothesis" and "Stellar evolution" .

Image on far right is the Chandra x-ray image of the Cartwheel galaxy group, the bright spots as shown up in the image are ultra and hyperluminous X-ray sources of young supernovas and supernova remnants of the younger stars in the galaxy group.

According to the nuclear fusion of a star, all the very large and extremely luminous stars in the quasars of the Chartwheel galaxy would have burnt out and undergone supernova explosion before any of those other younger stars in the galaxy should. Nonetheless, it was empirically observed that many smaller young stars around the larger ring of the Chartwheel galaxy had gone supernovae, while all the very large stars in the quasars have had remained as extremely luminous stars.


Optical image

X-ray image

Note: Supernova is one of the unsolved problems in physics, and White dwarfs are known to have a low rate of rotation before it undergoes a Type Ia supernova that explodes via the accretion mechanism to unbind the star in a supernova explosion.

See UVS topics on "The aparently observed expanding universe", "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Big Bang model on expansion of space", and "The force interactions of bipolar nebula".

Note: The contemplation for supernova explosion was speculated based on unisonal vortex mechanism, and as yet there was no direct evidence found for changing spinning direction of any star that was involved with supernova; the conjectures were merely based on the UVS model with the observed evidence of hyper-velocity star would end up in supernova explosion, and a shredded star unwound by its black hole would become a red giant. UVS model propositioned that supernova is typically caused in an unwinding process by vortically impelling the star to violently spin in opposite direction. If a known star such as Betelgeuse with known details went supernova, and if its supposedly neutron star after the supernova is observed to be spinning at high speed in opposite direction, this would be the initial scientific proof for this claim of UVS on supernova.

We wish to find the truth, no matter where it lies. But to find the truth we need imagination and skepticism both.
We will not be afraid to speculate, but we will be careful to distinguish speculation from fact. - Carl Sagan

Based on the UVS model, a star undulated by its stellar vortex, is vortically impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the brightness of a star depends on electric current generated by the dynamo effect in magnetohydrodynamics of its vortically culminated plasma that causes ionized matter to glow; electric glow discharge. From the classical mechanics viewpoint, a particle with mass if impelled in vortical motion would produce kinetic energy that could be converted into electrical energy for the process of electric glow discharge.

All sources of radiation for galaxy clusters, galaxies, stars, novae, supernovae, planetary nebulae and satellites are manifested from vortical motion of aether in nested spheroidal encapsulations.

The causality for convection in nature is vortical motion in nested layers of viscous matter. - UVS inspired -

The noble gas enclosed in an electrically powered plasma lamp is not burnt as fuel for the plasma to glow, hydrogen would glow as long as it is ionized electrically in encapsulation; ionized gases are not burnt as fuel when they glow to radiate electromagnetic waves and produce heat upon interaction with matter.

Some empirical observations for electric glow discharge in natural phenomena are the polar aurorae of Jupiter and Saturn that glow with their ionized hydrogen excited in vortical motion of its polar vortex.


Plasma lamp


Hydrogen glow

A polar aurora on Jupiter

See a UVS subtopics on "Comet outburst event" that elaborates on the natural electric glow discharge of comets.

From the UVS perspective, polar aurorae of a gas giant is caused by the vortical motion of its polar vortices; kinetic energy is converted to thermal energy in the vortical process for its plasma glow. If the vortical motion of a precessing gas giant is intensified sufficiently by extremely high speed rotation, it would glow like a star; the effects of thermodynamics is caused by vortical motion of the celestial object.

From the gravitational collapse perspective that explains star evolution based on mass, this gas giant turned star could be mistakenly classified as a white dwarf according to it volume with the assumption for its mass. And apparently, the density for the matters of a neutron star was concluded in the realm of its mathematical model with the assumption that it has to have a certain mass.


Aurorae of Saturn

From the UVS perspective, in the vortical spin fusion neclosnythesis process of a star, the nucleons in the hydrogen atoms could fuse to create heavier elements, and also the brightness of a star that is vortically impelled and does not depend on the amount of nuclear fuel available for the star to burn. It primarily depends on its precession effects from its two-axis rotation that causes torque-free precession for vortical motion of its viscous matter to heat up and light up the star.

UVS predicates that the brightness of star depends on electric current generated by dynamo effect in magnetohydrodynamics of vortically consolidated plasma.

The high speed spin of plasma jet streams in vortical motion within the corona, could qualitatively explain why the corona is much hotter than the surface of the Sun with tightly packed photosphere that has much limited degree of freedom for motion; kinetic energy of plasma jet streams with vortical motion in high speed spin within the corona are converted to excessive heat.

UVS predicates that the immense heat in corona of the Sun is produced by vortical motion of plasma jet streams with high speed spin by converting kinetic energy into heat.

From the UVS perspective, without sufficient mass effect and vortical motion in transferring of angular momentum to drive a gas giant it therefore could not glow brilliantly; a brown dwarf is a failed star that has not acquired enough vortical momentum to excite its hydrogen atoms to glow like a typical star.

UVS predicates that a brown dwarf is a failed star that has not acquired enough vortical momentum to excite its hydrogen atoms to glow like a typical star.

This also comprehensively explains how a wobbling planet with molten core of viscous matter in vortical motion could perpetually produce internal heat.


An artist concept for
Brown dwarf OTS 44
 

Thermal radiation from the interior of a planet and its satellites is generated by vortical motion in nested layers of viscous matter with precession effect.

UVS predicates that thermal radiation from the interior of a planet and its satellites is generated by vortical motion in nested layers of viscous matter with precession effect.

Saturn's moon Enceladus, was discovered to have liquid water under its icy surface after observing geyser-like jets of icy particles rising from the moon's south polar region, but this is impossible as predicted with the Newton's law of universal gravitation because of its small mass and its far distant from the Sun; all the underground water should have been frozen up.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the jets on Enceladus are formed by reactive centrifugal force with resonated precession effects on liquid water. The spin-orbit libration that oscillates the moon subjected to stronger precession effects at nearer proximity, can explain why it might be able to generate enough heat internally to liquefied the water underneath the icy surface; kinetic energy of motion within the wobbling moon was converted to heat with precession effects.

It is also inexplicable with Newton's law of universal gravitation that the Jupiter's moon Io has an ocean of molten matter underneath its icy crust.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the effects of precession can qualitatively explain how vortical motion can manifest vortices of molten matter, which would generate its internal heat from underneath the icy crust.


Jets on Enceladus


Jupiter's moon Io

Vortical motion of aether is the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe. - UVS inspired -



The orbit of natural satellite
- Vortical revolving and rotating motion of celestial object

Based on the UVS model, a planetary system is undulated by its stellar vortrex, and this is impelled by its galactic vortex.

From the initial frame of reference with a fixed barycenter of the Solar System, a planetary orbit develops from one of these vortex rings. In primordial stage, a vortex ring is a standing wave formed by a dilated harmonic vortex that has extended from the vortex core. Satellites of planet are still vortically propagating in the manner of longitudinal waves on the revolving path of the planet with its conserved angular momentum, this angular momentum was transferred from vortical dynamics of a primordial rotating satellite vortex that spirals to revolve around the main vortex.

The image to the right at the center is a newly formed star HL Tau with its protoplanet that was coalescing in a womb of gas. In the UVS worldview, the star HL Tau is still at infancy stage of a star birth that is coalescing in vortical motion with a protoplanet HL Tau b (small circular bright image at slightly after one o'clock position) also in the process of forming as a gaseous planet in its resonance of vortical motion.


Star HL Tau and its protoplanet HL Tau b

From the UVS perspective, a consolidated planet after "clearing the neighborhood", is still vortically propagating around a vortex ring with transferred angular momentum from the motion of the coalescing primordial protoplanet.

From the galactic reference frame, it can be visualized that the movement of Earth is a transferred vortical motion from the motion of its galaxy; Earth is impelled to vortically revolve around the Sun that is also vortically revolving around the Galactic Center.

Evidently, all orbits are originated from vortical motion.

See UVS topics on "A perpetual motion experiment" that qualitatively proves the motion of Earth is being externally impelled with a vortical push-in force, and "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Kepler's laws of planetary motion" that reviews the conventional widsom of planetary orbit.

All Solar System objects vortically revolve around the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System.- UVS inspired -

It is a scientific fact that the Sun spirals to revolve around the dual-core barycenter of the Solar System. This is as a result of the Sun is exchanging angular momentum primarily with Jupiter, and also with all other Sun's satellites while the Sun moves. It is Indubitable that the Sun revolves by spiraling around the Galactic Center of the Milky Way galaxy at the velocity of approximately 232 km/s and it takes around 230 million years to make one revolving cycle. In the external reference frame of the Milky Way galaxy, the Sun as a matter of fact is moving in a composite helica path around the Galactic Center; this infers the motion of the Sun is primarily impelled by the vortical motion of its galaxy. The motion of the Solar System is a vortical motion transferred from the vortical motion of the Milky Way galaxy, and the Solar System is being coalesced in a resonated vortical motion with stellar materials. This elucidates that the helical motions of Solar System objects are manifested by the vortical motion of the Solar System. Any two celestial objects revolving around each other with their barycenter vortically moving through space, will spiral in helical motions with precession effects.

With this transcendental visualization, one can comprehensively understand that all the orbits of natural satellites, are developed as a result of conserved angular momentum transferred from vortical dynamics of a primordial nested spheroidal vortex that exchanges angular momentum in a unisonal manner. In its epistemic process that is substantiated with empirical observations, UVS postulates that the Solar System were manifested by the vortical spin fusion of interstellar clouds in resonant frequencies of standing wave, and they are vortically propagating in longitudinal waves. The superpositioning of two significant centrifugal forces of the dual-core planetary system in precession, renders the elliptical and apsidal motions of planets with two focal points in the manifested accretion disk.

From the UVS perspective, the Sun and its planets are perpetually spiraling toward the center of the Solar System that is perpetually moving away with vortical motion in its helical path in the galactic reference frame; this renders the phenomenon of planetary orbits with apsidal and elliptical motions that are precessing in the localized reference frame of a static Sun. With this cognitive paradox meticulously resolved in its transcendental perspective, as a matter of fact, it is a qualitative proof that the orbits of natural satellites were developed as a result of conserved angular momentum transferred from the vortical dynamics of their undulating nested spheroidal vortex.

UVS predicates that the orbits of natural satellites were developed as a result of conserved angular momentum are being transferred from their undulating nested spheroidal vortex .

UVS predicates that the Solar System objects were manifested by vortical spin fusion of interstellar clouds in resonant frequencies of standing wave and they are vortically propagating in longitudinal waves.

All celestial objects rotate and revolve in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.- UVS inspired -

See externally linked topics on "The Universal Helicola" and "Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe" for some proposed mathematical models on revolving celestial objects.

Evidently, the orbits of planets and their satellites are as a result of transferred angular momentum conserved from a vortical origin in the Solar System. All Solar System objects revolve in vortical motion around the Sun, the Sun vortically revolves around the Galactic Center of Milky Way, and Milky Way with everything it vortically carries is vortically revolving around the Local Group. These nested vortical motion in celestial scale of ever larger vortical systems is observable all the way to the largest observable structure of CMBR dipole in the observable universe, in micro scale of ever smaller vortical systems it is observable all the way to the smallest observable structure of electron's motion in subatomic particles.

See UVS topics on "Geometric structure of magnetosphere" and "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that demonstrate this vortical dynamics with "Dipole moment in mechanical illustration", "Aetheric jet stream" that elaborates on the particle paths of Earth's magnetic field lines. See an externally linked topic on "The Universal Helicola" that presents an impeccable illustration for spiral motion of Earth's path in space on page 269 in figure 13.1, it was comprehensively elaborated qualitatively, analytically and quantitatively.

See also video clips on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" that illustrates with an external perception for the helical motion of Earth in a moving Sun, and "The solar system's motion thru space". Note: These illustrations would be qualitatively more accurate if they show the barycenter motion of a moving Sun that propagates in a composite helical path around the Galactic Center.

The orbital resonance of planets and satellites in Solar System with orbiting bodies that exert gravitational influence on each other has mutual precession effects acting on each other in a cyclical manner.

From the UVS perspective, the apsidal precession of planets is an empirical evidence for the spiral motion of a moving Sun in its revolving path around the Galactic Center. In its vortical fractal level shifted down by one level, Jupiter can be perceived to be vortically spiraling around the Sun and it is wobbling around a composite center of mass as a result of its moons.

See UVS topics on "The dust disk of star" and "Mysterious planetary rings" that illustrate vortically formed nested disks and ring systems of celestial objects, and a UVS subtopic on "Vortical motion of planetary moon" that elaborate on the implications with vortical motion of Solar Systems objects.

Note: The vortical paths in helical spiral motion of planets were independently visualized with the UVS model without any priori reference, other similar concepts were later found through the Internet on further inquiry, such as "Spiral Forms in Space" as illustrated by Dr. Wilhelm Reich (MD) in the web site of Dr. James DeMeo, Ph.D., "Universal Helicola" as illustrated by Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg and "The solar system's motion thru space"as illustrated by Nassim Haramein. Nonetheless, among these similar illustrations, UVS uniquely illustrated with scientific evidence for how the Sun and its planets were vortically formed, why they propagate in spiral motions through space and how they were vortically impelled to move in spiral motion.


The apparent retrograde rotation of Venus

Venus is an odd planet that apparently rotates about its axis in retrograde motion for rendering the effect of a West rising Sun, and according to the International Astronomical Union (IAU), it is thus considered to be rotating in opposite direction in the Solar System.

However, the planetary rotation direction in Solar System according to the IAU, is perceived in a frame of reference with respect to the Sun. From this perspective looking from above the North of the Earth, there is no issue for a revolving planet in cyclonic motion if it is cyclonically rotating at an angular speed faster than its revolving angular speed, but there is a critical issue if the revolving angular speed is faster than the rotating angular speed.


Venus

If a planet is cyclonically rotating in counter-clockwise direction at an angular speed slower than the counter-clockwise angular speed of its cyclonic revolving path, from the Sun's perspective, the planet would be deemed as rotating in clockwise direction. It is paradoxically rotating in clockwise direction in the frame of reference from the Sun's perspective, this is as a result of its counter-clockwise angular speed is rotating slower than the counter-clockwise angular speed revolving around the Sun; this paradoxically renders the optical illusion that Venus is rotating in clockwise direction in its counter-clockwise revolving path.

If Venus is in retrograde rotation at all, it should take less than the approximately 224.7 days for its sidereal rotation period in its apparently perceived retrograde rotation; this is not the case. Critically, the apparently perceived retrograde rotation of Venus is a relative motion illusion rendered in its observational delusion.

In its transcendental perspective, Venus is cyclonically rotating in counter-clockwise direction in the Solar System reference frame with prograde motion. The cognitive paradox was thus meticulously resolved with its delusional observation elucidated.

UVS predicates that Venus is cyclonically rotating in counter-clockwise direction in its counter-clockwise revolving path around the Sun. Inspired in a forum discussion with Graham Burnett.

It is a fact that Venus takes approximately 243 days for its apparently perceived retrograde rotation (or approximately -243 days for its sidereal rotation period) , while it takes approximately 224.7 days to revolve around the Sun; Venus is rotating away in counter-clockwise direction with prograde motion. The fact that Venus rotates in counter-clockwise direction in its counter-clockwise revolving path around the Sun, as can be empirically observed from the external perspective of the Solar System, is a qualitative proof that Venus is cyclonically rotating with prograde motion.

Note: The negative sign for the sidereal rotation period of Venus, is merely a symbolic indication for its apparently perceived retrograde motion.

 

The apparent prograde rotation of Uranus


HST image of Uranus showing
cloud bands, rings, and moons.

The magnetic field of Uranus as seen by Voyager 2 in
1986. S and N are magnetic south and north poles.


"Uranus' axis of rotation lies on its side with respect to the plane of the solar system, with an axial tilt of 97.77 degrees. This makes its exchange of seasons completely unlike those of the other major planets. Other planets can be visualized to rotate like tilted spinning tops relative to the plane of the solar system, while Uranus rotates more like a tilted rolling ball. Near the time of Uranian solstices, one pole faces the Sun continually while the other pole faces away. Only a narrow strip around the equator experiences a rapid day-night cycle, but with the Sun very low over the horizon as in the Earth's polar regions. At the other side of Uranus' orbit the orientation of the poles towards the Sun is reversed. Each pole gets around 42 years of continuous sunlight, followed by 42 years of darkness.[42] Near the time of the equinoxes, the Sun faces the equator of Uranus giving a period of day-night cycles similar to those seen on most of the other planets.

Voyager's observations revealed that the magnetic field is peculiar, both because it does not originate from the planet's geometric center, and because it is tilted at 59° from the axis of rotation.[82][83] In fact the magnetic dipole is shifted from the center of the planet towards the south rotational pole by as much as one third of the planetary radius.[82] This unusual geometry results in a highly asymmetric magnetosphere, .... Neptune has a similarly displaced and tilted magnetic field, suggesting that this may be a common feature of ice giants.[83] One hypothesis is that, unlike the magnetic fields of the terrestrial and gas giant planets, which are generated within their cores, the ice giants' magnetic fields are generated by motion at relatively shallow depths, for instance, in the water–ammonia ocean. "

The above are excerpts from a topic on Uranus, from Wikipedia in around 2008.

The above proposition that suggests Uranus has an axial tilt of 97.77 degrees with inverse magnetic field in the invariable plane, suggests that the somehow tilted over Uranus is rotating in prograde motion; this perspective suggests Uranus in prograde rotation is merely tilted more than 90 degrees in the plane of the Solar System.

From the external reference frame of the Solar System, as can be asserted with its similar orientation for its magnetic south and north poles as compared with other planets in the Solar System, Uranus is in fact rotating in retrograde motion; its prograde motion is merely apparently perceived from the point of view of its tilted over axis.

Note: It later had been amended in the Wikipedia topic to conclude that Uranus is rotating in retrograde motion for its sidereal rotation.

See an externally linked topic on "North Magnetic Pole" that elaborates that the Earth's North Magnetic Pole is actually a magnetic south pole and the Earth's South Magnetic Pole is a magnetic north pole.

 

The primeval Earth and its moon

Based on the UVS model, the Earth with its moon in their primeval molten forms are coalesced from a local vortical group of interstellar clouds formed as a nested torus-shaped ring, and this ring was impelled by the steallar vortex of the Solar System to vortically revolve around the Sun. This nested torus-shaped vortical ring of interstellar clouds with precession effect vortically consolidate higher density materials toward its core, and vortically spreads lighter density materials toward its rim in their closed streamline. This hypothesis explains why the materials on Moon coalesced with the interstellar clouds in a satellite vortex carrying a spectrum of lighter density materials, is similar to the composition of Earth; the Moon could be evolved in the same nested vortical system in which the Earth was evolved from.

See UVS topics on "Polar jet streams" that elaborates on how an atmospheric jet stream in closed streamline is manifested by its undulating free vortex.

After the torus-shaped ring of interstellar clouds is compressed to a compact region in the ring with the vortical spin fusion resonanted from its precession effect, it renders the effects of clearing the neighbourhood, and thus coalesced the interstellar materials in the torus-shaped ring to form as a spheroidal Earth in its most efficiently balanced form. A vortically manifested torus-shaped ring that formed around the Earth and had also compressed to a compact region in its ring, had thus coalesced with the accreted interstellar materials to form as the Moon.

In this hypothesis, the Moon is vortically consolidated from a torus-shaped vortical ring of stellar materials that revolves in the vortical system of the primordial Earth, and its vortical mechanism could also explain why the sidereal rotation of Moon is tidally locked to Earth. The primordial Earth consolidated from stellar materials in its vortical ring that spiral to revolve around the Sun results in the rotating direction and the angular speed for the sidereal rotation of Earth.

UVS predicates that the primeval Earth with its Moon is vortically coalesced from a nested torus-shaped vortical ring of stellar materials formed around the Sun.

Note: Although further illustrations would be necessary to clarify this vortical mechanism, contemplating on the UVS model could elucidate this concept.

From the UVS perspective, most craters on Earth and Moon are remnants of molten matter vortices that were formed before their surfaces are stratified to become their crust layers; unisonal vortex mechanism can explain the numerous crater formations on primeval Earth and primeval Moon. Earth has a magma ocean underneath its crust and therefore formation of molten matter vortex would still be an ongoing cyclical process that could occasionally intensify as a result of a strong Solar System alignment effect.

See UVS topics on "Crater" and "Earthquakes" that elaborates on vortical interactions in molten matter.

The lunar surface is marred with numerous craters laced in basalt materials are evident that these are remnants of molten matter vortices. The surface of Earth is also marred with numerous craters in packs that are visible from space. Examine satellite image of Earth closely would reveal countless big and small craters by the hundreds all over the world, visible on main lands and sea beds as well.

See an externally linked topic on "Crater Map" powered by Geology.com that could show Earth is marred with numerous craters in packs.


Craters on Earth's moon

Large and small craters in Siberia

In comparative studies, the gaseous surfaces of Jupiter and Saturn are laced with packed vortices that are still active, many of their moons are also marred with numerous craters in packs. Beneath the stratified surface for some of these moons such as Io, molten matter vortices are still active and therefore could manifest as volcanic activities and periodical earthquakes.

See a paper on "Jupiter and Io Observe Each Other" that suggests moon Io undergoes tides and earthquakes on a 42-hour cycle as it orbits Jupiter.

In the above thermal image of Saturn, literally hundreds of storm clouds encircle the pole, appearing as dark spots in this infrared spectrometer thermal image; these are vortically induced swirling motion that were manifested on the surfaces of its gaseous atmospheric layers.

Frome the UVS perspective, the Earth and its moon in their primeval molten forms would have been laced with molten satellite vortices similar to the gas giants, and after becoming stratified these vortices then became the craters as their remnants.


Evolution of comet

The Bubble-shaped Nebula NGC 6781 as illustrated, has a horizontal glowing disc structure that resembles the Kuiper belt, the scattered disc and the hypothesized disc-shaped inner Oort cloud of Sun.

The spherical glowing and enveloping gas shell of this nebula also seems to have a similar geometrical pattern of digon like the hypothetical Oort cloud , and appears to be in an orthogonal wobble of two axes spin.


A digon in spheroid

From the UVS perspective, the Bubble-shaped Nebula NGC 6781, and the Oort cloud, are hypersphere structures of 3-sphere.

See a UVS subtopic on "The UVS atomic nucleus model" that elaborates on the how a 3-sphere hypersphere structure could be vorticlly formed in macrocosms and microcosm.

Oort cloud is believed to be a spherical cloud of comets that revolves roughly 50,000 AU away, or nearly a light-year, from the Sun, and comet is known to be enveloped in its relatively huge nested atmosphere.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, this enveloping gas shell with two crossing discs are vortically formed in a precession effect of its plasmasphere.

From the UVS perspective, within the coma of a comet, which is a plasmasphere, the gas tail of comet has the dynamics of longitudinal waves that are vortical pushing-in toward a general direction of the Sun.

See a UVS topic on "The coma, gas and dust tails of comet" for further elaboration and more illustrations.


NGC 6781, a bubble-shaped nebula


Kuiper Belt and Oort cloud of Sun

Based on the UVS model, Sun is undulated by its stellar vortex, which is vortically impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex. In precession cylces, the Sun in barycenter motion exchanges angular momentum with all stuff encapsulate in the spheroidal unisonal vortex.

In the UVS worldview, the uniformly spread out comets revolving around the Sun in tilted elliptical orbits from the invariable plane, are formed by vortical consolidation of stellar materials in the harmonics of a spheroidal unisonal vortex with its two-axis spin.

UVS predicates that comets in Oort cloud revolving around Sun in uniformly spread out manner are vortically consolidated in harmonics of unisonal vortex.

 

I have often made the hypothesis that ultimately physics will not require a mathematical statement,
that in the end the machinery will be revealed and the laws will turn out to be simple.
- Richard Fenyman

 

 

Author's remarks: Thousand apologies for this article that loosely elaborates in bits and pieces on cosmo phenomena from the UVS perspective, and also there were numerous issues that were not fully addressed herein. Nevertheless, this alternative concept on stellar and galactic evolution is consistently based on the UVS model, and its relevant hypothetical case studies of natural phenomena are coherently explicated in the UVS worldview.

 

~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum) for his post #135 on protoplanet HL Tau b, this is strong scientific evidence for evolution of stars and planets are through vortex dynamics. In a concept of cosmic evolution (in physical cosmology aspect) on macro levels in Charles Darwin style, this image has important implications in many aspects for Universal Vortical Singularity. It is the missing link in factual astronomy observation as evidence that completes the vortical universe scenarios of Universal Vortical Singularity; the unisonal dynamics of vortical interactions that weave a chain of celestial events from a galaxy system to its star systems with their planetary systems in unisonal motion through a universal vortical system.

~ With special thanks to Graham Burnett (aka G_burnett of TOEQuest Forum) for his post on hyper-velocity star that evidently suggest a star achieving escape velocity and therefore dislodge from its main galaxy would end up in a supernova explosion.

~ With special thanks to Graham Burnett for his intellectual interactions on magnetism, magnet pole reversal of Earth and magnetosphere of Uranus. The discussion has also led to reveal on the apparent retrograde rotation of Venus is actually rotating cyclonically in counter-clockwise direction similar to other planets in the Solar System.

~ With special thanks to Anna Lorrina Mitchell (aka labelwench of TOEQuest) for her post #727 linking to "Space tornado" that evidently illustrates the vortical dynamics of a stellar jet observed with NASA's Spitzer infrared telescope.

~ With special thanks to Professor Christopher W. Hodshire from Western Michigan University for his email on highlighting a link on "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe". In the UVS worldview, this is strong scientific evidence for the existence of a Cosmic Spheroid that vortically spawn stars, and then these stars vortically coalesced as a cluster of galaxies.

~ With special thanks to anonymous from Singapore for his email on highlighting a link on "Supermassive Black Hole’s Dizzying Spin Is Half The Speed Of Light", "ALMA reveals secrets of a dying star" that evidently illustrates the spiral structure of the red giant star R Sculptoris, the reports on "Never-Before-Seen Stage of Planet Birth Revealed", and "Hubble Telescope reveals true shape of Ring Nebula" that reveals an unprecedented view of the nebula's three-dimensional nested torus-shaped structure with spokes.

 

Some resonated remarks received that are relevant to Universal Vortical Singularity (aka UVS) for this UVS topic on "Evolve of stars and galaxies":

Also loved reading your research again. It does make me rethink and in some cases, relearn my understanding of the cosmos.
- Professor Christopher W. Hodshire from Western Michigan University, 28th Aug 2012.

“The UNIVERSAL VORTICAL SINGULARITY is the best cosmological model available today to explain the Universe.”
- Pat Nolan, blog writer of “Holographic Superfluid Universe”, 23th March 2011.

An intriguing website full of enlightening concepts and analyses!
- Dr. Wayne Nowland, physicist, researcher, philosopher, and author, planned and launched Australia's first AUSSAT communications satellite system,
Dec 2009.

Objectively speaking, even in its present mostly qualitative form, UVS makes a significant contribution to the discovery of spiral nature of the universe. No person holds a complete truth about the nature of the universe, and UVS brings attention of scientists to an interesting path of solving this very challenging problem., With great respect, Vladimir.- Dr. Vladimir B. Ginzburg, mathematician, accomplished scientist, author of "Prime Elements of Ordinary Matter, Dark Matter & Dark Energy", "Spiral Grain of the Universe" and several other renowned books such as "Metallurgical Design of Flat Rolled Steels" for applied science, and holds over fifty U.S. and foreign patents, 28th Jun 2009.

UVS is the future of science. - Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum), 12th Dec 2008.

 

 

 

19th June 2007

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Hydrogen - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Nucleosynthesis - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nuclear transmutation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stellar nucleosynthesis - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reactive centrifugal force - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chemical compound - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Molecular clouds - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Molecules - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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States of matter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Potential energy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bose-Einstein condensate - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plasma - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Supermassive black holes emit incredible amounts of hydrogen gas at astounding rates - TECH TIMES
Active galactic nucleus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
How black holes both consume and eject material - By Chandra chronicles
The warm–hot intergalactic medium (WHIM) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Cartwheel Galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Blazar
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Spiral Galaxy M81 - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ellipsoid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Elliptical galaxy ESO 325-G004 - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Stellar black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Nuclear fusion - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heliospheric current sheet - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Solar System - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Barycenter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

SN 1572 supernova - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Enceladus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Dwarf galaxy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe - By Dr Yongfeng Yang of Bureau of Water Resources of Shandong Province.
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Galilean moons - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Streamlines - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lunar basalt materials - By B.J. Pletka from Michigan Technological University
Jupiter and Io Observe Each Other - Space Science Institute; Preston Dyches
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Scattered disc - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Digon
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Precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orthogonality - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Comet Coma - University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
Potential density - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Video clip on "Star being shredded by a massive black hole" - ASA, S. Gezari (The Johns Hopkins University), and J. Guillochon (University of California, Santa Cruz)
Video clip on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" - By Kurdistan Planetarium
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Simulated view of a black hole - Ute Kraus, Physics education group Kraus, Universitat Hildesheim.
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Image of Galaxy M81- NASA
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Image of protoplanetary disk - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of heliosphere - NASA
Image of Whirlpool galaxy M51 with NGC 5195 - NASA

Image of sunspots - Swedish Institute for Solar Physics,
ISP, Göran Scharmer and Mats Löfdahl
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Image of Jupiter's moon- Io - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Image of dipole field
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Geek3


 

 

 

DRAFT

Project - Vortical motion of planetary moon

Objective:
To test the scientific predictions for the motion of moons with vortex theory.

Overviews:
Some of the most interesting observable celestial bodies that involve more than two-body motion are Galilean moons, Saturn’s moons and the Earth’s moon and all these individual moons are carried by their planets to vortically revolve around the Sun in their three-body motion.

Currently, the scientific predictions for the approximated planetary motion in astronomy are mainly based on the easier Kepler’s model or the celestial mechanics of Newtonian gravitation. Although these models could predict planetary motion quite precisely, they could not work for the sub-orbital motion of planetary moon that revolves around its planet that also revolves around the Sun. The current solution for this three-body problem in astronomy was solved by pure mathematics; this is merely an applied mathematical treatment to the problem and not a scientific solution. Moreover, the elliptic orbit of planet as postulated in these conventional model was based on inertial reference frame with a stationary Sun is a cognitive paradox fallacy; the Sun moves and in this external reference frame all planetary orbits are no longer ellipses. See a UVS topics on "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Kepler's laws of planetary motion" and "The causality of gravity".

Method:
Vortex theory could be developed in applied mathematics to be able to scientifically predict celestial motion involving more than two rigid bodies. Like it was described with two levels of helicola in the “The fifth coming of vortices”. Based on this concept it could scientifically predict the approximated sub-orbital motion of any planetary moon with its planet revolving around the Sun in three-dimensional Euclidean space.

Please feel free to revert to me anyone who has any questions about my book.- Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg, mathematician, accomplished engineer and holds over fifty U.S. and foreign patents. Email: helicola@aol dot com (replace dot with "." symbol)

Inevitably, the claim of vortex theory would require it to make scientific predictions that could be quantitatively measured independently and testable with empirical data.

To make the vortex theory testable with empirical observation for proving its quantitative predictions, it would require the development of software for showing the sub-orbital motion of planetary moon, this can be done by using the scientific prediction of helicola concept with its applied mathematics that can be referenced to the celestial sphere for validation with the observed reality.

Proposal:
Openly invite people from all over the world who could be interested to participate in a competition by submitting planetary motion software for calculating the motion of satellite based on vortex theory; specifically the Galilean moons that could be easily observed with any backyard telescope. It should be developed to be able to present on Internet platform (such as by using Java applet) showing all orbital details for its scientific predictions of approximated sub-orbital motion of any planetary moon, in real-time as well as fast-forwarded or fast-reversed time in Fourier analysis to test the predictions according to any stipulated time. The person submitting the software must allow full disclosure for it to be freely published on the Internet for public evaluation purposes.

The submitted software should be able to present its calculated predictions similar to this sample that was based on conventional method. Its real time quantitatively predicted results for the celestial coordinates of any planetary moon that is based on vortex theory must at least approximately correlates with the celestial position of the planetary moon as indicated by the World Wide Telescope.

Note: For the moment, this simplified vortex model based on geometry need not factor in inversed-square law effect of gravity, center of mass motion, tidal force, electrostatic force, curvature of spacetime (aether) near large mass and etc. Nonetheless, the modified Galilean transformation that factors in the speed of light to account for the apparent location of any planet, the wobbling of Jupiter as a result of its moons, the apparent retrograde motion of Jupiter and azimuth of planetary motion have to be considered. The vector model for vortex theory when used in conjunction should improve its quantitative predictions, but these would be too difficult to be understood for the general public to start with, so better to keep the requirements simple for its first trial and hope that the submitted software could at least work.

The evaluation of the quantitative prediciton of vortex theory should be carried out with help from astrophysicists who are familiar with planetary science to validate the proposed scientific method of vortex model planetary motion as well as verifying the test results with empirical observation.

Suggestion on criteria for winning:
The first person achieving the minimum stipulated objectives with his software endorsed by Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg, having its quantified results that are predicted according to the vortex theory and are then independently confirmed at two geographical locations (supposedly Singapore and USA), the person would win the competition. If no satisfactory entry were received after a stipulated date, the best entry would be considered for winning the prize after the deadline.

See an externally linked topic on "MAXWELL AND FARADAY".

 

 

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Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses based on the unheard-of UVS model, are bounded to have shortcomings, loose ends, and errors. Many details and assumptions of its propositions established in the conceptual frameworks of UVS, have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or proven. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the topics presented in the UVS worldview, and any term or statement if offensive in any manner or whatsoever is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Inevitably for whatsoever reasons, some viewing devices at times could experience data corruption for text, disorganized content layouts, missing images, failed animations, and some external links might have had ceased to exist. The presentations of the web pages are not friendly to small mobile devices, it is therefore recommended to accessed and view the UVS contents with a system device that has a larger screen, such as personal computer, android tablet, or iPad. For the best experience to explore UVS, it is better to use a MS Windows based PC or device using Internet Explorer or Firefox installed with Java that works for its interactive applets. (Such as Java Applet of Moiré pattern, JPL Small-Body Database Browser, and Planet Finder.)

Copyright information: This UVS web site is for non-profit purposes and not for commercial use. Wherever possible, direct credits to the origin of the work or images were provided, be it on fair dealing, with explicit permission from their owners, or the materials were believed to be in the public domain. In instances for which any external material has any issue, kindly advise for its proper.