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The UVS visual inductive resolution on the formation of stars and galaxies

In the UVS worldview, all galaxies[w] with their star systems[w] and planetary systems[w], are intrinsically coalesced by their nested vortical hypersphere[uvs] that vortically impel them in their closed systems.
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By visualizing the underlying structures and mechanisms, it intuitively reveals
the actualities of the mysteriously rendered natural phenomena.
- UVS inspired -

Note: The UVS worldview for the formation of stars and galaxies, is an alternative hypothesis that was inspired with the UVS model. With its explication for its aether-based concept in a vortical paradigm, in the discipline of epistemology with its empiricism, it elucidates on the actualities of the empirically observed natural phenomena with its perceived structure of the observable universe.

With the UVS visual grounded theory research, it methodically and collectively explicates with loads of empirical evidence to cogently elaborate on how galaxies and their star systems with their planetary systems were all unisonally formed in a single vortical system.

See the UVS topic on "The structure of galaxy" that elaborates on how the vortical motion of a galaxy is being transferred to its star systems and their planetary systems.


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A star is vortically formed in a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy

In the UVS worldview, the planetary system of star and its planets is vortically formed by the bipolar stellar polar vortex pair manifested in its traversing nested stellar toroidal vortex, which is formed in a nested manner within a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy.

The UVS research predicates a new star is evolved by vortically coalesced stellar clouds formed in a nested bipolar stellar vortex pair. With credits to Allen Barrow.

From the UVS perspective, a nested toroidal vortex with its precession effect, could form a nested ring torus force field with its two-axis spin in its vortically flattened accretion disk[uvs]. The repulsion effect of these concentric nested ring torus force field, repels to encapsulate the vortically captured nebulous material in their ring torus orbitals.

While the captured particles of the scattered nebulous material are vortically impelled to spin and revolve within the ring torus force field, the cyclonic motion with its hyperspherical vortex spin fusion[uvs] manifested at a vertex[w] by its two-axis spin, could gradually accrete and coalesce the vortically confined nebulous material to form as a bipolar spheroidal planetary object of transformed torus[w]. A ring torus structure manifested in the protoplanetary disc, could also form the asteroid belt of its star.


A digon with two vertices
at the antipodal points.
[s]

Note: Accretion disk is an unsolved problem of physics.

The nested vortical hypersphere could vortically manifest a nested torus (shown in the image on the right as a nested shell) force field, and also its concentric ring torus indicated with their pairs of red rings force fields. And it could also manifest a disc-shaped substructure with its inner flattened polar vortex pair.

Note: The animation on right illustrates how a torus[w] could transform. It shows as the distance to the axis of revolution decreases, the ring torus becomes a horn torus, then a spindle torus, and when the distance approaches zero, the torus will resemble a sphere.


A nested torus-
shaped structure.

A transforming
torus structure.
[s]

The cognitive paradox that renders star formation[w] as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus meticulously resolved with its underlying vortical structure and mechanism explicated.

The newly formed star HL Tau[m] within Milky Way as illustrated below, is still at infancy stage of its star birth. Its protoplanet HL Tau b (small circular bright image at the half-past one direction), is also in the process of forming as a gaseous planet.

This simulated image constructed based on data captured by radio telescopes, demonstrated a vortical protoplanetary disk from a polar view showing the spiral arms of the evolving star HL Tau, which appears to be driving a protoplanet HL Tau b to form in a "womb of gas". Prior to this simulated image, there were only artist’s impressions available for protoplanetary disc for showing the accretion disk with spiral arms.

This simulated image based on empirical observation, suggests a star is formed by vortical consolidation of nebulous material in a "womb of gas".

The protoplanet HL Tau b is also direct evident that suggests revolving planets are vortically consolidated with nebulous material collected in the proplanetary disk, formed by their nested satellite polar vortices after clearing the neighborhood[w] in its planetary system.

The protoplanet HL Tau b shown in the image on right at its half-past one direction, demonstrates the origin for vortical force dynamics that could impel a planet to revolve and rotate in its vortically formed planetary system.

See an externally linked topic on "Very Large Telescope sees signs of planet birth" that reports on a spiral structure with a 'twist' that marks the site where a planet may be forming.

As observed, the protoplanetary disk[w] formed around the young AB Aurigae[m] star as shown in this image, distinctly demonstrates it has a ring torus force field in its nested spiral structure, and it also demonstrated a vortical void.

An embryonic planet takes shape around the star HL Tau in an image from a computer simulation. The newfound protoplanet HL Tau b, which was discovered inside a distant "womb of gas" using radio telescopes, is believed to be only a few hundred years old. [s]

The UVS research predicates a protoplanet is formed with interstellar clouds by a resonated nested satellite vortex pair manifested in its planetary system.

This is a piece of strong evidence for suggesting the planetary system is a vortical manifestation.

From the UVS perspective, at the vortically resonated locations in the nested spiral arm, the moons of the protoplanet could be vortically coalesced to form with their two-axis spins.

Note: The formation of planetesimals is the biggest unsolved problem in the nebular hypothesis.

See the UVS topics on "A comparative analysis of the Solar System with the UVS atomic model" that illustrates on the vortical orbitals of the Solar System and the UVS atomic model, "Heliosphere" that elaborates on how are planetary orbits manifested in their ring torus orbitals, and "Supervoids" that elaborates on how stars could be systematically spawned in their superclusters.

See externally linked topics on "A Star with Spiral Arms" that elaborates on an observed star that has spiral arms, "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe" that reports on stars were observed to spawn in a cluster of galaxies of an intergalactic system, "Astronomers Observe the Rotating Accretion Disk Around the Supermassive Black Holes in M77" that illustrates a massive rotating torus structure of dust and gas, and "Never-Before-Seen Stage of Planet Birth Revealed" that reports a newborn star with detailed glimpse of planets forming around it.


Solar system formed from gigantic whirlpool within a universal fluid
- eddies in flow produced planets
- Rene Descartes (1644)

The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying vortical structure and mechanism of a star as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render it as a mystery. Thus, its cognitive paradox was simply dispersed, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual framework of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to predicate by abductive reasoning.

See the UVS topic on "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborates on its visual grounded theory for the evaluations of natural phenomena.

Note: The concept for cosmic evolution with a vortical system in the UVS worldview, was developed without prior knowledge to Rene Descartes and his "Theory of Vortices". It was wonderful to know later that a similar vortical concept of Solar System evolution was studied in-depth in the past. The Cartesian cosmology based on a vortex model that has had been forsaken for more than two centuries, was once championed in France for nearly one hundred years in the later part of the seventeenth century.


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The vortically spawned protostar

Based on the UVS model, the protoplanetary disk of its protostar is driven by its nested polar vortrex[uvs] pair, and it is formed by its reversed pushing-out vortical motion. The pair of nested vortrexes are impelled by the nested pair of polar vortices, and the vortical momentum can levitate the swirling plasmatic interstellar materials in its pair of folded back nested vortrexes.

The UVS research predicates a protoplanetary disk is a vortrex with glowing plasma and it is impelled by the vortical column of its protostar.

From the UVS perspective, a protostar[w] is vortically impelled by its stellar toroidal vortex[uvs], which manifested a nested polar vortex pair within to consolidate nebulous material in its vortically rendered vortrex pair; a protostar is spawned with the vortical consolidation of stellar clouds in its stellar toroidal vortex.

The UVS research predicates a protostar is vortically spawned with the consolidated stellar clouds resonated in its nested toroidal vortex.

From the UVS perspective, the stellar jets (in reddish glow) of the protoplanetary disk HH-30 are rendered by consolidate charged atomic particles in plasma state that have vortically collected around a thin vortex column of a nested polar vortex pair of the protostar, and is ionized electrically in the encapsulation to glow at a specific wavelength with its vortical motion.


Protoplanetary disk HH-30
in constellation of Taurus
with its stellar jets (red).
[s]

The nested polar vortex pair was formed in the stellar toroidal vortex, and it vortically drives a pushed-out and folded back vortrex pair that has formed in between the nested polar vortex pair. The charged particles were vortically pushed up in their nested vortrex pair to envelope the outer wall of the polar vortex columns, and thus glow as a pair of reddish jets with its resonance frequency.

The UVS research predicates a stellar jet is vortically formed in a polar vortex column with an ionized jet of gas stream that has vortically culminated in its nested toroidal vortex. With credit to Anna Lorrina Mitchell.

Note: Stellar jets, or accretion disk jets, is one of the unsolved problems in physics.

See the UVS topics on "Dust devil" and "Dust tail of comet" that illustrate vortical dynamics of atmospheric vortex that are similar to the protoplanetary disk.

See an externally linked topic on "Space tornado" that evidently illustrates the vortical dynamics of a stellar jet observed with NASA's Spitzer infrared telescope.


Aether vortical motion with the vitality of consolidating centripetal motion renders
the orders for any physical existence, and its manifested vortrex with conserved energy
in distributing centrifugal motion, renders the chaos for it to evolve.
- UVS inspired -


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The vortical motion of Sun

Based on the UVS model, a star is impelled by its galactic vortex to vortically form with coalesced nebulous material in a nested bipolar stellar vortex pair manifested in its nested vortical hypersphere[uvs].

In the UVS worldview, as can be empirically observed, the Sun rotates in counter-clockwise direction (referencing to Earth's north pole as the top) was formed and impelled in the vortical furrow of a spiral stellar arm in a clockwise rotating Milky Way[w] that it vortically revolves around; the motion of Sun in its galaxy is impelled by an anticyclone of the galactic vortex .

Note: The Orion Arm is a minor spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy, the Solar System and Earth are within the Orion Arm.

As a matter of fact, the Sun could be empirically observed to be spiraling around the Galactic Center[w] of Milky Way. It is also a fact that the Sun in the invariable plane[w] is also oscillating in a center of mass[w] with precession cycles, which are caused by the exchanging of angular momentum[w] with each and every of its satellites that vortically rotates and revolves around a moving Sun; Sun while revolving around the Galactic Center is traversing in a composite spiral path.

See the UVS subtopic on "The UVS atomic model with a nested dual-core electron shell" that elaborates on the underlying structure of the Solar System in a comparative analysis for more insights.


The position of Sun is indicated by the yellow dot in this illustration of the Milky Way galaxy. [s] 

The cognitive paradox that renders the misconception for the motion of the Sun, was thus meticulously resolved with its underlying vortical structure and mechanism explicated.

The UVS research predicates the Sun is impelled by its galactic vortex to rotate and revolve around the Galactic Center in a perpetual vortical motion.

As a matter of fact, star was empirically observed to be vortically formed by coalescing nebulous material in its stellar vortex[uvs], also the Solar System has been empirically observed to be encapsulated by the heliosphere[uvs], and Sun is merely a typical star, which infers a typical star is also encapsulated by its heliosphere. It is also qualitatively proven in the UVS worldview that the Sun is being impelled by its galactic vortex to rotate and revolve around the Galactic Center, and indubitably the orbits of planets[uvs] are vortical motions. These collaboratively are the qualitative proof for star is impelled by its galactic vortex to vortically form in its nested toroidal vortex.

UVS qualitatively predicts that star is impelled by its galactic vortex to vortically form with coalesced nebulous material in a nested bipolar stellar vortex pair manifested in its nested toroidal vortex.

See an externally linked topic on "The Universal Helicola" that presents an impeccable illustration for the helical motion of the Earth's path in space on page 269 in figure 13.1, it was elaborated qualitatively, analytically and quantitatively.

From the UVS perspective, the tiny black circle in the center show with this image of the HL Tau planetary system, is the vortex eye of the HL Tau planetary system's stellar vortex.

See the UVS subtopic on "BOTSS" that elaborates on the barycenter of the Solar System.

The bigger red circle around the smaller black circle is where culmination of the vortical momentum had supposedly occurred on a lower altitude of the star with higher density viscous matter, rotating at highest velocity most vigorously in a smallest diameter in the densest section of the polar vortex column. The culmination process vortically generating extreme conditions of highest temperature, strongest magnetic field storm and most vigorous reaction of hyperspherical vortex spin fusion in the extremely consolidated nested plasmatic layers of viscous matter.

In the consolidation process, the vortex columns of the primordial Solar System nested vortex pair were developed as the polar caps[uvs] on Sun. The primordial Solar System nested vortex pair of Sun was impelled by the galactic vortex of Milky Way in a spiral arm on the accretion disk.

A vortex eye on a surface of Sun is a depressed void area, whereby the usual atmospheric presence of plasmatic viscous matter required for thermal convection is not there, this would have caused the phenomenon of an inert dark center of a sunspot that the emptiness inhibits convection, and therefore is much cooler than the surrounding.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism[uvs], the main axis of the nested unisonal polar vortex pair of the Sun, is on the rotation axis of the Sun, and the secondary axis with driving force is the revolving axis of the Sun. This explains the phenomenon of polar caps as long-lived corona holes where coronal temperature and density suddenly dropped, are caused by the extremely large polar free vortex pair of the Sun. Photosphere is vortically dispersed at the poles, is as a result of the Sun's polar vortex; its reactive centrifugal force[w] would cause the nested atmosphere to distribute toward the equator.


The vortex eye of the HL Tau's
vortical planetary system
. [s]


The polar caps of the Sun. [s]

See the UVS topic on "Sunspot" that elucidates on more than twenty mysterious phenomena of the Sun.


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A galaxy is vortically formed within a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy cluster

In the UVS worldview, a satellite galaxy[w] is coalesced by its satellite galactic vortex to form its vortical collection of stars, and the satellite galactic vortex is impelled by its host galactic vortex that underlies the galaxy.

The Whirlpool galaxy[w] (image on right) with spiral arms that is driving a distinct satellite galaxy has a similar nested structure. These is a direct evidence on underlying fractals of unisonal vortices, are weaving stellar and galactic structures with viscous matter medium in their vortical systems.

The cognitive paradox that renders satellite galaxy as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus resolved with its underlying mechanism illustrated. With the observation delusion elucidated and its cognitive paradox resolved, the fact that a satellite galaxy is associated with its host galaxy, is a strong evidence that a satellite galaxy is induced by the satellite galactic vortex of its host galactic vortex.


Whirlpool galaxy NGC 5194 with its smaller
companion, satellite galaxy NGC 5195.
[s]

The UVS research predicates a satellite galaxy is induced by the satellite galactic vortex of a main galactic vortex.

Local physical laws are determined by the large-scale structure of the universe. - Mach's principle

In the UVS worldview, on higher vortical orders of its vortical paradigm at macro levels of the nested vortical hypersphere of the cosmos, its universal vortical systems unisonally consolidate galaxy clusters[uvs], galaxy superclusters and the ever larger vortical structures beyond. On lower vortical orders at micro levels there are vortically weaved atoms[uvs], subatomic particles[uvs] and the ever smaller vortical structures within. The UVS model can universally unite the mechanism of the largest structures with the mechanism of the smallest structures in the observable universe.

See an externally linked topic on "Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe", this scientific observation is a strong evidence for the existence of an intergalactic toroidal vortex system that spawns stars, and then systematically coalesced them in a cluster of galaxies.

From the UVS perspective, a nested intergalactic toroidal vortex[uvs] that encapsulates an energetic blob of gas, is an active plasmasphere that would vortically spawn stars in their galaxies within a galaxy cluster. The intergalactic toroidal votices with their galaxy clusters, are vortically coalesced as a supercluster of galaxy clusters, and this supercluster is held in between a cluster of supervoids[w], which vortically impels the supercluster to spawn stars and coalesce them in a grand vortical system.

See the UVS subtopics on "The nested hyperical vortices of the cosmos" that illustrates various types of nested hyperspheric vortices, and "The vortical hypersphere structure of an elliptical galaxy" that illustrates a galactic spheroid unisonal vortex.


It is the theory that decides what can be observed.
- Albert Einstein


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Other galactic vortical systems

Based on the UVS model, a satellite galaxy[w] is induced and coalesced by its satellite galactic vortex.

In the UVS worldview, satellite galaxies such as the NGC 5195 (the companion of M51), the Large Magellanic Cloud[w], the Sagittarius Dwarf Elliptical Galaxy, the Canis Major dwarf galaxy[w], and the Messier 80 globular cluster[w], were vortically formed by their satellite galactic vortices, which are being impelled by their host galactic vortex.

See the UVS topic on "Globular cluster" that elaborates on how a globular cluster could be vortically transformed.

A satellite vortex is impelled by its galactic vortex
Large Magellanic Cloud is a satellite vortex of Milky Way
A globular cluster of Milky Way
Whirlpool galaxy with its smaller companion NGC 5195
Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is between 15,000 and 16,000 light years in diameter, and has about one-tenth as many stars as our Galaxy (i.e., about 10^10 stars). [s]
The Messier 80 globular cluster
is among the 150 currently known globular clusters in the Milky Way.

From the UVS perspective, a satellite galaxy is being ripped with its stars being snatched by its host galaxy that has spread it out in a long stellar stream, is as a result of the satellite galactic vortex is dissipating in its galactic spheroid; the dissipating satellite galaxy would appeared to have been ripped. These phenomena can also be described as an effect of the dissipating satellite galactic vortex is in a process of merging into the main galactic vortex, or the vortical forces holding the stars is being overpowered by an external vortical force of another larger galaxy system on its near encounter.

The effects of a satellite galactic vortex that could aggregate stars in a satellite galaxy, is rendered by the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion[uvs] of its nested toroidal vortex to push in on the repulsing surfaces of the nested plasmatic shell of adjacent stars, and this would cause their outer plasmatic shells to merge by the process of magnetic reconnection[w]; in a manner this is similar to chemical covalent bond of a molecule.

If its host galaxy snatches these vortically consolidated stars that are closely packed, they would then revolve by spiraling around the host galaxy as a star cluster that spiral to revolve as a group of stars, or as a binary star system[w] with two stars, and each group of these reconsolidated stars share a common plasmatic shell.

The UVS research predicates the binary stars are revolving around each other in a common plasmatic shell that has merged from the plasmatic shells of the two stars.

These reconsolidated stars are encapsulated in their common toroidal vortex, and they vortically revolve around their barycenter[w]. These suggests that a star cluster is held together by strong interactions from electromagnetic vortices of stars in the weak vortical interactions of their common galactic vortex.

The UVS research predicates a star cluster is held together by the strong interactions from the electromagnetic vortices of the stars in the weak vortical interactions of their common galactic vortex.


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The vortical phenomena of the Cartwheel Galaxy group


Cartwheel Galaxy group. [s]

Cartwheel Galaxy ESO 350-40 in a larger view.

Based on the UVS model, the irregular galaxy of the interacting galaxies is held on an invisible satellite vortex of a nested galactic polar vortex, and this satellite galaxy is apparently driven in a differential rotation[uvs] by the galactic polar vortex on an intergalactic nested vortical hypersphere[uvs].

The underlying galactic polar vortex of the main spiral galaxy in the two interacting galaxies, is the galactic polar vortex of an intergalactic polar vortex pair that is at the oppoiste end of the underlying polar vortex of the Cartwheel Galaxy[w] (ESO 350-40). Heuristically, with a torque-induced precession[w]manifested in the torus-shaped bipolar vortical system of the intergalactic vortical hypersphere, these interacting galaxies thus rotates in opposite direction in the differential manner as observed.

See the UVS topic on "Galaxy group" that illustrates the nested intergalactic spheroid of the Cartwheel galaxy group.


Interacting galaxies of the
Cartwheel Galaxy group

From the UVS perspective, these interacting galaxies apparently are separated in a dual-core galactic vortex; each of these galaxies was manifested in one of the cores of a dual-core galactic vortex.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the intensified galactic vortex interactions of an intergalactic spheroid would cause the phenomenon of interacting galaxies. An increase in intensity of the two intergalactic polar vortices within an intergalactic spheroid had somehow occurred in an intergalactic precession, and this could cyclically intensify the intergalactic polar vortices pair. At one end on the interacting galaxies side (ESO 350-40A), the intensified galactic polar vortex would intensify this satellite galactic vortex to impel its interacting companion galaxy to resonate on a tilted axis of their encapsulating intergalactic spheroid.

At the other polar end of the galactic spheroid, the intensified polar vortex caused an outer rim of stars to form and glow around the previously normal spiral Cartwheel Galaxy, this render its appearance of a cartwheel structure. There is a chain of cyclonic satellite vortices formed around the outer circular rim of the Cartwheel Galaxy and they are vortically pointed toward the core. These are vortical spokes formed in the accretion disk and they are the squashed and compressed vortex columns of resonated cyclonic satellite vortices impelled by the Cartwheel Galaxy.

The outer circular rim of the Cartwheel Galaxy have a chain of mainly cyclonic satellite vortices resonated around it, and the star burst would evolve almost instantaneously by the dynamo effect of these faster spinning cyclonic satellite galactic vortices that would vortically form into satellite galaxies around the circular rim. This is also an empirical evidence that the evolution of a star is vortically impelled by its galaxy in vortical motion.


The Cartwheel Galaxy with its quasar.

If this hypothesis of UVS for the almost instantaneous reactions on the vortical structure that held the Cartwheel Galaxy with a span of 150,000 light-years across is true, then the belief that nothing with mass can travel faster than the speed of light is a myth.

In the UVS worldview, the quasar[w] of the Cartwheel Galaxy is a resonated satellite galaxy, and it is impelled by the encapsulating nested galactic spheroid of its galaxy, which consolidate to render its point-like structure. It therefore would have high speed rotation in its conservation of angular momentum with its relatively small radius. The high speed rotation of the quasar would have caused its high luminosity with its energetically consolidated star cluster to became extremely luminous.

A quasar can emit up to one thousand times the energy output and shines hundred of times brighter than the Milky Way galaxy, yet it occupies a spherical volume of space not much larger than the Solar System. Quasar with its jets at right angle to our view is perceived as an active galactic nucleus[w] that was observed to devour up to 1000 solar masses of material every year, it is perceived as a radio galaxy[w] when its jets are perpendicular to our view, and perceived as blazar[w] when when its jet is pointed to Earth.


The quasar of the Cartwheel Galaxy. [s]

From the UVS perspective, with its very intensified vortical gravitational singularity[uvs] that would have had formed its supermassive black hole, its circulating process can result in incessantness[w] and nuclear transmutation[w] to form all types of heavier chemical elements as it possibly could, and then vortically scatter them around its galactic spheroid.

See an externally linked topic on "What Is A Quasar" that elucidates on quasar, radio galaxy, and lazar were perceived as different types of celestial objects in the past, is as a result of the orientation of their polarized stellar jets.

The UVS research predicates a quasar is a resonated satellite galaxy impelled by a significant harmonic of its encapsulating nested galactic spheroid. Inspired in a forum discussion with Allen Barrow.


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Other vortical phenomena of star

In the UVS worldview, stars in a stellar arm driven towards the rim on a furrow as a result of centrifugal force, are caught to be embedded by its vortical interaction in its galactic system .

From the UVS perspective, when a star is dislodged from inside a galactic vortex ring that spins it cyclonically, and thus was moved to the outside of the galactic vortex ring, it would be subjected to an anti-cyclonic spin. The star in a spiral stellar arm could become dislodged from its embedment when the satellite galactic vortex impelling it is dissipating, or when its escape velocity is somehow overcome.

The dislodged star would therefore encounter a vortical driving force impelling it in an opposite direction of its intrinsic vortical spin, it thus undergoes the torque-induced precession in the vortical spiral arm to intrinsically spin it in opposite directions. This vortical interactions would cause the dislodged star to slow down gradually in rotating speed and then becomes cooler as a result of the dynamo effect is being gradually reduced.

Based on the UVS model, a star coalesced by its stellar vortex, is vortically impelled by its vortical hypersphere. Thus, a gradually slower rotating star loosing its vortical consolidating force, would experience a reduction in its vortical fusion forces, and therefore gradually expands as a red giant star in its gradual unwinding process.

This vortical mechanism can rationally explain the enormous potential energy[w] released when a star cyclonically fused by hyperspherical vortex spin fusion[uvs], have collided with an underlying anti-cyclonic aetheric structure in its galactic system, thus renders the effects for its supernova. Hypothetically, a supernova could also be caused by the star has collided with an interstellar barycenter or a significant Lagrangian point that intrinsically spins in the opposite direction.

The UVS research predicates a supernova is caused in an unwinding process of its aetheric vortex that impels the star to violently spin in the opposed directions.

When a red giant star is violently diffused by a harmonic vortex in a strong vortical unwinding process, it becomes a diffused star with the vortical motion that subject the star to the vigorous intrinsic spin of the underlying vortex in its opposite spinning direction, and thus the red giant star releases its tremendous potential energy that has been conserved by its hyperspherical vortex spin fusion. This process could therefore expelled much of the star stuff vortically with its vortical runaway effect in the supernova event.

Image on near right is a red giant star R Sculptoris that demonstrates vortical structure with its materials expelled to form around this dying star.


Star R Sculptoris

The Crab Nebula

The UVS research predicates the red giant star is vortically unwound with its vortical runaway effect to expand and expel its materials. With credit to anonymous from Singapore.

See the UVS subtopic on "A thought experiment to simulate the hyperspherical pushed-in gravity with a huge balloon held in deep ocean" that elaborates on a thought experiment to simulate how red giant and supernova could manifest.

See an external linked topic on "Flux tube and plasma torus" that reports on charged particles spewed from Jupiter Moon Io had formed a gigantic Io Plasma Torus collection of particles, which orbit in the orbital of Jupiter.

The scattered remnants of the diffused star that were vortically impelled in opposite direction by the spiral arm of the galaxy would then begin to consolidate with heavier elements of star stuff in its opposite spin. This vortical consolidating process in the opposite spin would gradually consolidate the expelled star stuff to consolidate again in its evolution process that could form another generation of enriched stars, planets and their satellites.

Based on UVS model, the phenomenon of a planetary nebula[w] is rendered by a pair of nested polar vortices encapsulated by its toroidal vortex, which is vortically consolidating its diffused star (commonly known as an exploded star in the remnant of supernova[w]) with rapidly expelling materials that are vortically scattered on its pair of nested bowl-shaped polar vortrices[uvs]; this is fundamentally the causality that manifests planetary nebulae with glowing ionized gas as can be empirically observed.

From the UVS perspective, a planetary nebula such as the Hourglass Nebula, is the remnant of its planetary system that has vortically unwound.

The UVS research predicates a planetary nebula is a vortically diffused planetary system wobbling in precession with its nested and glowing plasma polar vortrex pair.

From the UVS perspective, an anti-cyclonically coalesced star colliding with a cyclonically manifested black hole[w], will vortically unwind the star to become a red giant. The colliding star that thus unwinds can eventually end up in a nova or supernova in its disintegration when intensively interacted with the black hole.

A resonant of aether vortical motion that manifests a stellar black hole in stellar clouds, depending on its intensity, it can vortically coalesced nebulous material to form a young star with protoplanets in its protoplanetary disk, or devours the stellar material and transforms them into the apparent nothingness of aether.

From the UVS perspective, a highly energetic spinor field that undulates a star in its nova outburst, could impel the electrostatically encapsulated ionized atoms to exchange electrons with galactic wind, and emits x-ray and gamma-ray from the energized star.

The UVS research predicates a star nova outburst of x-ray and gamma ray is caused by a highly energetic spinor field that underlies the star.

See a UVS subtopic on "Cometary outburst" that elaborates on how the coma of a comet could release x-ray with its underlying spheroidal torus vortex.

See an externally linked topic on "Supermassive Black Hole Devouring a Star" that elaborates on an observed star shredded and unwound by its black hole would become a red giant, "Supermassive Black Hole’s Dizzying Spin Is Half The Speed Of Light", "How black holes both consume and eject material", "Star being shredded by a massive black hole", "ALMA reveals secrets of a dying star", "Hubble Telescope reveals true shape of Ring Nebula" that reveals an unprecedented view of the nebula's three-dimensional nested torus structure with spokes, "Hyper-velocity star" that evidently suggest a star achieving escape velocity and therefore dislodges from its main galaxy would end up in a supernova explosion, and the mainstream hypotheses for "Nebular hypothesis" and "Stellar evolution" .

Image on far right is the Chandra x-ray image of the Cartwheel galaxy group[m], the bright spots as shown up in the image are ultra and hyperluminous X-ray sources of young supernovas and supernova remnants of the younger stars in the galaxy group.

According to nuclear fusion[w], all the very large and extremely luminous stars in the quasars of the Chartwheel galaxy would have burnt out and undergone supernova explosion before any of those other younger stars in the galaxy should. Nonetheless, it was empirically observed that many smaller young stars around the larger ring of the Chartwheel galaxy had gone supernovae, while all the very large stars in the quasars have had remained as extremely luminous stars.


Optical image

X-ray image

We wish to find the truth, no matter where it lies. But to find the truth we need imagination and skepticism both. We will not be afraid to speculate, but we will be careful to distinguish speculation from fact. - Carl Sagan

Based on the UVS model, a star coalesced by its stellar vortex, is vortically impelled by its vortical hypersphere.

From the UVS perspective, the brightness of a star depends on electric current generated by the dynamo effect[m] in magnetohydrodynamics[w] of its vortically culminated plasma that causes ionized matter to glow; electric glow discharge[w].

From the classical mechanics viewpoint, a particle with mass if impelled in vortical motion would produce kinetic energy that could be converted into electrical energy for the process of electric glow discharge.

Note: A magnetohydrodynamic dynamo has three requirements - a conducting viscous matter, rotation, and convection.

In the UVS worldview, a galactic vortex can spawn its satellite vortex with higher spinning speed in their differential rotations, and its dynamo effect of intensified aether vortical motion in a vortical gravitational singularity[uvs], can cause protoplanetary disks to evolve by the vortical consolidation of interstellar clouds with their precession effects of two-axis spin, and then they are ignited to glow as stars by their resonated dynamo effects.

The UVS research predicates the glow of a a star is vortically ignited by the dynamo effect of magnetohydrodynamics manifested in a resonated harmonic of its vortical gravitational singularity.

In a freely suspended state, the resonated interstellar materials are vortically consolidated as spinning mass of glowing plasma within a nested vortical hypersphere[uvs]; a newly spawned planetary system is vortically fused by vortical motion acting on spheroidally resonated interstellar clouds that spiral in the galactic vortex. Impelled by swirling motion of the galactic vortex, the vortically evolved star and planetary systems coalesced with interstellar materials, are vortically consolidated as a glowing galaxy with satellite galaxies.

All sources of radiation for galaxy clusters, galaxies, stars, novae, supernovae, planetary nebulae, and etc, are manifested from the vortical motion of aether in their nested spheroidal encapsulations.

The noble gas[w] enclosed in an electrically powered plasma lamp[w] is not burnt as fuel for the plasma to glow, hydrogen[w] would glow as long as it is ionized electrically in encapsulation; ionized gases are not burnt as fuel when they glow to radiate electromagnetic waves and produce heat upon interaction with matter.

Some empirical observations for electric glow discharge in natural phenomena are the polar aurorae of Jupiter and Saturn[uvs] that glow with their ionized hydrogen excited in the vortical motion of its polar vortex.


Plasma lamp


Hydrogen glow

A polar aurora on Jupiter [s]

See a UVS subtopics on "Comet outburst event" that elaborates on the natural electric glow discharge of comets.

From the UVS perspective, polar aurorae of a gas giant is caused by the vortical motion of its polar vortices; kinetic energy is converted to thermal energy in the vortical process for its plasma glow.

If the vortical motion of a precessing gas giant is intensified sufficiently by extremely high speed rotation, it would glow like a star; the effects of thermodynamics is caused by vortical motion of the celestial object.


Aurorae of Saturn

From the UVS perspective, in the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion neclosnythesis process of a star, the nucleons in the hydrogen atoms could fuse to create heavier elements. Also, the brightness of a star that is vortically impelled does not depend on the amount of nuclear fuel available for the star to burn. It primarily depends on its precession effects with its two-axis spin that renders the torque-free precession[w] to cuase the vortical motion of its viscous matter to heat up and light up the star.

The UVS research predicates the brightness of star depends on electric current generated by dynamo effect in magnetohydrodynamics of vortically consolidated plasma.

The high speed spin of plasma jet streams in vortical motion within the corona[w], could qualitatively explain why the corona is much hotter than the surface of the Sun with tightly packed photosphere that has much limited degree of freedom for motion; kinetic energy of plasma jet streams with vortical motion in high speed spin within the corona are converted to excessive heat.

The UVS research predicates the immense heat in corona of the Sun is produced by vortical motion of plasma jet streams with high speed spin by converting kinetic energy into heat.


.
Vortical systems within a vortical planetary system

Evidently, the vortical system of interstellar cloud in a vortical oneness has consolidated further to manifest unisonal vortices in unison within the star, its planets and their moons, in forms such as sunspot clusters[uvs] on photosphere of the Sun, planetary cloud bands and planetary storms[uvs] on nested atmosphere of gaseous planet.

From the UVS perspective, volcanic activities on the planets and their moons[uvs] with stratified surfaces, are caused by forced vortices of mantle sphere[uvs]. The various types of vortices are spawned as a result of torque-free precession[w] manifested in different nested layers of viscous matter, are caused by torque-induced precession[w] in the vortical system.


Io; Jupiter's moon [s]

Volcanic activity on Mars [s]

From the UVS perspective, without sufficient mass effect and vortical motion in transferring of angular momentum to impel a gas giant it therefore could not glow brilliantly; a brown dwarf[w] is a failed star that has not acquired enough vortical momentum to excite its hydrogen atoms to glow like a typical star.

The UVS research predicates a brown dwarf is a failed star that has not acquired enough vortical momentum to excite its hydrogen atoms to glow like a typical star.

This also comprehensively explains how a wobbling planet with inner sphere of viscous matter medium, could perpetually produce internal heat with its manifested vortical motion

An artist concept of brown dwarf OTS 44. 

Thermal radiation[w] from the interior of a planet and its satellites is generated by vortical motion in nested layers of viscous matter with precession effect.

The UVS research predicates the thermal radiation from the interior of a planetary object is generated by the vortical motion manifested in its nested layers of viscous matter with its induced precession effect.

Saturn's moon Enceladus[w], was discovered to have liquid water under its icy surface after observing geyser-like jets of icy particles rising from the moon's south polar region, but this is impossible as predicted with the Newton's law of universal gravitation[w] because of its small mass and its far distant from the Sun; all the underground water should have been frozen up.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism[uvs], the jets on Enceladus are formed by reactive centrifugal force[w] with resonated precession effects on liquid water. The spin-orbit libration[w] that oscillates the moon subjected to stronger precession effects at nearer proximity, can explain why it might be able to generate enough heat internally to liquefied the water underneath the icy surface; kinetic energy of motion within the wobbling moon was converted to heat with precession effects.

It is also inexplicable with Newton's law of universal gravitation that the Jupiter's moon Io has molten matters formed underneath its icy crust.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the effects of precession can qualitatively explain how vortical motion could generate internal heat from underneath the icy crust of Io.


Jets on Enceladus


Jupiter's moon Io

Vortical motion of aether is the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe. - UVS inspired -


.
The vortically manifested planetary orbitals

In the UVS worldview, a planetary system is vortically coalesced by its stellar vortical hypersphere[uvs], and this is impelled by its galactic vortical hypersphere.

From the UVS perspective, the Solar System was formed in a planetary vortical system that has had manifested in the galactic vortical system, which has had formed the Milky Way.

The UVS research predicates the Solar System is formed in a vortical planetary system that has had manifested in the galactic vortical system of the Milky Way.

The Solar System was formed in a vortical planetary system that
has had manifested in the vortical system of the Milky Way.
- UVS inspired

From the initial frame of reference with a fixed barycenter of the Solar System[uvs], a planetary orbit was developed in a ring torus orbital that has manifested in one of its nested polar vortex pair. A ring torus orbital is a standing wave[w] formed by a harmonic vortex that has extended from the vortically manifested vortex core.

The vortically coalesced satellites in a planetary system, are still propagating vortically in the orbitals of longitudinal waves[w] in their revolving paths with conserved angular momentum[w]. The angular momentum of a planet was transferred from the vortical dynamics of its rotating satellite vortex, which vortically impels the spiraling satellites to revolve around its main vortical system.

The image to the right at the center is a newly formed star HL Tau with its protoplanet that was coalescing in a womb of gas. In the UVS worldview, the star HL Tau is still at infancy stage of a star birth with a vortically coalesced protoplanet HL Tau b (small circular bright image at slightly after one o'clock position), also is in the process of forming as a gaseous planet.


Star HL Tau and its
protoplanet HL Tau b.

See externally linked topic on "Formation and evolution of the Solar System" that studies the formation of the planets.

All naturally formed Solar System objects are being vortically coalesced
in all hyperspherical variants of nested toroidal force field
s.” - UVS inspired -

From the UVS perspective, a vortically consolidated planet after clearing the neighborhood[w] in its two-axis spinor force field at a vertex, is impelled to vortically propagate in its ring torus orbital. The planet thus revolves in its planetary system with a collectively conserved angular momentum, which is collectively transferred from the motions of its previously scattered nebulous material.

In the galactic reference frame, it can be visualized that the motion of the Earth is transferred from the vortical motion of its galaxy; the Earth is impelled to vortically revolve around the Solar System barycenter that is also vortically impelled to revolve around the Galactic Center[w].

All planetary orbitals are with the vortical motion resonants that intrinsically resonate in the nested hypersphere of the Solar System; these orbitals manifest the orbits of the Solar System objects.

The UVS research predicates the orbit of a planet is manifested by the vortical motion that has intrinsically transferred from the nested hypersphere of the Solar System.

See the UVS topics on "Heliosphere" that elaborates on how are planetary orbits manifested in their ring torus orbitals, "A comparative analysis of the Solar System with the UVS atomic model" that illustrates on the vortical orbitals of the Solar System and the UVS atomic model, and "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Copernican heliocentrism" that reviews the conventional wisdom of planetary orbit.

All Solar System objects vortically revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System.- UVS inspired -

It is a scientific fact[d] that the Sun spirals to revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System. This is as a result of the Sun is exchanging angular momentum primarily with Jupiter, and also with all other Sun's satellites while the Sun moves.

It is believed that the Sun revolves by spiraling around the Galactic Center of the Milky Way galaxy at the velocity of approximately 232 km/s and it takes around 230 million years to make one revolving cycle. In the external reference frame of the Milky Way galaxy, the Sun as a matter of fact is moving in a composite helical path around the Galactic Center; this infers the motion of the Sun is primarily impelled by the vortical motion of its galaxy.

The motion of the Solar System is a vortical motion transferred from the vortical motion of the Milky Way galaxy, and the Solar System is being coalesced in a resonated vortical motion with nebulous material. This elucidates that the helical motions of Solar System objects are manifested by the vortical motion of the Solar System. Any two celestial objects revolving around each other with their barycenter vortically moving through space, will spiral in helical motions with precession effects.

With this transcendental visualization, one can comprehensively understand that all the manifested orbitals of celestial objects, are developed as a result of conserved angular momentum transferred from the vortical dynamics of a primordial nested toroidal vortex[uvs] in its two-axis spin. 

In its epistemic process[uvs] that is substantiated with empirical observations, the UVS research predicates the Solar System was manifested by the hyperspherical vortex spin fusion[uvs] of interstellar clouds in the resonant frequencies of standing waves, and they are vortically traversing in longitudinal waves.

The UVS research predicates the Solar System objects were manifested by hyperspherical vortex spin fusion of interstellar clouds in resonant frequencies of standing wave and they are vortically traversing in longitudinal waves.

The superpositioning[w] of two significant centrifugal forces of the dual-core planetary system in precession, renders the elliptical and apsidal motions of planets with two primary focal points in its manifested accretion disk.

From the UVS perspective, the Sun and its planets are perpetually spiraling toward the center of the Solar System that is also perpetually moving away with vortical motion in its helical path in the galactic reference frame. This renders the phenomenon of planetary orbits with apsidal and elliptical motions that are precessing in the localized reference frame of a static Sun.

With this cognitive paradox meticulously resolved in its transcendental perspective, it construes as a qualitative proof that the orbitals of celestial objects were developed as a result of their systematically conserved angular momentums, which are transferred from the resonated vortical motions of their underlying nested toroidal votices.

All celestial objects are externally impelled to rotate and revolve
in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.
- UVS inspired
-

See externally linked topics on "The Universal Helicola" that presents an impeccable illustration for the helicalmotion of Earth's path in space on page 269 in figure 13.1, which was comprehensively elaborated qualitatively, analytically and quantitatively, and "Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe" for some proposed mathematical models on revolving celestial objects.

In the UVS worldview, all Solar System objects revolve in vortical motion around the barycenter of the Solar System, which vortically revolves around the Galactic Center of Milky Way, and Milky Way with everything it vortically carries is vortically revolving around the Local Group[w]. Evidently, the orbits of planets and their satellites are as a result of transferred angular momentum conserved from a vortical origin in the Solar System.

These nested vortical motion in celestial scale of ever larger vortical systems is observable all the way to the largest observable structure of CMB dipole[uvs] in the observable universe, and in micro scale of ever smaller vortical systems it is observable all the way to the smallest observable structure of electron's motion[uvs] in subatomic particles.


Earth's magnetic field lines
with particle paths illustrated
.
[s]

All Solar System objects with the orbital inclinations of their apsidal precessions at tilted angles on the invariable plane, in fact are abscribing a nested ring torus topology with their planetary oribitals.- UVS inspired -

See the UVS topics on "Unisonal evolution mechanism" that elaborates on this vortical dynamics, "Aetheric jet stream" that elaborates on the particle paths of Earth's magnetic field lines, "The dust disk of star", and "The mysterious planetary rings" that illustrate vortically formed nested disks and ring systems of celestial objects.

See also video clips on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" that illustrates with an external perception for the helical motion of Earth in a moving Sun, and "The solar system's motion thru space". Note: These illustrations would be qualitatively more accurate if they show the barycenter motion of a moving Sun that propagates in a composite helical path around the Galactic Center.

Note: The vortical motions in the helical paths of spiralling planets were independently visualized with the UVS model in the UVS topic on "The structure of galaxy" without any prior reference. Other similar concepts were later found through the Internet on further inquiry, such as "Spiral Forms in Space" as illustrated by Dr. Wilhelm Reich (MD) in the web site of Dr. James DeMeo, Ph.D., "Universal Helicola" as illustrated by Dr. Vladimir Ginzburg, and "The solar system's motion thru space" as illustrated by Nassim Haramein. Nonetheless, among these similar illustrations, UVS uniquely illustrated with empirical evidence for how the Sun and its planets were vortically formed, why they propagate in spiral motions through space, and how they are vortically impelled to move in nested spiral motions around their barycenters.


.
The apparent retrograde rotation of Venus

Venus is an odd planet that apparently rotates about its axis in retrograde[d] motion for rendering the effect of a West rising Sun, and according to the International Astronomical Union (IAU), it is thus considered to be rotating in opposite direction in the Solar System.

However, the planetary rotation direction in Solar System according to the IAU, is perceived in a frame of reference[w] with respect to the Sun. From this perspective looking from above the North of the Earth, there is no issue for a revolving planet in cyclonic motion if it is cyclonically rotating at an angular speed faster than its revolving angular speed, but there is a critical issue if the revolving angular speed is faster than the rotating angular speed.


Venus

If a planet is cyclonically rotating in counter-clockwise direction at an angular speed slower than the counter-clockwise angular speed of its cyclonic revolving path, from the Sun's perspective, the planet would be deemed as rotating in clockwise direction. It is paradoxically rotating in clockwise direction in the frame of reference from the Sun's perspective, this is as a result of its counter-clockwise angular speed is rotating slower than the counter-clockwise angular speed revolving around the Sun; this paradoxically renders the optical illusion that Venus is rotating in clockwise direction in its counter-clockwise revolving path.

If Venus is in retrograde rotation at all, it should take less than the approximately 224.7 days for its sidereal rotation period in its apparently perceived retrograde rotation; this is not the case. Critically, the apparently perceived retrograde rotation of Venus is a relative motion illusion rendered in its observational delusion.

In its transcendental perspective, Venus is cyclonically rotating in counter-clockwise direction in the Solar System reference frame with prograde[d] motion. The cognitive paradox was thus meticulously resolved with its delusional observation elucidated.

The UVS research predicates the rotation of Venus is cyclonically spinning in counter-clockwise direction in its counter-clockwise revolving path. Inspired in a forum discussion with Graham Burnett.

It is a fact that Venus takes approximately 243 days for its apparently perceived retrograde rotation (or approximately -243 days for its sidereal rotation period) , while it takes approximately 224.7 days to revolve around the Sun; Venus is rotating away in counter-clockwise direction with prograde motion. The fact that Venus rotates in counter-clockwise direction in its counter-clockwise revolving path around the Sun, as can be empirically observed from the external perspective of the Solar System, is a qualitative proof that Venus is cyclonically rotating with prograde motion.

Note: The negative sign for the sidereal rotation period of Venus, is merely a symbolic indication for its apparently perceived retrograde motion.

In a similar manner viewing from the external reference frame looking at an intrinsic rotation, a galactic hypersphere in its retrograde motion revolving in its galactic cluster in an overall prograde motion, would paradoxically render the optical visual with the apparent observation of a spiral galaxy in that retrograding hypersphere is bizarrely rotating against the rotation of the spiral arms.


.
The primeval Earth and its moon

Based on the UVS model, the Earth with its moon in their primeval molten forms, are coalesced from the vortically captured nebulous material with their ring torus force fields.

And these ring torus structures, are impelled by the stellar vortex of the Solar System to vortically revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System. A vortical fusion effect manifested with the precession effect of its two-axis spin in the ring torus force field at a vertex[w], would vortically consolidate the higher density nebulous materials more toward the core of its vortically manifested spheroidal torus force field, and vortically spreads the lighter density material toward its outer nested layers.

This hypothesis could explain why the materials on Moon coalesced with the interstellar clouds in a satellite vortex carrying a spectrum of lighter density materials, is similar to the composition of Earth; the Moon could be evolved in the same nested vortical system in which the Earth was evolved from.

See the UVS topic on "Polar j et stream" that elaborates on how a polar jet stream is vortically manifested by its nested polar vortex.

After the ring torus structure with caputred nebulous clouds are compressed to a compact region in the manifested force field of a hyperspherical vortex spin fusion[uvs] resonated with its precession effect, it thus renders the effects of clearing the neighborhood[w]. These effect coalesced the nebulous material in the ring torus force field to vortically form the spheroidal Earth. A vortically manifested ring torus force field that has had formed around the Earth, and had also compressed to a compact region in its ring torus structure, thus coalesced the accreted nebulous materials to form as the Moon.

In this hypothesis, the Moon is vortically consolidated from a ring torus orbital of nebulous material that revolves in the vortical system of the primordial Earth.

The UVS research predicates the primeval Earth with its Moon is vortically coalesced with nebulous matarial captured in their ring torus force fields.

From the UVS perspective, most craters on Earth and Moon could be the remnants of molten matter vortices that were formed before they were stratified; unisonal vortex mechanism can explain the numerous crater formations on the primeval Earth and the primeval Moon. In geological time, Earth has a viscous mantle sphere underneath its crust, and therefore vortices of liquefied crust could still be an ongoing process that occasionally would intensify as a result of a strong Solar System alignment effect[uvs].

See the UVS topics on "Dual-core crater" and "The driver of earthquakes" that elaborate on vortical interactions in natural geological events with compelling evidence.

The lunar surface is marred with numerous craters laced in basalt materials[m] are evident that these are remnants of vortices of liquefied crust. The surface of Earth is also marred with numerous craters in packs that are visible from space. Examine satellite image of Earth closely would reveal countless big and small craters by the hundreds all over the world, visible on main lands and sea beds as well.


Craters on Earth's moon

Large and small craters in Siberia

In comparative studies, the gaseous surfaces of Jupiter and Saturn are laced with packed vortices that are still active, many of their moons are also marred with numerous craters in packs.

Beneath the stratified surface for some of these moons such as Io, vortices of liquefied crust are supposedly still active, and therefore could manifest as volcanic activities and their periodical earthquakes.

See a paper on "Jupiter and Io Observe Each Other" that suggests moon Io undergoes tides and earthquakes on a 42-hour cycle as it orbits Jupiter.

In the above thermal image of Saturn, literally hundreds of storm clouds encircle the pole, appearing as dark spots in this infrared spectrometer thermal image; these are vortically induced swirling motion that were manifested on the surfaces of its gaseous atmospheric layers. The Earth and its moon in their primeval molten forms would have been laced with molten satellite vortices similar to the gas giants, and after becoming stratified these vortices then became the craters as their remnants.

 

I have often made the hypothesis that ultimately physics will not require a mathematical statement,
that in the end the machinery will be revealed and the laws will turn out to be simple.
- Richard Feynman

 

 

 

~ With special thanks to Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum) for his post #135 on protoplanet HL Tau b, this is strong scientific evidence for the vortical formation of stars and planets, and this image has important implications in many aspects for Universal Vortical Singularity. It is the missing link in factual astronomy observation as evidence that completes the nested vortical hypersphere of the cosmos worldview of Universal Vortical Singularity; this is a critical piece of evidence for the unisonal vortical interactions that forms a chain of celestial object formations from a galaxy system to its star systems and planetary systems in a unisonal motion of a universal vortical system.

~ With special thanks to Graham Burnett (aka G_burnett of TOEQuest Forum) for his post on hyper-velocity star that evidently suggest a star achieving escape velocity and therefore dislodge from its main galaxy would end up in a supernova explosion.

~ With special thanks to Graham Burnett for his intellectual interactions on magnetism, magnet pole reversal of Earth and magnetosphere of Uranus. The discussion has also led to reveal on the apparent retrograde rotation of Venus is actually rotating cyclonically in counter-clockwise direction similar to other planets in the Solar System.

~ With special thanks to Anna Lorrina Mitchell (aka labelwench of TOEQuest) for her post #727 linking to "Space tornado" that evidently illustrates the vortical dynamics of a stellar jet observed with NASA's Spitzer infrared telescope.

~ With special thanks to Professor Christopher W. Hodshire from Western Michigan University for his email on highlighting a link to"Galaxy Cluster Spawns Stars Faster Than Any In Known Universe". In the UVS worldview, this is strong scientific evidence for the existence of an intergalactic toroidal vortex system that vortically spawn stars, and then these stars vortically coalesced as a cluster of galaxies.

~ With special thanks to anonymous from Singapore for his email on highlighting a link to "Supermassive Black Hole’s Dizzying Spin Is Half The Speed Of Light", "ALMA reveals secrets of a dying star" that evidently illustrates the spiral structure of the red giant star R Sculptoris, the reports on "Never-Before-Seen Stage of Planet Birth Revealed", and "Hubble Telescope reveals true shape of Ring Nebula" that reveals an unprecedented view of the nebula's three-dimensional nested torus transformed structure with vortical spokes.

 

 

Some resonated remarks received that are relevant to this UVS topic on "The formation of stars and galaxies":

“I would think that every physicist, astronomer, cosmologist, and chemist would shout HALLELUJAH! when coming upon your comprehensive and compelling work of the UVS treatise! (11th May 2021)
- Dr. Kevin Dann, historian and naturalist, the author of 13 books, including Enchanted New York; The Road to Walden; Expect Great Things: The Life and Search of Henry David Thoreau; Bright Colors Falsely Seen: Synaesthesia and the Search for Transcendental Knowledge; Across the Great Border Fault: The Naturalist Myth in America; and Lewis Creek Lost and Found. He has taught at Rutgers University, University of Vermont, and the State University of New York.

Also loved reading your research again. It does make me rethink and in some cases, relearn my understanding of the cosmos. (28th Aug 2012)
- Professor Christopher W. Hodshire from Western Michigan University.

“The UNIVERSAL VORTICAL SINGULARITY is the best cosmological model available today to explain the Universe.” (23th March 2011)
- Pat Nolan, blog writer of “Holographic Superfluid Universe”.

An intriguing website full of enlightening concepts and analyses! (Dec 2009)
- Dr. Wayne Nowland, physicist, researcher, philosopher, and author, planned and launched Australia's first AUSSAT communications satellite system.

Objectively speaking, even in its present mostly qualitative form, UVS makes a significant contribution to the discovery of spiral nature of the universe. No person holds a complete truth about the nature of the universe, and UVS brings attention of scientists to an interesting path of solving this very challenging problem., With great respect, Vladimir.(28th Jun 2009)
- Dr. Vladimir B. Ginzburg, mathematician, accomplished material scientist, author of "Prime Elements of Ordinary Matter, Dark Matter & Dark Energy", "Spiral Grain of the Universe" and several other renowned books such as "Metallurgical Design of Flat Rolled Steels" for applied science, and holds over fifty U.S. and foreign patents.

UVS is the future of science. (12th Dec 2008)
- Allen Barrow (aka PoPpAScience of TOEQuest Forum); author of "NINE ELEMENT TRINITY".

 

 

Image and animation credits:
Image of The Crab Nebula; M1 - NASA, ESA, J. Hester and A. Loll (Arizona State University)

Video clip on "Star being shredded by a massive black hole" - ASA, S. Gezari (The Johns Hopkins University), and J. Guillochon (University of California, Santa Cruz)
Video clip on "Earth Rotation & Revolution around a moving Sun" - By Kurdistan Planetarium
Video clip "The solar system's motion thru space" - By The Resonance Project / Nassim Haramein.avi
Animation for the orbital motion of two bodies - By Zhatt
Animated transformation of torus - By Lucas Vieira; Wiki Common
Animation simulation of gravitational lensing by a black hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of AB Aurigae star
- By ESO's Very Large Telescope
Image of Bode's galaxy M81 - NASA
Image of a nested toroidal vortex that encapsulates a galaxy group - Traced by Vincent Wee-Foo onto the Cartwheel Galaxy image from Anglo-Australian Observatory photographed by S. Lee, C. Tinney and D. Malin.
Images of the Cartwheel Galaxy - NASA
Image of the quasar of the Cartwheel Galaxy - By Space Telescope Science Institute, J. Bahcall/Princton University, NASA.
Images of X-ray Cartwheel Galaxy - Chandra; NASA/CXC/A.Wolter & G.Trinchieri et al.
Image of Galaxy M81- NASA
Image of protoplanetary disk - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of heliosphere - NASA
Image of Whirlpool galaxy M51 with NGC 5195 - NASA
Image of sunspots - Swedish Institute for Solar Physics,
ISP, Göran Scharmer and Mats Löfdahl
Images of Jupiter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of Jupiter's moon- Io - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of OTS44 - Universe Today
Image of jets on Enceladus - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of Large Magellanic Cloud - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of blue star cluster NGC 1978 - UA Astronomy
Image of globular cluster - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of Orion arm and image of Milky Way structure - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of electron's motion - Credit: Image courtesy of Johan Mauritsson, Lund University

Image of craters on Earth's moon - Images from the Universe
Image of aurora on Jupiter as viewed by Hubble - By NASA, ESA, and J. Nichols (University of Leicester)
Thermal image of Saturn - credit NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute/University of Arizona.
Io (moon) and image - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Images of Uranus and its magnetic field - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of dipole field
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia; Geek3

 

The classified denotations with URL links for the individual words and specific phrases denoted in the UVS treatise:

[uvs]
-
A specific UVS topic or a source from the UVS treatise.
[g]
-
The definition for the word in the glossary list of the UVS treatise.
[d]
-
The general definitions for the word from an the Internet dictionary source.
[w]
-
A specific topic of the free encyclopedia by Wikipedia. 
[m]
-
A miscellaneous Internet source.
[s]
-

The Internet source for the inserted image or animation.

The inception of this UVS topic was on 19th June 2007 with ongoing updates since.

 

 

 

 

Free Hit Counter counter was reset on 02/02/2010

 

Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses grounded on a generally unheard-of UVS model, bound to have shortcomings, such as loose ends, errors, and omissions errors. Many details and assumptions in its propositions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or verified. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the UVS topics presented in the UVS worldview, so if any term or statement is offensive in any manner from whatsoever perspectives, is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Also, the content of the UVS topics, from time to time could be arbitrarily modified without any notice.

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Copyright information: This UVS web site is for non-profit purposes and not for commercial use. Wherever possible, direct credits to the origins of the works or images were provided, be it on fair dealings, with explicit permission from their owners, or the materials were believed to be from the public domain.