on the UVS
model, the two pairs of westerly jet streams roaming on surface of
the troposphere of Earth, are formed by the nested polar vortex pair of
tropopause and stratosphere around its nested vortex column.
Jet streams roaming around the polar regions are formed cyclonically at the boundaries of warm and cold air around a polar region, and the boundaries of warm and cold air on surface of troposphere are caused by sunken stratosphere that has filled the void in the nested polar vortex column.
From the UVS perspective, polar jet streams are manifested in the nested atmospheric layers, and they are impelled by the nested vortex to vortically manifest around a polar axis. The smaller inner loop at polar region, known as the polar jet streams, is the vortrex of the tropopause polar vortex, and the larger loop at subtropical region, known as subtropical jet streams, is supposedly the vortrex of the stratosphere polar vortex.
Polar jet streams
The cognitive paradox that renders jet stream as mysterious phenomenon was thus meticulously resolved with its undulating mechanism illuminated.
Based on the unisonal vortex mechanism, the phenomenon of polar jet stream is a vortrex impelled by a high altitude polar vortex at a most pressurized bottom section that is smallest in diameter for vortex column with the highest wind speed. This bottom section of the vortrex vortically push-in to sink as furrow on the surface of a lower atmosphere, and then vortically reflects upward to form as closed streamlines. This is a momentum culmination of vortical dynamics in the viscous matter medium, in closed streamlines as a meandering torus shape structure, the high speed jet stream vortically flow in a loop and has a lifting effect.
The fact that a polar jet stream is manifested by its polar vortex as can be empirically observed with its cognitive paradox resolved, is a qualitative proof that the polar jet stream is a sub-structure of its atmospheric polar vortex.
UVS qualitatively predicts that a polar jet stream is the vortrex at a bottom section of its nested polar vortex flowing in closed streamlines at high speed in a loop.
For the image on right, the solid blue lines and broken grey lines represent the streamlines. The red arrows show the direction and magnitude of the flow velocity. These arrows are tangential to the streamline. The group of streamlines enclose the green curves (C1 and C2) to form a streamtube. - Text and graphic for closed streamlines are excerpts from Wikipedia on streamlines.
This is the force dynamics with an updraft and a horizontal momentum that are compressed within a boundary where commercial aircraft capitalizes to save fuel for trans-Atlantic and trans-Pacific flight, this is also how trans-oceanic hot air balloon and glider fly by finding the updraft in a jet stream.
In the UVS worldview, the polar vortex of Earth is a global scale clear air cyclonic storm, and it vortically impels a meandering jet stream around it. And a tornado cluster can be impelled by the jet stream to manifest tornadoes at resonated locations.
Graphic illustration for closed streamlines
Glider flies by finding the lift in a jet stream
See UVS topics on "Vortices of Jupiter" that illustrates how jet streams are driven by their polar vortices to form as cloud bands, "Tornado" that elaborates on how a tornado cluster can be impelled by a polar jet stream, and "The causality of subtropical deserts" that elaborate on how subtropical deserts were caused by the subtropical jet stream with the Hadley cells it impels.
The bottom section of unisonal vortex is where momentum culmination of vortical forces is at its peak, it is where the discharging of vortex energy is at its maximum. The air pressure, angular momentum and wind speed are at their highest with radius at its smallest at the bottom of a vortex column, therefore radial force of the vortex is at its maximum there. This culminated vortical force of a vortex is bounced on impacting an atmospheric surface and therefore is vortically pushed out and forms as a vortrex.
UVS qualitatively predicts that polar jet stream with significant differences in temperature at the boundaries of adjacent air masses is as a result of sunken atmosphere in the vortex column.
The mechanisms of jet stream latitude shift are not fully understood with convention knowledge, UVS could qualitatively illustrates with inductive reasoning based on the UVS model that the phenomenon of jet stream shift is caused by the circumstantial variations of its polar vortex column with changed intensity. A jet stream and its polar vortex function as a unisonal vortical system, and its vortex eye can open wider to a lower latitude region when the polar vortex is intensified, or reduce in diameter to a higher latitude region when the polar vortex is weakened.
See an externally linked topic on "A Shift Toward Aridity" that reports on shifting of jet stream.
UVS qualitatively predicts that the shifting of jet stream latitude is caused by the intensity variations of its polar vortex.
Criteria: The undulating mechanism of a jet stream illuminated by its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observation that has been rendering it as a mysterious phenomenon. Thus, its cognitive paradox was meticulously resolved, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed with the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating on their empirical evidence with abductive reasoning to establish their qualitative predictions.
See a UVS topic on "Overviews of UVS" that elaborates on the methodology for conducting qualitative evaluation of natural phenomena based on the UVS model.
Subtropical jet stream
From the UVS perspective, subtropical jet stream is a phenomenon of energy discharging as vortrex at just below the surface of troposphere caused by the polar vortex of the stratosphere. Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the main axis for this polar vortex of stratosphere is from Earth rotation, and secondary axis is from revolving Earth that drives the polar vortex.
If a Solar System alignment has focused precession effects at winter night when Moon is also aligned with Sun, the jet stream would have the most intensity with highest wind speed.
See a UVS topic on "A typical arrangement of Solar System objects that could trigger a terrestrial free vortex" for further elaboration.
Earth atmosphere chart
Earth's jet streams
Easterly jet stream
From the UVS perspective, an easterly jet stream is a phenomenon of energy discharging as vortrex at the surface of troposphere, caused by an anti-cyclonic satellite vortex of the tropopause polar vortex in the Northern hemisphere. The driving force of the satellite vortex is from a subtropical jet streams culminated at the caved-in portion of the nested dual-core polar vortex of tropopause.
Satellite image of a nested polar vortex
This driving force causes the satellite vortex of tropopause to spin in a clockwise direction as an anti-cyclone. Coupled by rotation of Earth, the air stream of the high speed spinning satellite vortex at its southern side could easily reach jet stream classification, which has to have a ground speed of more than 111 km/h. And after the satellite vortex has gathered enough strength, its vortex eye could open to form a low pressure system vortex column.
See UVS topics on "The hexagonal-like cloud structure of Saturn" that illustrates a similar tri-core polar vortex on Saturn, and "Bermuda Triangle" that elaborate on how a manifested satellite clear air polar vortex can cause mysterious circumstance.
easterly - A storm or wind coming from the east, toward the west; westwardly.
westerly - A storm or wind coming from the west, toward the east; eastwardly.
Jet streams - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Gliders - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jet stream - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jet streams on Earth and Jupiter - SPACE.com
Streamlines - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Centripetal force and its calculator - HyperPhysics
Image of Earth's jet streams - NASA
Earth's atmosphere Chart - NASA
Image of polar vortex on northern hemisphere - Science Daily
Image of wake vortices of aircraft - SPIE
Disclaimers: As far as the mainstream modern physics is concerned, the above revolutionary discoveries and conjectures based on the unheard-of hypothesis of Universal Vortical Singularity with its paradigm shift are unconventional. Also the evaluation of the uncharted at fundamental stage might not be thoroughly covered, bound to have shortcomings, loose ends and errors, many details and assumptions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or proven. Many of the implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the topics presented in the UVS worldview, any term or statement if offensive in any manner or whatsoever is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Some external links might cease to exist, and some web browsers were reported to have displayed with data corruption for text, disorganized images and some animations did not work, it is recommended to view the contents from UVS web pages with Windows Internet Explorer.
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