The basic unisonal vortex mechanism with centrifugal forces exerted primarily from two axes interacting in a geometric push-in gravity field on a suspended nested spheroid with viscous matter that wobbles in a two-axis spin, is universal from cosmic scale to subatomic scale, be it acting on viscous matter in different state of matter, such as Bose-Einstein condensate, plasma, gas, liquid or molten matter with different density, viscosity and characteristic in their generalization.
In the UVS worldview, these different types of viscous matter weave in vortical spin fusion by aether vortical motion are collections of vortically coalesced subatomic particles with varying properties in homogeneous molecular clusters that exist universally, and have dynamic similarity in fluid principles, mechanically and electromagnetically.
See UVS topics on "Vortices of Jupiter" that illustrates how atmospheric vortices are formed in precession effects on this gaseous planet that rotates on its own axis and vortically revolves around the Sun, "Tidal bore" that illustrates the precession effect on Earth during equinoxes, and "Orbit of satellites" that illustrates satellite path are in fact vortical motion.
The animation of a planetary model as shown on right is for illustrating the mechanism of a two-axis spin that has the potential to spawn unisonal vortex. The centrifugal forces from two axes interaction of the smaller suspended grey spinning spheroid, is primarily caused by the unisonal vortex mechanism that acts on the viscous matter medium, manifested by rotating and revolving around the bigger suspended cyan spheroid; this result in its torque-free precession that could resonate to spawn unisonal vortex. And if the precession of the rotational axis of the grey spheroid is considered, it is in fact undergoing a three-axis spin.
Unisonal vortex is a vortically warped surface conserves
density in the form of
nothingness that emerges naturally in a medium with negative pressure, it
is manifested from a single point of zero volume by torque-free
precession with vortical motion acting on viscous matter. It has a wobbling
center of equilibrium that is stretched by a persistent driving force applied
horizontally along the surface with an angular momentum, and thus in a stabilized
vortex column is elongated as a dual-core structure that extends and expands
from the center of equilibrium toward the surface, and this follows approximately
the principle of inverse-square
law with its vortical effect encapsulated in negative pressure of its
See a section on " Unisonal vortex characteristics", and a UVS topic on "Do an interactive experiment to understand the effects of torque-free precession".
Unisonal vortex forms in a medium of viscous matter as a material nothingness of vortical void on a suspended nested spheroid in precession, this is as a result of the persistent fictitious forces was perpetually generated in a torque-induced precession on the suspended spheroid that its effect has differentially amplified in the medium of viscous matter. In a geometric push-in gravity field, the medium of viscous matter on the suspended spheroid primarily wobbles orthogonally in a two-axis spin.
The orthogonal spinning motion of a suspended nested spheroid in its rotation on a revolving path would resonate with persistent torque-free precession interacting in its medium of viscous matter, and through conservation of angular momentum coupling in a differential manner, the viscous matter on the wobbling spheroid is dilated from the core by vortically pushing towards the surface. And in an inside-out manner, the effects are then amplified more enormously in the lower density medium of viscous matter on outer layers of the nested spheroid. This would initiate the formation of unisonal vortex by opening the vortex eye and forms the vortex column paradoxically in an outside-in manner from the surface by vortically pushing towards its core. With culminated angular momentum that vortically pushes in viscous matter towards the core, it thus vortically pushes out a vortrex in a folded back manner.
interaction of fictitious
vortically exerting on the medium of viscous matter
within the vortically suspended celestial spheroid with centrifugal
forces on two primary axes interacting
persistently in a geometric push-in gravity field
with vortical motion and precess in complex manners (such
as differential rotation and invisibility
factors that negates), the
of unisonal vortex therefore has a
paradoxical effect of
phenomena affected by unisonal vortex to be intermingled with cognitive
to be under delusions,
and therefore natural phenomena have always rendered as wonders under
different delusive circumstances. These delusively
are caused by cognitive paradoxes,
and they are counterintuitive, mysterious, confusing and paradoxically
knowing the paradoxical effect of nature, it enlightens on
how nature does wonders in a delusory inverse manner.” - UVS inspired
Schematic illustrated is a tendency for the vortical force dynamics of a dominant unisonal vortex; when subjected to inertia forces from unisonal vortex mechanism interweaving in two basic structural formations that forms unisonal vortices in a manner of progressive vortical harmonic series with vortical spokes and vortical spiral arms.
The surface of viscous matter in a suspended spheroid primarily wobbles in a two-axis spin would form with a tendency of the progressive vortical fractal arrangements, manifested within a dominant unisonal vortex that forms harmonic vortices of all sizes at different angular phases, in progressive series of vorticity towards infinities and infinitesimalities for all vortices.
Unisonal vortex is always optimized for its most complex tendency in its simplest form through its path of least resistance.
Through a dominant unisonal vortex, many generations of harmonic vortices and interrelated unisonal vortices could be formed with this tendency by having dilated outwardly and nested inwardly in a progressive vortical fractal arrangements in naturally occurred phenomena caused by the mechanism of unisonal vortex.
steady-state physical structures are vortically consolidated viscous matters
in different states and are held stable by a self-perpetuating vortical motion.” - UVS inspired
The vortical characteristic can be observed in the atmospheric vortices of Jupiter with a chain of satellite vortices that have formed around a rim of a polar vortex, the Cartwheel galaxy has also strongly demonstrated this characteristic, Mars' Victoria crater demonstrated this vortical characteristic in remnants of a hypothetical vortex of molten matter, Corona loops of a sunspot displayed this characteristic in an intriguing manner that a higher surface seems to have warped and sunk into the void of a sunspot's vortex column. Galaxy M81, Earth's tropical cyclone, aurora , oceanic whirlpool have also shown overlapping harmonic vortices revolving around their main vortex with spiral arm structures.
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, it has comprehensively explained cosmic evolution and elucidates on how those theories for gravity in conventional knowledge were based on misconceptions. In the UVS worldview, the manifestations of the fundamental interactions, arise from the same origin in a vortical universe by its aether vortical motion of a nested inviscid hypersphere of a 3-sphere system with 137 extremely energetic vortical spheroids.
This resolves the cognitive paradox of gravitational force and clarifies the general relativity concept of gravity, and this natural force of universe thought as not fully understood, has been fundamentally misled by its delusively inversed illusion, which is rendered by the paradoxical effect of nature. Heuristically, the four fundamental forces of nature are thus qualitatively unified with the UVS model.
The primary mechanism of unisonal vortex is illustrated below and it elaborates in the UVS worldview on how an atmospheric polar vortex is formed.
In the UVS worldview, a polar free vortex manifested in the viscous matter medium of a vortically suspended celestial spheroid, is impelled by a larger vortical system that undulates the entire Solar System.
See a UVS subtopic on "Heliosphere" that elaborates on how the Sun is impelled by its spheroidal unisonal vortex that encapsulates it.
Using the standard perspective with North Pole at the top, taking this top view, it can be visualised that Earth rotates in counter-clockwise direction, and its revolving path around the Sun is also in counter-clockwise direction. As a matter of fact, Earth is a suspended spheroid with nested layers of viscous matter that primarily wobbles on these two axes when spinning, and the subtle spinning movements of Earth in its rotation on a revolving path have persistent fictitious forces manifested in its torque-induced precession effect.
And with conservation of angular momentum coulping in a differential manner, the torque-induced precession that have exerted on the mass center of the wobbling Earth, is conserved as a torque-free precession to resonate in the nested layers of viscous matter.
The atmosphere is flatter and thinner at the poles, is bulged and thicker at the equator, this oblate spheroidal shape is as a result of centrifugal force from Earth rotation on this axis, the dominating tidal force of the Moon would elongates the nested oblate spheroidal atmospheres of Earth to become nested ellipsoidal atmospheres. This rotation axis is the main axis of unisonal vortex mechanism for a polar vortex.
Do a thought experiment as illustrated above, imagine the Earth's surface of northern hemisphere is being flattened, in a manner maintaining the distance between the surface of Earth and the surface of atmosphere. From this perspective referencing to the flattened surface of Earth, we can conceptually visualize that the atmosphere has a parabolic shape structure, explicitly, this is a forced vortex with a center of equilibrium at a geological pole (See vortex definitions); this is a forced vortex.
The atmospheric surface on a hemisphere optically has a convex surface, in a geometrical reality it has a concave surface. On the atmospheric surface of a conceptually flattened Earth, the two geological poles at highest latitudes in geometric vector are the two points with lowest potential energy, and on the equator plane at zero latitude, the surface of the atmosphere is geometrically on a rim of the forced vortex with highest potential energy; this is a paradoxical effect caused cognitive paradox that was rendered in a delusory inverse manner.
With its delusional observation elucidated, the cognitive paradox was meticulously resolved, and this revealed the underlying mechanism that manifest a polar vortex. The fact that the apparently convex atmospheric surface around the polar axis is actually a concave atmospheric surface that rotates with the two-axis spin of the Earth, is a qualitative proof for polar vortex is manifested with the precession effect of the Earth.
Note: Ever since this cognitive paradox was resolved on 5th May 2007, the author in its awakening had first experienced an explosion of revolutionary discoveries.
UVS qualitatively predicts that a polar vortex is a nested atmospheric free vortex manifested on the polar axis with the precession effect of the Earth.
Criteria: The underlying mechanism of polar vortex illuminated by its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observation that renders its misconceptions. Thus, its cognitive paradoxes could be meticulously resolved, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed with the conceptual frameworks of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating on their empirical evidence with abductive reasoning to establish their qualitative predictions.
See a UVS topic on "Overviews of UVS" that elaborates on the methodology for conducting qualitative evaluation of natural phenomena based on the UVS model.
In summary, these are the primary forces of unisonal vortex mechanism that forms a cyclonic atmospheric polar vortex on Earth with its precession effect:
See a UVS topic on "A cyclonic motion experiment" that elucidates on the cyclonic motion is externally transferred to the Earth to impel free vortices resonated on Earth.
have often made the hypothesis that ultimately physics will not require a mathematical
that in the end the machinery will be revealed and the laws will turn out to be simple.” - Richard Fenyman
From the UVS perspective, this is the causality for the mysterious mechanism on how cyclones and sunspots are drawn towards their geological poles by centripetal force manifested on a surface with potential gradient. Ironically, the Earth has to be conceptually flattened to visualing its delusively inversed illusion for solving the mystery. The lower latitude atmospheric vortex moving towards the polar center is in a way like a spinning top moving down a slope on a tilted and rotating platform. The inertial force is caused by relative potential difference in a geometric gravity field on a parabolic structured atmospheric surface; this has an inertial effect for a lower latitude atmospheric vortex laid on a surface with potential gradient. This relative potential difference in a geometric push-in gravity field of Earth would generate a net inertial force on the lower latitude atmospheric vortex (such as cyclone) with consolidated air mass, and draws the vortex from a relatively higher potential in the geometrically parabolic shape atmospheric structure to a relative lower potential point towards the geological pole. This effect causes tropical cyclone to be drawn toward a center of equilibrium at the polar region; it is not a directly applied force that pushes the atmospheric vortex toward its polar region.
UVS qualitatively predicts that a lower latitude atmospheric vortex is drawn towards its polar region by its polar forced vortex with a potentially concaved surface manifested on the atmospheric layer.
The forced vortex formed in nested layers of viscous matter on Earth driven by centrifugal force that is caused by rotation of Earth in a differential rotation,would rotate in clockwise direction at northern hemisphere on a reference frame fixed with the rotating Earth viewing it from the top of North Pole, and rotates in counter-clockwise direction at souther hemisphere in a reference frame viewing it from the top of South Pole. On an external reference frame observed from outside of Earth, the force vortex would appear to be cyclonically rotating in the same direction with the rotation of Earth that drags in a lagging manner.
The revolving Earth has a centrifugal force exerted from its revolving axis, its tangential forces acted on different point in the primary forced vortex on Earth would result a persistent differential force that drives this primary forced vortex from the surface in the nested layers of viscous matter medium. This revolving axis is the secondary axis of a unisonal vortex mechanism for a polar vortex. Earth revolves around the Sun in orbit on a revolving axis has a parallel revolution axis on Earth that is tipped over at an angle of 23.5° from the rotating axis, this subjects polar vortex to seasonal variations.
The conceptualized parabolic shape atmosphere on either hemisphere held by gravity is subjected to tangential force of a centrifugal force acting from this secondary axis on Earth's revolving axis tilted at an angle from the rotating axis. The revolving movement of Earth has a angular momentum interacting in the atmospheric mass in the path of movement. This angular momentum in the nested layers of viscous matter medium is weakest at the side of Earth nearer to Sun and strongest at the far side from Sun.
The result is a net angular momentum in the viscous matter medium that moves horizontally on the surface of the forced vortex toward the east, and manifest as a differential force that drives the forced vortex at far side from the Sun in the direction of the rotation of Earth.
This net angular momentum interacts with the geometric push-in gravity field of Earth and regresses in the forced vortex, and thus manifested in the atmospheric medium as centripetal force that push viscous matter in a center seeking manner; this mechanism transforms the forced vortex into a dominant free vortex; i.e. unisonal vortex.
This net horizontal westerly force interacts in a geometric push-in gravity field of Earth on the surface of the parabolic structured atmosphere will cause air mass at northern hemisphere to cyclonically spin in counter clockwise direction in a center seeking manner. In a stronger torque-induced precession seasonally, when cohesion force of air molecules in the nested atmospheric layers of viscous matter are overcome by centrifugal force in a spinning action, at the center of equilibrium, a vortex eye would open. And a vortical chain reaction will then occur to form the vortex column until formation of the cyclonic free vortex is peaked. These are the primary force dynamics of unisonal vortex mechanism that forms a polar vortex.
Image on right is a wooden bowl that can spin on its base, this can be used to simulate how centrifugal force in a rotating reference frame would cause a vortex eye to open radially in viscous matter when subjected to rotation in a confinement.
Put some beads or pour a shallow layer of water into the bowl, then spin the bowl hard for a fast and steady rotation therefore the beads or water within would recede to consolidate as a ring around the circular wall along the inner circumference of the bowl. The hollowed out space previously occupied by the layer of still water or beads would be displaced with lighter density air that is compressed from above.
See a thermal-mechanics effect of unisonal vortex on how the mechanism has involved as the cause and the effect in driving the clear air unisonal vortex in self-perpetual motion with positive feedback loop under permisible circumstances that keep its vortical form steady.
A bowl that can spin
From the UVS perspective, the phenomena of large electric currents and magnetic storm associated with the polar vortex are caused by vortical activities; a magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) dynamo effect on bipolar molecules charged in the vortex column on a high intensity spinning vortex wall in the medium of viscous matter. Note: A MHD dynamo has three requirements - a conducting viscous matter, rotation, and convection.
From the relativistic point of view for the mechanism of lower latitude unisonal vortex, it can be perceived that the geodetic effect from a strongly focused gravitational force of aligned Solar System objects, would cause Earth's atmosphere to be formed as a geometric structure of an ellipsoid, manifesting as the tidal effect. In geometric vector quantities, this is an elongated bipolar forced vortex pair; a spheroidal forced vortex.
This bipolar force vortex pair is then angularly impelled by the frame-dragging effect of the rotating Earth in its precession effect, and subjected to local circumstances, a resonated forced vortex can be impelled by the frame-dragging effect to transform it to become a free vortex system.
Atmospheric effects of polar vortex
For the UVS perspective, the cold core phenomenon of polar vortex from mid to top section of stratosphere is as a result of sunken mesosphere has filled the void in the vortex column.
And the polar climate is largely as a result of a polar vortex has vortically dispersed troposphere in the nested vortex column, rendered by the freezing tropopause is being lowered to around the ground level.
UVS qualitatively predicts that polar climate is significantly caused by vortically dispersed atmospheric layers in the vortex column of a polar vortex.
For the UVS perspective, the polar vortex of stratosphere with its vortex column manifested within the boundary of the subtropical jet stream, is the causality for the subtropical climate.
UVS qualitatively predicts subtropical climate is primarily caused by the polar vortex of stratosphere with its vortex column manifested within the boundary of the subtropical jet stream.
On a summer's day in southern hemisphere rendered by the axis tilt of a perihelion Earth with a perigee new moon, at land regions near the equator with the thickest atmospheric layers pushed out by the aligned Sun-Moon tidal forces, and by the subtropical jet steam of a polar vortex that opens more toward the equator to push out the atmosphere, thus maximizing its greenhouse effect with the atmospheric layers are thicker at nearer the equator, can rationally explain why those land regions are the warmest places on Earth.
An Earth's atmosphere chart showing its temperature distribution
With lesser dragging effect of landmass at the South Pole, the Antarctica polar vortex would be more intensified than the Arctic polar vortex for lowering and displacing the troposphere with freezing tropopause layer in its vortex column. Therefore, on a winter's night rendered by the axis tilt of an aphelion Earth, with the high altitude continent of the Antarctica, the polar vortex is most intensified by a perigee full moon during the lunar opposition that causes its vortex column in the troposphere to widely open, can rationally explain why Antarctica is the coldest place on Earth.
See UVS subtopics on "Other vortical phenomena of the Sun" that elucidates on how the extreme climates of Earth can be caused by a vortical mechanism, "The causality of tidal force" that elaborates on atmospheric tidal force with push-in gravity effect, and "The interactions of isotropic push-in gravity in the superior and inferior conjunction of Sun, Jupiter and Saturn" that also elaborates on the barycenter effects of Sun, Earth and Moon.
See video clips on "NASA | South Up Moon Phase & Libration 2013" and "NASA | Moon Phase and Libration South Up 2014" that show in both years, when Earth was near aphelion in July, Moon in both events were at a nearest distance (near perigee) from the Earth during the lunar oppositions.
From the UVS perspective, a polar vortex column of troposphere widened by precession effect, can cause polar climate to extend nearer to the equator.
See an externally linked report on "U.S. Midwest, Northeast hit by bitter cold temperatures" that reported on how a widened polar vortex of North Pole were causing cold climate further South.
From the UVS perspective, if the Solar System alignment has focused precession effects in a winter night at the northern hemisphere during the perihelion of Earth with a new moon also aligned, the combined tidal forces of Sun and Moon can significantly decrease the altitude of the atmospheric layers at focal point. And with the lowered altitude, the atmosphere with reduced air mass and volume drawn away by focused tidal forces, a torque-free precession in a shallower and less denser atmosphere could easily form a polar vortex with larger diameter vortex column.
UVS qualitatively predicts polar vortex that can be significantly affected by a focused torque-induced precession of the Solar System alignment effect.
Evident from a polar vortex study by empirical observation suggests that the North Pole Arctic polar vortex of stratosphere is a tri-core polar vortex embedded to Earth's rotation, these could be rendered by the precession effects of Sun, Earth and Moon. And the dragging effects of landmass would have caused its meandering shape boundary and reduces it intensity, it therefore does not have a prominent opened-through vortex column.
UVS qualitatively predicts that the Arctic polar vortex is embedded to Earth's rotation by the dragging effects of landmass.
The South Pole polar vortex of stratosphere at the Antarctica as observed has an elongated dual-core vortex eye, evidently, this free vortex wobbles in synchronization with the Earth-Moon precession cycles.
Indubitably, Moon orbiting around Earth can perturb the polar vortex, thus creating an auxiliary action that wobbles the Earth in a lunar cycle. A web site by NASA shows an animation of the Antarctica Ozone Hole monitored by a satellite over a two months period, this is a scientific evidence for interplanetary tidal force from Moon could interact with the atmospheric polar vortex of the Earth. The fact that Antarctica polar vortex is subjected to its Earth-Moon precession cycles as empirically observed, is a qualitative proof that the motion of the Moon perturbs the Antarctica polar vortex.
Note: The elongated ozone hole on fixated South Pole satellite images has rotated in clockwise direction and made two cycles was coincided with Moon revolved around Earth twice during that two months period in the Earth-Moon precession cycles.
UVS qualitatively predicts that Antarctica Polar Vortex wobbles in synchronization with the Earth-Moon precession cycles.
See a UVS topic on "Polar jet streams" that elaborates on some effects of the bipolar polar vortex pair.
|These images show the polar vortices of Sun, some planets and a star.|
Lower latitude unisonal vortex
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, for large cyclonic free vortex that is formed on a lower latitude that spawns as tropical cyclone, subtropical cyclone or supercell, the main axis of unisonal vortex mechanism is at a center of equilibrium caused by a force acting at an angle from the surface plane that in a turbulence has developed as a centrifugal force in the air mass to form a parabolic shape depressed structure on the atmospheric surface; a forced vortex.
This vortical force could be rendered by an external perturbation of focused precession effects from aligned planets in a Solar System alignment that exerts on the atmosphere of Earth with its effects of torque-induced precession, or from a force in the path of a centrifugal force of a larger clear air vortex such as a jet stream of a polar vortex, or the effect of both.
The secondary axis is from Earth's rotation with its centrifugal force interacting with Earth's geometric push-in gravity field that drives the forced vortex with a net momentum as a persistent horizontal force acting on the surface of the forced vortex at a side nearer to the equator.
A tropical cyclone (Hurricane/Typhoon)
See UVS topics on "Tropical cyclone", "Supercell, tropical storm and thunderstorm", "The causality of subtropical deserts", "A typical arrangement of Solar System objects that could trigger a terrestrial free vortex", and "Vortices of Jupiter" for more illustrations.
The vortex and vortrex definitions of UVS:
The phenomenon of a whirling viscous matter.
The plural of vortex.
|nested vortex, or vortexes||
For this Universal Vortical Singularity research, it is referred to the vortices formed on different sheet layers with different vorticities separated in their pauses that are sharing a common vortical column, and are governed by the vortical force dynamics of a unisonal vortex; a nested vortex. Image on right is an aurora manifested in a nested unisonal vortex with its vortices segregated on several atmospheric layers.
Free vortex - A spinning
funnel shape depressed structure of a warped surface formed in a medium
with a force drawing the viscous matter in a vortical movement to the
bottom at the center, may or may not have a vortex eye. Unisonal vortex,
satellite vortex of unisonal vortex, atmospheric vortex in the form of
tornado and flame
vortex, liquid vortex in the form whirlpool
are free vortices. Could be naturally occurred or artificially made cyclonic
or anti-cyclonic vortex.
illustration of a
Blind vortex - A spinning curved cone shape depression on surface of a viscous matter formed in a turbulence by a persistent force acting along the surface with horizontal and vertical component, this is a free vortex without an opened vortex eye. Tropical depression, some weaker storms, clear air turbulence and weaker cells are in this category. It could also be interpreted as a free vortex that its vortex wall has not penetrated through the medium of viscous matter.
Blind free vortex structure
Forced vortex structure
Animated spheroidal vortex
See UVS topics on "Vortical universe model of UVS" that illustrates the examples of spheroidal vortex in natural phenomena, and "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on the mechanism of spheroidal vortex and how the boundaries in a spheroidal vortex with nested torus-shaped structure are vortically manifested.
Vortical fractals - The observed fractals of unisonal vortex, in its peculiarities such as the fictitious vortical force dynamics and its vortical motion. These peculiarities include the various types of unisonal vortex structure, the torus-shaped structure of a spheroidal unisonal vortex, the vortex eye, the vortex column, the furrows of vortical spokes, the furrows of spiral arms, the hollowed out void in a vortical column, the perpetual circular motion in a center seeking manner on a disc-shaped warped surface, has spiraling motion and offspring satellite vortices. The vortical fractals of a unisonal vortex also include the peculiarities of a free vortex with an elongated dual-core formation, its vortrex, the viscous matter that wobbles in a two-axis spin in a suspended spheroid where a unisonal vortex is formed, a chain of satellite vortices formed harmonically around a dominant unisonal vortex in a ring, its fictitious entity that emerges in a state of viscous matter, its spheroidal vortex features such as nested shell layers, shell boundaries and et al. The presence of a unisonal vortex could be inferred by identifying its peculiarities; its unique characteristics. These characteristics in other homogenous forms can also relate to each other that eventually infer the presence of a unisonal vortex through inductive reasoning based on the UVS model.
The vortrex definitions of UVS:
|An outgoing opposite balancing vortical interactions of unisonal vortex in a reversed pushing out vortical column in the medium of viscous matter.|
|The plural of vortrex.|
|Nested vortrex, or vortrexes||
|For this Universal Vortical Singularity research, it is referred to the vortrices formed on different sheet layers with different vorticities separated in their pauses that are sharing a common vortical column and are governed by the vortical force dynamics of a vortrex; a nested vortrex.|
Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the pair of asymmetrical protoplanetary disks (right image in green glow) and the red stellar jets are the vortrices of a nested polar vortex pair of its young star, and the dust devil is induced by its nested vortrex.
Unisonal vortex characteristics
vortex emerges through vortical motion from a single point of zero volume at
a center of equilibrium in a state of viscous matter.
Unisonal vortex self-perpetual motion in a cyclical manner is caused by precession effect.
Unisonal vortex is formed by vibrations with resonance frequencies in a state of viscous matter with manifested torque-free precession.
Unisonal vortex is the dynamics of fictitious force interaction in a state of viscous matter.
Unisonal vortex has a steady-state form as void in viscous matter.
Unisonal vortex is an entity of material nothingness.
Unisonal vortex is the oneness of its offsprings in a nothingness.
Unisonal vortex is a warped surface of viscous matter.
Unisonal vortex has a fictitious form in vortically stabilized state.
Unisonal vortex has no volume in geometrical reality in its emergence as a warped surface of viscous matter.
Unisonal vortex has a form with no mass but has mass effect.
Unisonal vortex of an inviscid universal medium experiences no resistance and thus has infinite vorticities.
Unisonal vortex does not really exist physically but its transformable apparent existence in a cyclical manner will never cease with its potential of a nothingness.
Unisonal vortex is a nothingness that begets everything with the characteristics of infinities and infinitesimalities with physical limits.
Unisonal vortex has the tendency of infinite harmonic vortices that dilate toward infinities and nest toward infinitesimalities with physical limits.
Unisonal vortex vortically carries vortically coalesced matters for distribution by dilating from the core and consolidates by seeking toward the core.
Unisonal vortex is a fictitious portal that balances built up energy with a circulation process within the viscous matter by vortically tunneling through the vacuum.
Unisonal vortex is a universal power generator that is fictitiously created in the physical reality by nature naturally.
Unisonal vortex does work perpetually through conservation of angular momentum with fictitious forces consistently generated from potential in the nothingness.
Unisonal vortex is always potentially optimized with its most complex tendency for its physical shapes.
Unisonal vortex is always potentially reduced to its simplest possible form towards material nothingness in the physical reality.
Unisonal vortex approximately follows the principle of inverse-square law.
Unisonal vortex is homogeneous in a vortical paradigm.
Unisonal vortex has duality characteristics.
Unisonal vortex is mysteriously paradoxical in the observable universe.
physical existences are weaved in vortical motion;
nothing physical in nature is not vortical.” - UVS inspired
Electromagnetic field is categorically not a physical object, yet this masslessness phenomenon of nothingness could exert physical pressure on physical objects in its path; this is an example of a natural phenomenon of nothingness that is a physically discernible something in nature.
See externally linked topics on "Gauge invariant" that elaborates on different configurations of underlying fields that are not themselves directly observable but result in identical observable quantities, "Electromagnetic spectrum" and "Electromagnetic radiation" that elaborate on how energy and momentum in electromagnetic field could interact with matter.
Note: It has to be clarified that the fictitious form, void and nothingness referred here has no apparent existence within a defined state in physical reality; no space is absolutely void. In the UVS worldview, energy in an all-pervasive universal medium is postulated to have transferred through vortical motion from one state that is non-material (by definition, e.g. motion in precession/vibration/wave function), into another state of matter that is perceived to have a physical form; the laws of conservation of energy prevail and are not violated. This nothingness does not equate to absolute nothing; it is in a defined state for physical reality with its assumptions then the nothingness is treated as absolute nothing. Our perceptions are always in the circumstances of inherently limited bandwidths that preconceive physical reality that has relevancy within these perceivable bandwidths.
'... a brilliant treatise that credibly extends modern human scientific knowledge and awareness of "How The Universe And Everything In It Truly Works".' - Dr. Wayne Nowland, physicist, researcher, philosopher and author, planned and launched Australia's first AUSSAT communications satellite system, Feb 2014.
“Objectively speaking, even in its present mostly qualitative form, UVS makes a significant contribution to the discovery of spiral nature of the universe. No person holds a complete truth about the nature of the universe, and UVS brings attention of scientists to an interesting path of solving this very challenging problem.”, “With great respect, Vladimir.” - Dr. Vladimir B. Ginzburg, mathematician, accomplished engineer, author of "Prime Elements of Ordinary Matter, Dark Matter & Dark Energy", "Spiral Grain of the Universe" and several other renowned books such as "Metallurgical Design of Flat Rolled Steels" for applied science, and holds over fifty U.S. and foreign patents, 28th Jun 2009.
“The waving twirling stuff (vortex) has great power built up and I think Vincent and Jimbo are on the right track, as so many other TOE proposals get so complex that the rest of the time is spent inventing more complexities of particles and messengers of force, and so on.” - Austin (aka email@example.com of TOEQuest Forum), 30th June 2008.
“I do not know if you realize it or not, that you have given me all the information I need to verify my theory. WOW!! I can not stop reading it over and over again. You truly are the missing link in my studies. Thanks.” - Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum), 10th April 2008.
|The height of a thing above a reference level, especially above sea level or above the earth's surface.|
|A category of paradox with illusions that involve perception or awareness, such as relative motion illusion, optical illusion, tactile illusion and the likes.|
|Describing a direction of rotation that is counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere, clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.|
|A false belief or opinion: delusions of grandeur.|
|Full comprehension of a situation with clarity of perception.|
|The first basis from which a thing is known.|
|In astronomy, a term often used to refer to the center of a black hole, where the curvature of spacetime is maximal. At the singularity, the gravitational tides diverge; no solid object can even theoretically survive hitting the singularity.|
|The manifold of infinitesimality; manifold of decreases to indefinitely small that are immeasurable.|
|The manifold of infinity; manifold of increases without bound.|
|A peculiar type of illusion that paradoxically appears in an inverse manner.|
|Having no viscosity.|
|The measurement, in degrees, of a place's distance north or south of the equator.|
|The great world or universe; the universe considered as a whole (opposed to microcosm ). A representation of a smaller unit or entity by a larger one, presumably of a similar structure.|
|A little world; a world in miniature (opposed to macrocosm ).|
|A natural phenomenon is a non-artificial event in the physical sense, and therefore not produced by humans, although it may affect humans.|
|A state of existence beyond perceivable bandwidth therefore renders as nothing in the perceived state; the state of being nothing.|
|A set of forms all of which contain a particular element, esp. the set of all inflected forms based on a single stem or theme.|
|Any thing, or situation exhibiting an apparently contradictory nature with false proposition.|
|The axis a suspended spheroid rotates, is the main axis of unisonal vortex mechanism for polar vortex, and the secondary axis for lower latitude unisonal vortex.|
|The axis on a suspended spheroid, parallel to its external revolving axis.|
|The external axis of a suspended spheroid that the revolving path centers on, is the secondary axis of unisonal vortex mechansim for polar vortex.|
|A peculiarity, a unique quality, a state of being singular. Note: The term singularity here does not refer to mathematical singularity nor the gravitational singularity. It has very general reference to a class of existence with a similarity.|
|The manifold of singularity in a paradigm.|
|A geometrical figure similar in shape to a sphere, such as an ellipsoid.|
|A process in which all elements behave in the same way at the same time; simultaneous or synchronous parallel action.|
|The totality of known or supposed objects and phenomena throughout space; the cosmos; macrocosm. It is beyond the defined observable universe.|
|Having the property of viscosity; sticky.|
|A vortical culmination of aether in vortical motion that unisonally spawns its resonated and nested satellite vortical fractals in its vortical paradigm.|
|A storm or wind coming from the west, toward the east; eastwardly.|
Do an interactive experiment to understand the effects of torque-free precession
To intuitively understand how the effects of torque-induced precession on a suspended spheroid can be resonated on surface of the viscous matter that could thus spawn unisonal vortex in it, try an interactive learning method by doing this gyroscope experiment: Generate a torque-induced precession by spinning a gyroscope and then clasp it in your palms, and then gently rotate in various circular orthogonal motion rocking it in your palms, the force dynamics of a torque-free precession in this manner can be brought to your cognitive sense. Imagine your hands are a medium of viscous matter wrapping around it, then try to feel the oscillating motion in propagated waves of dynamic force interactions that could resonate to amplify on the surface of lighter density viscous matter (vibrations with counteracting motions acting on your palms), try to magnify the felt effects at resonated nodes with your imagination as much as you can. Qualitatively, one can mentally grasp the concept for torque-free precession effects through this way and eventually arriving to immensely know the force dynamics in this interactive manner.
Hang the gyroscope in suspension by holding the top pivot to see the precession cycle with the rotating axis that rotates in opposite direction of the disc rotation, this can help to understand an inverse rotation on the vortex axis of a suspended vortex in viscous matter that in differential resonance it rotates in opposite direction of the rotating vortex. This is a reversed synchronization of the precession cycle, this reverse precession cycle phenonemon occurs to rotation axis of suspended spheroid such as Earth, and also to the suspended Antarctica Ozone Hole perturbed by the Moon in a torque-induced precession, mechanically acting differentially on suspended structure.
Precession on a gyroscope
To understand a mysterious natural phenomenon in the UVS worldview, its counterintuitive issue has to be brought to a clear transcendental cognitive awareness, we have to be able to vividly imagine it, feel it, participate in it by immersing into it intellectually and interacts with it to understand it intuitively; the key is to find ways to interact with nature to understand the working mechanism for resolving its cognitive paradox.
A gyroscopic precession paradox
"Rotating systems exhibit some behavior that appears strange when we apply our intuition, developed for linear motion. The motion of the gyroscope shown here is an example. The silver colored rotor inside the gimbal rings is spinning rapidly about its axis. As we will see, it is the presence of the little weight, hung on one end of the axis of rotation of the spinning rotor, that causes the observed motion about the vertical axis. Our intuition might suggest that the weighted end of the rotor's axis would move down, not go around." - Excerpt from Physics Animations in a section under Mechanics-Unbalanced gyroscope precession.
certain circumstances, as shown in the animation that simulates precession
effect of an imbalanced gyroscope, the
weighted end of the rotor's axis is paradoxically
instead. See a
detailed explanation (click a tab under theory)
gyroscopic precession paradox.
of differential rotation with Foucault's pendulum
At the latitude of Paris, the pendulum's path would complete a full clockwise rotation every 30 hours; on the Southern Hemisphere it would rotate counterclockwise, and on the Equator it wouldn't revolve at all. At the South Pole, as the modern-day scientists confirmed, the period of rotation is 24 hours. Excerpt from Foucault's pendulum by physics-animations.com. See externally linked topics on "Foucault's pendulum" and "Differential rotation" for further elaboration.
The swing of Foucault's pendulum depends on the way it is set it into motion. If the pendulum is deflected by a maximal angle and then release it without an initial speed, then the pendulum will swing like it is illustrated in this animation.
Foucault's pendulum is a scientific proof that Earth revolves on its axis; the floor where an observer stands for having this view on a localized frame of reference is slowly rotating from the perspective of an external frame of reference. The period of rotation is directly related to the latitude of Earth where the pendulum is pivoted; the rotation period is in tune with Earth's rotation at the polar poles, it is longer towards lower latitude of Earth and the rotation effect is practically cancelled when it swings across both hemispheres if the pendulum is pivoted on equator.
"Galileo was the first to examine its unique characteristics. Galileo found that each pendulum has a constant period. The period is the time in which a pendulum completes a single oscillation, i.e., returns to the position it was in at the beginning of the period. For example: The time required for the pendulum to move from its most extreme right position back to that point. The pendulum passes twice through the arc during each period." - Excerpt from "The pendulum".
The above Foucault pendulum simulation demonstrates the oscillation and passes twice through the arc during each period as described in Galileo's pendulum experiment.
The pendulum experiment implies that there has been exchange of angular momentum. Through conservation of angular momentum, the Earth in rotating motion and the suspended pendulum bob precessing in oscillation have exchanged momentum.
The animations on right illustrates two frame of references for the clockwise rotating Foucault's pendulum in northern hemisphere with its rotating period synchronizes with Earth's rotation, in the left panel it illustrates the inertial point of view from an external frame of reference, the right panel is the co-rotating point of view at a localized frame of reference that is respective to the left panel.
From the co-rotating point of view in this localized frame of reference that illustrates a clockwise circular path for the Foucault's pendulum motion, the differential rotation of the pendulum on a counter-clockwise rotating Earth that is viewed from above can be visualized. This illustrations resolve a cognitive paradox for the oscillating motion of the pendulum in its precession cycle and illustrates a differential rotation.
What appears as curvilinear motion in the pendulum oscillation at different phases from one perspective is fundamentally a translation of circular motion as a result of its circumstances; the curvilinear motion from another frame of reference is a circular motion.
All celestial objects in their primary two-axis spin are propagating in helical paths around their centers of mass. From the external frames, a helical motion is a composition of two circular motions in a two-axis circular rotation.
Note: Frame-dragging effect in Einstein's general relativity was rejected by scientific consensus in favor of Coriolis effect, but it was recently proven with the gravity Probe-B experiment.
See a UVS topic on "A cyclonic motion experiment" that elaborates on how it qualitatively proves the cyclonic gravity field effect of a rotating Earth.
Based on cyclonic gravity field effect of Earth, the bob of the pendulum is subjected to an angular momentum that would cyclonically drive this suspended bob in counter-clockwise direction in northern hemisphere, and clockwise direction in southern hemisphere. In essence, this is an immutable qualitative proof for the frame-dragging effect proposed in general relativity.
Types of perpetual motion machine
Currently, there are three types of classified perpetual motion machine (PMM).
In the mainstream context, perpetual motion describes hypothetical machines that operate or produce useful work indefinitely and, more generally, hypothetical machines that produce more work or energy than they consume, whether they might operate indefinitely or not.
- Excerpt from Wikipedia on "Perpetual motion"
Thermodynamics drinking bird
Note: Overunity is not absolutely required in the classical definition for the word "perpetual"; it is merely the adulterated definition in the context of thermodynamics that demands it and this renders its semantics issue. And notably, several types of open system perpetual motion phenomena can be empirically observed in superconductor, superfluid, Bose-Einstein condensate, drinking bird, vortically rotating and revolving celestial bodies.
Thermodynamics drinking bird is not considered as a perpetual motion machine in the mainstream context, this is because perpetual motion was generally thought as self-powered perpetual motion. The Thermodynamics drinking bird is nevertheless a perpetual motion machine of the second kind that is not self-powered; it was merely ruled out that it is a perpetual motion machine by word play. The dictionary meaning for perpetual could also mean indefinitely long lasting and not necessarily everlasting.
See an externally linked topic on "Finite-time thermodynamics of an instrumented drinking bird toy" that illustrates thermodynamics drinking bird could produce some very minute perpetual power.
An example for the not self-powered perpetual motion machine of the third kind could be demonstrated with superfluid, its viscosity or friction is zero in its superfluidity state that once if a vortical motion is started, it would not stop by itself; it has the ability to flow without dissipating energy. The motion of Earth moving around the Sun could be considered as a not self-powered PMM of the third kind that is naturally manifested.
See an externally linked topic on "Bose–Einstein condensate" that elaborates on how it was fundamental to helium-4 in superfluidity state. See also a UVS topic on "Orbit of satellites" that illustrates how a planet vortically revolves around its star in its perpetual vortical motion.
According to thermodynamics, perpetual motion machine of the third kind with friction of zero is impossible to physically attain, and accordingly to fluid mechanics if viscosity of fluid is zero then Renolds number would become infinite that suggest infinite vorticity for vortical motion. Nonetheless, superfluid was empirically observed to have zero value for viscosity or friction. Moreover, the Bose-Einstein condensate of sodium atoms was cooled to absolute zero in a stop light experiment, and this an impossible feat according to the third law of thermodynamics. In the science of thermodynamics, Bose-Einstein condensate was considered as a novelty state of matter; its is not a normal matter where the universal laws of thermodynamics is applicable.
After a motion is induced and thus forms a vortex in superfluid, the vortex would not stop by itself; this is perpetual vortical motion. This is not a hypothetical object or its phenomenon was unreal, and as a matter of fact, superfluid was used for a high-precision measuring instrument with gyroscopes housed in superfluid helium in the Gravity Probe B project. Zero viscosity of superfluid implies the vorticity of a quantized vortex is infinite.
A not self-powered perpetual motion machine of the fourth kind would be the one that completely eliminates electrical resistance. An example for this is superconductor that its resistance is zero and therefore electric current flowing in a loop of superconducting wire can persist indefinitely with no power source.
In direct current resistive circuits, electrical power is calculated using Joule's law: P = VI, where P is the electric power, V the potential difference, and I the electric current. In the case of resistive (Ohmic, or linear) loads, Joule's law can be combined with Ohm's law (I = V/R) to produce alternative expressions for the dissipated power: P= I²R = V²/R², where R is the electrical resistance. Superconductor does not obey the laws of electic power otherwise its power would be infinite, which is not possible and this was not empirically observed at all for superconductor.
If the equation for a universal law of physics cannot explain a reality with its mathematical construct, it is not the reality was incorrect.
In the UVS worldview, vortical motion of aether that manifests as the perpetual unisonal motion of the universe, is the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe.
UVS predicts there is a not self-powered perpetual motion machine of the fifth kind, its mechanism is based on the cyclonic gravity field effect of UVS. This is one that is suspended on a rotating celestial object and could draw mechanical energy from the cyclonic gravity field, it therefore does not violate the first law of thermodynamics. From the UVS perspective, a cyclonic storm is a naturally created not self-powered perpetual motion machine of the fifth kind.
See UVS topics on "Other vortical phenomena of star" for further elaboration on vortical motion is the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe, and "A cyclonic motion experiment" that demonstrates the differential force in the push-in gravity of a rotating Earth.
Hypothetically, a horizontal wheel pivoted at the center and suspended in mid air on Earth would be subjected to spin with a perpetual differential force, this is caused by the gradient of push-in geometric gravity that is stronger towards the equator and weaker towards the geological pole; there is a differential force.
If one such machine could be constructed to work on terrestrial circumstances that can overcome the inertial friction for its rotation, similar to the thermodynamics drinking bird that can only produce very minute power that is hardly useful for any pragmatic application, but it nevertheless could be impelled to spin perpetually. The thermodynamics drinking bird is a heat engine that exploits a temperature differential to convert heat energy to a pressure differential within the device for driving its perpetual motion. Whereas, the not self-powered perpetual motion machine of the fifth kind exploits a vector differential of angular momentum in the geometric push-in gravity to mechanically impel the machine to spin in perpetual motion.
“Vortical motion of aether is the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe.” - UVS inspired
5th May 2007
Author's note: When I was awakened to the idea of a vortical universe in May 2007 and subsequently has developed the model of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS model), I did not know at all that any of such vortex theory had ever existed. This was until Jim Mash (Author of "Fluid Energy theory") had first brought the Cartesian vortex cosmology by Rene Descartes to my attention in June 2008, and later was aware of Walter Russell Cosmogony after Dean Ward and Allen Barrow brought Walter Russell to my attention in Oct 2008. A modern era publication that had categorically summarized the numerous studies and researches for spirals of nature in all eras, was presented in "From cosmic whirl to vortices" by Vladimir B. Ginzburg who had wrote a vortex theory called "Three-Dimensional Spiral String Theory", had came to my attention in June 2009 only after the vortical universe concept for UVS was quite developed with 138 qualitative predictions. Even then, UVS still has had its uniqueness among these other vortex theories. June 2009.
References and links:
Precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Geometrical vector - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Tidal force - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Centripetal force - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Centrifugal force - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reactive centrifugal force - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Natural phenomenon - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Precession (Astronomy) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vortex - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Natural science - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Universe - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fundamental interaction - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Polar Vortex - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
States of matter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bose-Einstein condensate - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Plasma - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Generalization - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Fluid dynamics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dynamic similarity - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Energy density - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Inverse-square law - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orthogonality - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rotational frame-dragging effect - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Geodetic effect - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ellipsoid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Turbulence - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dipole moment - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vacuum state - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Equipotential - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Gauge invariant - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Energy - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Matter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Inertial force or fictitious force - Encyclopædia Britannica
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Streamlines - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Warm front - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Polar climate - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
U.S. Midwest, Northeast hit by bitter cold temperatures - CBCnews
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The pendulum - Addrea Exhibition Information Center
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Finite-time thermodynamics of an instrumented drinking bird toy - Ralph Lorenza Lunar and Planetary Lab, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721
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Video clip on NASA | South Up Moon Phase & Libration 2013 - NASA
Video clip on NASA | Moon Phase and Libration South Up 2014 - NASA
Wobbling spheres animation - ThinkQuest Library
Animated Demonstration of Bernoulli's Principle - Mark Mitchell
Animation of Ozone Hole activity - NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Scientific Visualization Studio
Animation of Foucault's pendulum and Unbalanced gyroscope precession - physics-animations.com, the animations are used with written consent from Alexander.
Animations of a rotating inertial motion - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Animated artist impression of a spheroidal quantum vortex - Courtesy of Thomas Seifert by email
Animation for thermodynamics drinking bird - www.drinking-bird.eu
Evolution of Perpetual Motion, WORKING Free Energy Generator - YouTube video by elodialemmon16
Image of a two-axis spheroid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi
Image of Victoria crater with highlighted circular depressions - www.holoscience.com.au
Image of cloud band of Jupiter - NASA
Images of Cartwheel Galaxy - NASA
Image of corona loops - The Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, Astronomy, and Spaceflight
Image of Galaxy M81- NASA
Image of aurora on satellite vortex- WDC for Aurora National Institute of Polar Research Japan
Image of oceanic whirlpool - Walkersville Middle School Frederick County, Maryland
Image of electron's motion - Credit: Image courtesy of Johan Mauritsson, Lund University
Image of wooden bowl - BeadFx
Graphic image of Earth tilted at an angle - Phoenix Mars Mission
Image of Sun, Moon and Earth - Department of Astronomy University of Massachusetts
Graphic image of Earth's North Pole - Lambert Azimuthal Projections
Image of polar vortex on northern hemisphere - Science Daily
Earth's atmosphere chart - NASA
Image of X-ray polar sunspot - Nasa; + plus Magazine
Image of polar vortex of Jupiter - NASA
Image of polar vortex of Saturn - Image credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute
Image of polar vortex of Venus - ESA, Venus Express
Image of polar vortex of Uranus - NASA, Voyager 2
Image of Uranus' Ring - NASA HST
Image of hourglass nebula - Phoenix Mars Mission
Image of an aurora on a nested polar vortex - NASA
Image of protoplanetary disk - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Artist impression of vortex - Really Slick Screensavers
counter was reset on 02/02/2010
Disclaimers: As far as the mainstream modern physics is concerned, the above revolutionary discoveries and conjectures based on the unheard-of hypothesis of Universal Vortical Singularity with its paradigm shift are unconventional. Also the evaluation of the uncharted at fundamental stage might not be thoroughly covered, bound to have shortcomings, loose ends and errors, many details and assumptions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or proven. Many of the implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the topics presented in the UVS worldview, any term or statement if offensive in any manner or whatsoever is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Some web browsers were reported to have displayed with data corruption for text, disorganized images, it is therefore recommended to view the UVS web sites with Windows Internet Explorer. However, some external links might have ceased to exist, some images can fail to load, and somehow some animations could not work, also some copyrighted materials cannot be illustrated in the UVS web pages, and these could compromise its presentation to some extend.
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