Universal Vortical Singularity enlightenment on jet streams
See a UVS topic on "Overviews of UVS" that elaborates on the methodology for conducting qualitative evaluation of natural phenomena based on the UVS model.
Polar jet stream
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the two pairs of westerly jet streams roaming on surface of the troposphere of Earth, are formed by the polar vortex pair of tropopause and stratosphere. These two pairs of westerly jet streams at both polar regions are known as polar jet streams and subtropical jet streams. Jet streams roaming around the polar regions are formed cyclonically at the boundaries of warm and cold air around a polar region, and the boundaries of warm and cold air on surface of troposphere is caused by sunken stratosphere that has filled the void of vortex column.
See a UVS topic on "Vortices of Jupiter" that illustrates how jet streams are driven by their polar vortices to forms as cloud bands.
Polar jet streams
Based on the UVS model, the phenomenon of polar jet stream is a vortrex impelled by a high altitude polar vortex at a most pressurized bottom section that is smallest in diameter for vortex column with the highest wind speed, this section is sunken as furrow on the surface of a lower atmosphere that has bounced upward vortically. This is a momentum culmination of vortical dynamics in the viscous matter, in closed streamlines as a meandering torus shape structure the high speed jet stream has a lift that vortically flow in a loop perpetually.
For the image on right, the solid blue lines and broken grey lines represent the streamlines. The red arrows show the direction and magnitude of the flow velocity. These arrows are tangential to the streamline. The group of streamlines enclose the green curves (C1 and C2) to form a streamtube. - Text and graphic for closed streamlines are excerpts from Wikipedia on streamlines.
This is the force dynamics with an updraft and a horizontal momentum that are compressed within a boundary where commercial aircraft capitalizes to save fuel for trans-Atlantic and trans-Pacific flight, this is also how trans-oceanic hot air balloon and glider fly by finding the updraft in a jet stream.
From the UVS perspective, polar jet streams are manifested in the nested atmospheric layers, and they are impelled by the nested vortex to vortically manifest around a polar axis. The smaller inner loop at polar region, known as the polar jet stream, is supposedly the vortrex of the tropopause polar vortex, while the larger loop at subtropical region, known as subtropical jet stream, is supposedly the vortrex of the stratosphere polar vortex.
The polar vortex of Earth is a global scale clear air cyclonic storm, and it vortically impels a meandering jet stream around it.
The bottom section of unisonal vortex is where momentum culmination of vortical forces is at its peak, it is where the discharging of vortex energy is at its maximum. The air pressure, angular momentum and wind speed are at their highest with radius at its smallest at the bottom of a vortex column, therefore radial force of the vortex is at its maximum there. This culminated vortical force of a vortex is bounced on impacting an atmospheric surface and therefore is vortically pushed out and forms as a vortrex.
Graphic illustration for closed streamlines
Glider flies by finding the lift in a jet stream
In the UVS worldview, a tornado cluster can be impelled by a jet stream to manifest at resonated location.
See a UVS topic on "Tornado Alley" for further elaboration on how a tornado cluster can be impelled by a jet stream.
qualitatively predicts that a polar jet stream
is the vortrex at a bottom section of its nested polar vortex flowing in closed
streamlines at high speed in a loop.
UVS qualitatively predicts that polar jet stream with significant differences in temperature at the boundaries of adjacent air masses is as a result of a higher atmosphere has sunk into the void of vortex column.
While the mechanisms of jet stream latitude shift are not fully understood with convention knowledge, UVS could qualitatively illustrates that the phenomenon of jet stream shift is caused by the circumstantial variations of its polar vortex column with different intensity; jet stream and its polar vortex function as a unisonal vortical system.
See an external link for the topic on "A Shift Toward Aridity" that reports on shifting of jet stream.
UVS qualitatively predicts that the shifting of jet stream latitude is caused by the intensity variations of its polar vortex.
Subtropical jet stream
From the UVS perspective, subtropical jet stream is a phenomenon of energy discharging as vortrex at just below the surface of troposphere caused by the polar vortex of the stratosphere. Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the main axis for this polar vortex of stratosphere is from Earth rotation, and secondary axis is from revolving Earth that drives the polar vortex.
If a Solar System alignment has focused precession effects at winter night when Moon is also aligned with Sun, the jet stream would have the most intensity with highest wind speed.
See UVS topics on "The causality of deserts" that elaborate on how subtropical deserts were caused by the subtropical jet stream, and "A typical arrangement of Solar System objects that could trigger a terrestrial free vortex" for further elaboration.
The satellite image on right shows a meandering nested polar vortex that has occurred on various atmospheric layers at the northern hemisphere with its satellite vortex formed.
From the UVS perspective, an easterly jet stream is a phenomenon of energy discharging as vortrex at the surface of troposphere, caused by an anti-cyclonic satellite vortex of the tropopause polar vortex in Northern hemisphere. The vortex driving force is from a subtropical jet streams at the caved-in portion of the dual-core polar vortex of tropopause.
This driving force causes the satellite vortex of tropopause to spin in a clockwise direction as an anti-cyclone. After the vortex has gathered enough strength, its vortex eye would open. Coupled by rotation of Earth, the air stream of the high speed spinning satellite vortex at its southern side could easily reach jet stream classification, which has to have a ground speed of more than 111 km/h.
Satellite image of a nested polar vortex
See a UVS subtopic on "The hexagonal-like cloud structure of Saturn" that illustrates a similar tri-core polar vortex on Saturn.
easterly - A storm or wind coming from the east, toward the west; westwardly.
westerly - A storm or wind coming from the west, toward the east; eastwardly.
Gliders - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jet stream - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jet streams on Earth and Jupiter - SPACE.com
Streamlines - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Centripetal force and its calculator - HyperPhysics
Image of Earth's jet streams - NASA
Earth's atmosphere Chart - NASA
Image of polar vortex on northern hemisphere - Science Daily
Image of wake vortices of aircraft - SPIE
Disclaimers: As far as the mainstream modern physics is concerned, the above revolutionary discoveries and conjectures based on the unheard-of hypothesis of Universal Vortical Singularity with its paradigm shift are unconventional. Also the evaluation of the uncharted at fundamental stage might not be thoroughly covered, bound to have shortcomings, loose ends and errors, many details and assumptions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or proven. Many of the implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the topics presented in the UVS worldview, any term or statement if offensive in any manner or whatsoever is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Some external links might cease to exist, and some web browsers were reported to have displayed with data corruption for text, disorganized images and some animations did not work, it is recommended to view the contents from UVS web pages with Windows Internet Explorer.
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