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The dragging effects of landmass

At the northern hemisphere when the cyclonic wind current of the nested polar vortex is blocked by the mountain ranges, it is dragged and thus its overall intensity would be weakened.

The Arctic polar vortex at North Pole.

An atmospheric chart of the Earth showing the ozone layer.

Atmospheric air molecules are bonded with their intermolecular cohesion, therefore when an Arctic polar vortex is generated, all the atmospheric layers at the North Pole[w] driven by its rotational force would differentially move in unison.

Despite the altitude of stratosphere[w] is high up at 10 to 50 kilometers above the troposphere[w], the higher density troposphere air mass at the bottom blocked by mountain ranges acts like a brake to drag on the air mass at stratosphere from spinning at its full wind speed. This would absolutely reduce the intensity of the polar vortex at the North Pole, as thus the vortex column could not be formed like the Antarctica polar vortex on the opposite side of the Earth that is relatively free of blockage.

This dragging effects of landmass could be understood with a whirlpool experiment.

A steady state whirlpool as shown was first generated by a vortex generator to form a free vortex[uvs] in the water.

Some stones were then strategically placed at the bottom of the tank to simulate the dragging effects of landmass, such that the free vortex looses its intensity and reduce to become a blind vortex[uvs] (not shown) that does not have a vortex column.

When the stones were removed, the intensity of the vortex was observed to built up quickly with its vortical runaway effect, and the vortex column was formed again as shown in the image.

A whirlpool experiment with a free vortex generated in a tank of water.

See the UVS topic on "Tornado" that explain how land masses could have diverted the path of a jet stream to a narrow terrain, and when intensified in a narrow path of for airflow, a chain of tornadoes could be formed when a strong Solar System alignment effect occurs.

See an externally linked topic on "Gulf Stream" that illustrates ocean currents are shaped by their landmass effect.



Image and animation credits:
Image of polar vortex on northern hemisphere - Science Daily
Earth atmosphere chart - NASA
Image of whirlpool - Vincent Wee-Foo


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