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The UVS inductive resolution on sunspot

Based on the UVS model, a sunspot is a manifested plasmatic unisonal vortex, which has had vortically resonated to intrinsically spawn in the photosphere of the Sun.
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The Solar System is formed in a planetary vortical system that
has manifested in the vortical system of the Milky Way.
- UVS inspired -

In the UVS worldview, the Solar System itself is a planetary vortical system with all the Solar System objects vortically revolves around the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), and it spirals around the dual-core Galactic Center within a larger nested vortical hypersphere system; sunspot is a vortically manifested phenomenon formed by the external vortical interactions that have had intrinsically resonated in its nested vortical hypersphere.

From the UVS perspective, Sun and its planets have had vortically coalesced from molecular clouds of stellar materials in a spiral arm of the Milky Way galaxy, and this predication of UVS is evidently supported with the discovered AB Aurigae star that was empirically observed to have had been vortically coalesced in its protoplanetary disk.

As observed, the protoplanetary disk formed around the young AB Aurigae star as shown in this image, distinctly demonstrates it has a ring torus force field in its nested spiral structure, and it also demonstrated a vortical void.

All Solar System objects vortically revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System.


The protoplanetary disk of the AB Aurigae star.

See the UVS subtopics on "The Polar aurorae of Jupiter" for its comparative analysis on sunspot, "A star is vortically formed in a larger vortical system that impels its galaxy" that illustrates with empirical evidence on this vortical phenomenon that is currently coalescing a star and its protoplanet in their primordial stage, "The vortical motion of the Sun", and "The vortically manifested planetary orbitals" for elaboration on how all celestial objects are rotating and revolving in vortical motion.

All Solar System objects vortically revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System. - UVS inspired

This vortical hypersphere model that postulates a barycentric Solar System in the UVS worldview, is a paradigm shift from the mainstream endorsed solar nebular model that postulates a Sun centric Solar System.

From the UVS perspective, the underlying nested vortex of photosphere manifested by the precession effects of the Sun, renders the phenomenon of sunspot.

It is synergistically caused by a torque-induced precession that transforms the structure of the photosphere in its polar vortex pair, and then with its torque-free precession resonated on the photosphere, it spawns a unisonal vortex at a focal point to manifest as a sunspot.


Image of a sunspot.

The UVS research predicates a sunspot is a unisonal vortex that has spawned in the photosphere of the Sun.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, at the vertex where its intrinsic two-axis spin is crisscrossed on the photosphere of the Sun, it could resonate with its manifested torque-free precession to vortically spawn a sunspot.

The intrinsic two-axis vortical motions generated from inside-out of the nested spheroidal structure of the Sun, would render the effects of torque-free precession on its photosphere, and thus could spawn sunspots at the lower latitudes with the intensified solar jet streams that have had manifested around the boundaries of their polar vortex pair.


The dual-axis
of a spheroid.

From the UVS perspective, the vortically manifested vortex eye on the photosphere is a depressed void area, whereby the usual presence of plasmatic viscous matter required for the thermal convection is vortically displaced.

The vortical eye effect thus optically renders the sunspot's inert dark center phenomenon; the vortical void limits convection and therefore the umbra region is much cooler and less illuminated than the surrounding.

The UVS research predicates the inert dark center of a sunspot is caused by the void of vortex eye that limits convection.

The cognitive paradox that renders sunspot as a mysterious phenomenon, was thus resolved with its underlying vortical structure and mechanism explicated.

All direct and indirect evidence illustrated herein pertaining to sunspot with the vortical manifestations of Sun's nested polar vortex pair, solar jet streams, sunspot clusters, and solar cycles, converged as strong evidence from the UVS perspective for suggesting that sunspot is a manifested unisonal vortex of photosphere as a result of a resonated precession effect.

Watch video clips on "An experiment of acoustic sound waves" and "Non-Newtonian Fluid on a Speaker Cone" that demonstrate the how mechanical force of induced seismic waves could interact in a high viscosity medium. In the experiment with some interventions, mechanically resonated standing waves with excitations in the medium can be observed to manifest a dynamic cluster of wrapped surfaces that resembles pairs of splitting dual-core vortex. Heuristically, when a synergetic of torque-induced precession and torque-free precession occurs at a focal point in the photosphere of the Sun, its could thus generate such standing waves.

The grounding for its epistemic theories of truth: The underlying vortical structure and mechanism of a sunspot as explicated with its hypothetical construct based on the UVS model, elucidated its delusional observations that render their misconception, mysteries, and anomalies. Thus, its cognitive paradox was simply dispersed, and all the related natural phenomena were then qualitatively analysed in the conceptual framework of UVS by inductive reasoning for explicating with their empirical evidence to predicate by abductive reasoning.

See the UVS topics on "Overviews of the UVS research" that elaborates on the methodology for the evaluations of natural phenomena.


By visualizing the underlying vortical structures and mechanisms, it intuitively
reveals the actualities of the mysteriously rendered natural phenomena.
- UVS inspired -



The polar vortex pair of the Sun

From the UVS perspective, the photosphere on both hemispheres of the Sun subjected to its rotation, becomes a forced vortex pair.

Paradoxically, at equator, the surface of the photosphere is on the highest potential plane, and at the polar center the surface of the photosphere it is at the lowest potential point.

See the UVS topics on "The atmospheric nested polar vortex of Earth" and "The vortices of Jupiter" that elaborate on how nested polar vortex pairs on planets could be vortically spawned.

The driving force for the solar polar vortex pair could come from the Sun revolving around the Galactic Center or its star system, and this effect could transform the forced vortex pair into a stable and long-lived free vortex pair in the photosphere at the two polar regions that cyclonically spin around the polar axis.

The pressure gradient rendered on the forced vortex pair by a focused tidal force with the Solar System alignment effect, largely comes from the aligned gas giants or their barycenters, and this could intensify the manifested solar polar vortex pair.

The extremely large and stable polar vortex pair of the Sun, renders the polar caps phenomenon as long-lived corona holes. These are where the coronal temperature and atmospheric density are suddenly dropped in the low pressure systems of the vortical voids of their vortex columns.

The UVS research predicates the long-lived corona holes in the form of polar caps of the Sun, are vortical voids in the polar vortex pair of the photosphere.


The long-lived polar caps.


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The solar jet stream pair

Based on the UVS model, the solar jet stream pair phenomenon observed along the equator is rendered by the ring torus pair of its nested polar vortex pair manifested on the photosphere; the solar jet stream pair is a substructure of its solar polar vortex pair.

The UVS research predicates the solar jet stream pair is vortex substructures impelled by the polar vortex pair of the photosphere.

In the UVS worldview, the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS) when interacts intensely with the Sun by aligning with other major planetary barycenters, would intensify the nested polar vortex pair on the photosphere of the Sun to manifest a pair of nested solar jet streams.

The UVS research predicates the solar jet stream pair is manifested by the intense vortical interactions of the BOTSS and the Sun by aligning with other major planetary barycenters.

From the UVS perspective, a sunspot cluster is impelled by the solar jet stream to intrinsically form. And a nested pair solar jet streams when intensified, would impel to manifest sunspot clusters to form in the nested polar jet streams that circulate along on both hemispheres of the Sun as had been observed.

See the UVS topic on "Polar jet streams" that elaborates on how a polar jet stream is vortically manifested by its nested polar vortex.

"We still don't understand exactly how jet streams trigger sunspot production," says Pesnell. "Nor do we fully understand how the jet streams themselves are generated." - Excerpt from "Mystery of the Missing Sunspots, Solved?"

The cognitive paradox that renders the mysterious phenomenon of solar jet stream, was thus meticulously resolved with its underlying vortical structure and mechanism explicated.

The fact that the empirically observed solar jet stream demarcates around a polar vortex, and with its cognitive paradox resolved, it is a qualitative proof for a solar jet stream is a sub-structure of its polar vortex.

When the solar polar vortex pair is intensified by a planetary barycenter alignment, its solar jet streams are thus intensified to manifest an increased number of sunspots in clusters along the solar jet streams. This underlying effect thus renders the observed sunspot cluster phenomenon.

The UVS research predicates a sunspot cluster is impelled by its solar jet stream and this is impelled by its polar vortex in a unisonal vortical motion.

This is similar to how an atmospheric polar vortex on Earth impels a polar jet stream, when intensified could manifests its tornado cluster.

Hypothetically, when the photosphere is in prograde motion with its inner convective layer, the Sun, as well as the manifested sunspots, have the normal magnetic polarity.

When the photosphere is in retrograde motion with its inner convective layer, the Sun, as well as the manifested sunspots, would have their magnetic polarity reversed.

A periodical oscillation of the photosphere and its inner convective layer would render the periodical magnetic cycle of the magnetic pole switch.


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The barycenter of the Solar System - BOTSS

In the UVS worldview, the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), is a dominant vortical singularity of the Solar System.

The Sun in its composite apsidal precession exchanging angular momentum with all its satellites, vortically revolves around the BOTSS.

From the UVS perspective, the Sun spirals around the BOTSS in a composite helical motion to revolve around the dual-core Galactic Center of the Milky Way galaxy at the velocity of approximately 232 km/s, and it takes around 230 million years to make one revolving cycle.

In the Milky Way galaxy reference frame, the rotating Sun with reactive oscillations carrying all its satellites, is in fact spiraling in a helical path to revolve around the dual-core Galactic Center. This infers the motion of the Sun encapsulated in its vortically manifested heliosphere, is primarily impelled and modulated by the vortical motion of the Milky Way galaxy. And the motion of the Solar System is a resonated dual-core vortical motion transferred from the motion of the vortically coalesced nebulous materials.

The Solar System is fundamentally a vortical hypersphere system that has had resonated to manifest in the nested vortical hypersphere system of the Milky Way galaxy.

All celestial objects are externally impelled to rotate and revolve
in vortical motion with resonated precession effects.
- UVS inspired
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The heliosphere with high-speed runaway charged particles that collectively exchange angular momentum with the Sun, would induce a significant mass effect that contributes for manifesting the actual barycenter of the Solar System.

Note: The conventional Solar System model does not factor in the mass effect of the ejected charged particles encapsulated in the wobbling heliosphere, which is approximately 18 trillion times the volume of the Sun. This suggests the actual barycenter of the Solar System is not the conventional barycentric coordinate, which was calculated without considering the mass effect of those ejected charged particles that propagate in spiral motion at an average velocity of 400-500 km per second, vortically pushed away from the Sun in the Solar System to fill the entire heliosphere. The volume of the Sun is ~1.412×10^18 cubic km, the mass of the Sun is ~1.9891×10^30 kg, heliosphere has an approximate radius of 122 astronomical units, assuming the average density of the Solar Wind is 4.0 atoms per cubic centimeter throughout the heliosphere, the mass of a proton is ~1.6726×10^-27 kg. And therefore a very sketchy calculation with omission errors for the total mass of supersonic protons in the heliosphere is only roughly 1.70x10^20 kg, but this could have a significant precessing effect on the Solar System in an overall angular momentum of ~7.67x10^28 kg m s^-1 with its 450 km average velocity, and this is apparently not a minuscule effect. If consider an upper limit for the density of solar wind at 7.0 atoms per cubic centimeter as suggested by the other solar wind research, the potential mass effect of protons in the heliosphere is approximately 6.75% of the Sun's mass.

Remarks: A 3D barycentric Solar System model with all Solar System objects and the major barycenters revolving around the BOTSS in vortical motion, is imperative for the correct understanding of the celestial mechanics. And as a matter of fact, the mainstream Solar System model with a static Sun postulated as the center of the Solar System is fundamentally flawed; it was fallaciously based on a cognitive paradox and therefore had critically suffered its foundational crisis.

The Sun is not the center of the Solar System. - UVS inspired -

See the UVS subtopic on "The cognitive paradox fallacy in Copernican heliocentrism" for further elaboration on this cognitive paradox.



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The barycenter drivers of the solar cycle

In the UVS worldview, the intensity for the precession effect of the Sun that causes sunspots to vortically spawn, is rendered by the barycenter effects of the Solar System.

From the UVS perspective, Sun vortically revolves around the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), is as a result of the Sun is exchanging angular momentum with the barycenters of all other Solar System objects, their sub-satellites, and all other stuff that are vortically encapsulated in the vortical hypersphere of the Sun. Sunspots are impelled by the nested polar vortex pair of the Sun with its pair of nested solar jet streams, and the nested polar vortex is manifested by the precession effect of the revolving Sun that rotates on its axis, which is precessing in the axis of the invariable plane to oscillate in its rotation.

Heuristically, the four gas giants are the dominating planets in the Solar System that exchange angular momentum with the Sun most significantly, and with superposition principle on the vortical effects of their barycenters when aligning with the BOTSS and the Sun, these nonmaterial entities could dominantly induce vortical motions on the photosphere of the Sun, and thus subliminally modulate the empirically observed solar cycle with their orbital forcing on the Sun.

All physical objects are ruled by the motions of their resonated vortical singularities. - UVS inspired -

Watch a video clip on "SkyMarvels™ SOLAR SYSTEM BARYCENTER" that illustrates a quasi barycenter motion of the Solar System.

Author's note: The concept for the barycenter of the Solar System was independently conceived with the UVS model, it was later discovered on the 9th of August in 2013 that a video clip titled as "SkyMarvels™ SOLAR SYSTEM BARYCENTER" also depicted this concept. This was an excellent video presentation on the concept for the barycenter of the Solar System, hence its link was then inserted in the UVS web site.

Sunspots imaged on 22 June 2004 around the period of a solar minimum.

In the reference frame of a fixed barycenter of Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn in a simplified setting as shown with the animation on right , it could be perceived that the Sun reactively revolves around this barycenter.

With this example as the basis for the thought experiment by contemplating with the illustrated animation, it illustrates how the Sun reactively revolves around the barycenter of Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn (+) to make one integral cycle that starts with the inferior conjunction of the Sun-Jupiter-Saturn alignment.

With this animation, it could be intuitively visualized that the Sun in its reactive curvilinear path, revolves to align twice with the revolving barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn (BJS) in one intergal cycle.

Note: Apology for both of these barycenters were not indicated in this animation with its simplified setup.

From the UVS perspective, in the actual planetary outset of the Solar System that largely involves the four gas giants, the alignment of the Sun and the BOTSS when periodically aligns with a significant barycenter formed by a group of the gas giants, would render the solar minima and solar maxima phenomena with the orbital forcing on the Sun as a result of the barycentric alignments.

This barycentric alignment effect is fundamental to the empirically observed solar cycle.

The reference frame of this simplified animation as illustrated is fixed on the barycenter (+) of Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn.

The UVS research predicates the solar cycle is driven by the significant barycenter of a group of the gas giants that periodically aligns with the BOTSS and the Sun.

Download this simulated barycentric planetarium video to see the planetary simulation of a reactively revolving Sun in the SSB barycentric coordinate system. Note: SSB is the barycenter of the Sun and its nine major planets in this planetarium setup, and it is a quasi BOTSS.

Counter intuitively, it is unthinkable to visualize the nonmaterial entities in the Solar System that could not be visually observed.

See the groundbreaking UVS case study on the barycenter drivers of the solar cycle that illustrates what were modulating the past solar cycles.

This barycentric case study suffice as strong evidence for the solar cycle is primarily driven by the periodical alignments of the barycenter of a group of the gas giants, the barycenter of the Solar System, and the mass center of the Sun.

You simply won't find activities that you don't visualize. - Scott F. Gilbert

Notes: The alignment of Jupiter-SSB-Sun was initially investigated against the observed solar cycles, and concluded it is not the direct driver for the solar cycle. The SSB was also investigated to be not causing the Sun's magnetic pole to be reversed when the Sun moved into it. After investigating the barycenters of the gas giants that align with the alignment of the Sun and SSB, it was then revealed that the periodical oscillation of the gas giant barycenters, modulates the solar cycle.

The period of the 11-year solar cycle is merely a putative figure; it was averaged from the 24 solar cycles of 264 years (from 1755 to 2019) with periods ranging from 9-year to 13.6-year.

It was discovered in 5 solar minimum cases (before 05 Min, 07 Min, 12 Min, 14 Min, and 24 Min, as indicated with yellow arrows in the chart.) of the UVS case study, they were overrun from manifesting their solar minima as anticipated with the Sun-SSB-BJS alignments.

Apparently, all these 5 manifested solar minima, have somehow had their previous Sun-SSB-BJS alignments negated, and thus caused the overrun solar minima.

See a paper on "A Solar Cycle Lost in 1793-1800" that suggests a solar cycle was lost before the solar minimum of solar cycle 5.

The alignments of the mass center of the Sun with the significant barycenters of the Solar System, are subliminally modulating the solar cycle with the occasional barycentric negations.

Notes:
SSB - The quasi Solar System Barycenter
BUN - Barycenter of Uranus and Neptune
BJS - Barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn

This animation highlights the transit of Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn conjunctions in four quarters for the solar cycles from 12 Max to 16 Max, which the solar minima and solar maxima in this selective period were mostly modulated by the alignment of Sun-SSB-BJS.

As shown in the above animation, in the period from 1883 December to 1928 April while there were 10 alignments of Sun-SSB-BJS, one alignment was apparently negated from manifestation when Jupiter and Saturn were also aligned with the alignment of BUN-Sun-BJS superior conjunction, which has had occurred just before the solar minimum of the ISN proposed solar cycle 14 in January 1902.

Click here to see the supposedly negated alignment caused by a superior conjunction of BUN-Sun-BJS that had occurred before the solar minimum of solar cycle SC14.

The alignment apparently has had occurred in Sep 1901 when Jupiter and Saturn were also aligned with the alignment of BUN-Sun-BJS superior conjunction. In the alignment, Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn in their inferior conjunction were also aligned with the Sun-SSB alignment. The superior conjunction arrangement of the barycenters in this case, apparently is negating the anticipated solar minimum from occurring.

The barycentric orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn (~59.3 year) and the barycenter of Uranus and Neptune (~172 year), has a near synodic cycle of ~178 year.

In a ~178 year synodic cycle (From SC03 Max in 1778 May with >350 sunspots, to SC19 Max in 1958 Mar with >350 sunspots) of BUN , Sun, and BJS, the 36 alignments of Sun-SSB-BJS was apparently negated 4 times by BUN. It was negated two times (SC05 Min to SC07 Min) before and after the superior conjunctions of BUN-Sun-BJS, and also negated two times (SC12 Min to SC14 Min) before and after the inferior conjunctions of BUN-BJS-Sun.

One ~19.8 year full cycle of the Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn conjunction makes 4 alignments of Sun-SSB-BJS, so in 9 full cycles (178/20 = 9.0) of this conjunction occurring in the ~178 year near synodic cycle with the 4 negated alignments, the negations render the ~22 year full solar cycle {178/(9 - [4/4]) = 22.25}.

In a span of ~262 years from 1755 to 2017 that had manifested 24 solar cycles, despite Jupiter-Sun-Saturn had completed 26 half integral-cycles (262/10), it had lost 5 quarter cycles (or 2.5 half solar cycle) to the negation. This apparently renders the average 11 year solar cycle {262 / (26 - 2.5) = 11.15}.

It was also observed that while the superior conjunction of Uranus-Sun-Neptune was phasing in and phasing out, SC12 Max to SC15 Max were all modulated by the Sun-SSB-BJS alignments. Apparently, Uranus and Neptune when in a quite balanced arrangement around the Sun, could negate the barycentric modulation effect for the solar cycle.

These suggest the observed ~22 year full solar cycles were mainly modulated by the conjunctions of Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn in their ~19.8 year integral cycle, and these were primarily triggered by the Sun-SSB-BJS alignments, and some of these alignments were being negated, and therefore altered its ~19.8 year periodicity.

Download this simulated heliocentric planetarium video to see how Jupiter and the quasi barycenter of the Solar System (BSS) were racing each other in the heliocentric coordinate system, and observe at times how they overtook each other while revolving around the Sun.

The barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn in its ~19.8 year full conjunction cycle racing with the BOTSS around the Sun, could be driving the ~22-year full magnetic solar cycle with its occasional negations.

Note: Jupiter and Saturn complete one integral cycle of inferior conjunction in a period of ~19.8 year.

Remarks: It would be great if there is an interactive planetarium application of true barycentrism that could indicate to show how the gas giants' barycenters dynamically revolve around the barycenter of the Solar System. Such an analytical tool capable of capturing and thus illustrates the alignments of the barycenters with intricate details and resolved nth-body problems, should be very useful to correctly evaluate the barycentric alignments, and would thus accurately show how these barycenters with their occasional negations are rendering the ~11 year solar cycle and the ~22 year integral cycle.

From the UVS perspective, the convective plasma in the inner layer of the photosphere when impelled by a significant planetary barycenter that is racing with the Sun around the BOTSS, could oscillate underneath the photosphere with a cycle that alternates in its prograde and retrograde motions.

Hypothetically, when switching to the prograde angular motion of the inner layer photosphere after one solar minimum and maximum cycle, its cyclonic dynamo effect could be reversed to flip the magnetic pole of the Sun. And then when it switches to the retrograde angular motion after another solar minimum and maximum cycle, its reversed dynamo effect would then flip the reversed magnetic pole back to normal, and thus alternates the pole switching in one integral magnetic cycle of two solar cycles.

This hypothetical four-stage oscillating dynamo effect of the photosphere and an inner nested layer of the Sun, could render the 22-year integral cycle that is largely modulated by the integral barycenter motion of Jupiter and Saturn with the occasional negations by the other two gas giants.

See the UVS subtopic on "The retrograde cloud band of Jupiter" that elaborates on how the nested polar vortex pair of Jupiter in its differential motion could manifest its retorgrade jet streams.

From the UVS perspective, while the shorter periods solar activities are largely modulated by the barycentric resonance of Jupiter and Saturn with perturbations from the other two gas giants, the longer periods solar activities as discovered with the Hallstatt cycle and its quasi cycles, are largely modulated by the barycentric orbital resonance manifested by the gas giants in groups that haphazardly align with the Sun and the BOTSS.

See a UVS subtopic on "Cometary outburst" for some illustrations of empirically observed Lagrangian points that were manifested in the Solar System, and its case studies of "A series of empirically observed Comet 29P outbursts from January 2008 to April 2010" in twelve cometary outburst events that illustrate Lagrangian points in a groundbreaking discovery, which has had thus contributed to its revolutionary discoveries in the microcosms of subatomic and elementary structures with its comparative analysis.



The Hallstatt cycle and its quasi cycles

From the UVS perspective, the hypothesized Hallstatt cycle and its quasi cycles with periods between ~2,100 years to ~2,500 years when looking at grand solar minima and maxima over the Holocene epoch, are largely rendered by the planetary cycles of the four gas giants.

The ~172 year sidereal cycle of Uranus and Neptune, is phase-shifted by ~25.7 degree in the invariable plane, it thus takes ~14 sidereal cycles (360 / 25.7) of Uranus and Neptune to complete a 360 degree turn in the invariable plane, which thus renders a ~2,408 year synodic cycle. This largely renders one of the discovered quasi Hallstatt cycle; this is the barycentric orbital resonance of Uranus and Neptune.

The ~178 year synodic cycle of in 14 synodic cycles of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, render a ~2,492 year synodic cycle. This synodic orbital resonance apparently is the causality of the upper limit of the discovered Hallstatt cycle and its quasi cycles that oscillate between ~2,100 years to ~2,500; this is the barycentric orbital resonance of the four gas giants.

In the14 synodic cycles of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune of ~178 year period, 14 orbital cycles of Neptune with an orbital period of 164.8 year would render a ~2,307 year cycle (14 x 164.8). This largely renders the other discovered quasi Hallstatt cycle. This is the orbital resonance of Neptune.

The lower limit 2,100 year quasi cycle of the Hallstatt cycle, is apparently rendered by the synodic cycles of Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus; the ~60 year synodic cycle of Jupiter and Saturn in ~35 cycles (60 x 35 = 2,100), synchronizes with ~25 orbital cycles of Uranus with an orbital period of ~84 years (25 x 84 = 2,100). This is the orbital resonance of Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus that synchronizes with the orbital resonance of Uranus.

Over the Holocene epoch when looking at grand solar minima and maximum, the various synodic orbital resonance with different combinations of the four gas giants orbital cycles, have the synodic cycles of ~2,100 year, ~2,307 year, ~2,408 year, and ~2,492 year.

These various synodic resonance cycles of the four gas giants, rendered the Hallstatt cycle and its quasi cycles.

Nonetheless, it is the most significant barycenter of the gas giants when aligned with the Sun and the barycenter of the Solar System, is the factor that periodically drives the peaks and troughs of the solar activities in the haphazard manner.

See the paper on "On the astronomical origin of the Hallstatt oscillation found in radiocarbon and climate records throughout the Holocene", an external link on "The ~ 2400-yr Bray cycle" that elaborates on the impact of the ~ 2400 yr solar cycle on climate and human societies, and "Form and Phyllotaxis" that illustrates the intriguing planetary sidereal and synodic periods.

Note: The discoveries of the Hallstatt cycle and its quasi cycles are based primarily upon evidence of Holocene global glacier advances and retreats.

Remarks: This UVS subtopic on "The Hallstatt cycle and its quasi cycles", was induced with the discussions on planetary cycles with Dr. Rosa Hilda Compaqnucci.

 

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The ~59.3 year synodic cycle of Jupiter and Saturn

"Active region 9393 as seen by the MDI instrument on NASA’s Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) satellite featured the largest sunspot group observed so far during the current solar cycle. On 30 March 2001, the sunspot area within the group spanned an area more than 13 times the entire surface of the Earth." - Excerpt from Wikipedia.
The Solar System objects arrangement for this event was almost aligned Sun-Jupiter-Saturn in its inferior conjunction, and this solar event had occurred near its solar maximum in 2001 Nov of solar cycle 23.

The two types of conjunctions for Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn, are illustrated on right.

Note: These illustrations with the Solar System objects in the heliocentric coordinate system, are not to scale on size and distance.

In the reference frame of a heliocentric Sun, the barycenter (+) of Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn makes one oscillating revolution moving around the Sun in ~19.8 years. The inferior conjunction for Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn, are aligned in the order of Sun-Jupiter-Saturn in every ~19.8 year approximately.

It takes ~10 years for switching from the inferior conjunction to the superior conjunction while the barycenter moves toward the Sun, and it takes another ~10 years for switching from the superior conjunction to the inferior conjunction while the barycenter moves away from the Sun in this frame of reference.

See UVS topics on "The interactions of the hyperspherical pushed-in gravity in superior and inferior conjunction" that elaborates on how the Sun is being pushed in and out of the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn, and "The Great White Spot on Saturn" that elaborates on a 28.5 year precession cycle of Saturn.

Superior conjunction of the aligned Jupiter-Sun-Saturn with the barycenter (+) of Solar System inside the Sun. 

Inferior conjunction of the aligned Sun-Jupiter-Saturn with the barycenter (+) of Solar System outside the Sun.

See externally linked topics on "Superior and inferior conjunction" for its elaboration, and "Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe" for a proposed mathematical model on revolving celestial objects around barycenters.

From the UVS perspective, a significant precession cycle that significantly affects the barycenter motion of the Solar System is apparently caused by the near ratio orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn. And it takes around 59.3 years for these two gas giant planets and the Sun to approximately complete one synodic cycle.

In the orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn with a 5:2 near ratio, for every five revolving cycles of Jupiter having completed around the Sun in a period of approximately 59.3 years (11.86 yr x5), Saturn will complete a little bit more than two revolving cycles (29.4571 yr x 2 cycles = ~58.9 yrs) around the Sun with a slight angular phase shift.

Heuristically, assuming Sun revolves around the Galactic Center at a constant velocity, in the 59.3 years orbital resonance cycle, when Sun, Jupiter and Saturn formed their superior conjunction with Jupiter moved nearest to its perihelion, with their barycenter positioned at the nearest point from the mass center of the Sun, it would render their minimum precession effect as a significant factor for decreasing solar activities.

And when Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn formed their inferior conjunction with Jupiter moved nearest to its aphelion, with their barycenter positioned at a farthermost point from the mass center of the Sun, it would render their maximum precession effect as a significant factor for increasing solar activities.


The orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn takes ~59.3 years to complete one full cycle.


There is a synodic cycle of 59.3 year rendered by the almost alignment of the barycenter of the Solar System, the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn, and the Galactic center of the Milky Way galaxy. This peculiar barycentric alignment happens when Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn are almost in their inferior conjunction.

The planetary chart as shown, illustrates a recent 59.3 year synodic cycle of the barycentric alignment had occurred around 22nd December 2019. And more recently the Earth had made the alignment with it again on around 21st June 2020.

And when the Earth is also almost aligned with this barycentric alignment during the June December solstices, its torque-induced precession acting on the Earth would be at a maximum.

In the past, when the Earth was also aligned with this synodic cycle of barycentric alignment, much severe geology events had also occurred globally.

See an external link on "Sexagenary cycle" that elaborates on the sixty Chinese calendar year cycle of the ancient Chinese astrology that recurs in 59.3 year.


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Grand solar minima and maxima

From the UVS perspective, a grand solar minimum could be caused by an extreme arrangement of Solar System objects with aligned Jupiter-Sun-Saturn that was overall synchronized and balanced with all other planets in a longer period precession cycle; this arrangement pushes the Sun to a location nearest to the BOTSS.

The arrangement of Solar System objects on the 21st of June 1811 during the Dalton minimum, there was a superior conjunction with almost aligned Jupiter-Sun-BSUN (The barycenter of Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune). Jupiter was at the other side of the Sun from the other three gas giants.

The arrangement of Solar System objects on the 1st of Feb 2031 would be a superior conjunction of almost aligned Jupiter-Sun-BSU (The barycenter of Saturn and Uranus), and Jupiter would also be at the other side of the Sun from the other three gas giants. This arrangement could manifest a Dalton minimum scale grand solar minimum.

Center of a star revolving at a lower velocity when it is nearer to a barycenter (+) with a small revolving planet.

The low pressure systems of the extremely intensified nested polar vortex, could be the catalyst for manifesting a period of lowest solar activities for rendering a grand solar minimum period, and its synchronized Little Ice Age that manifests on Earth.

The UVS research predicates the grand solar minima are caused by the Jupiter-Sun-Saturn superior conjunction with all other planets to pushed-in the Sun nearest to the BOTSS.

See an externally linked paper on "Dynamical characterization of the last prolonged solar minima" that elaborates on the barycenter of Solar System had cyclically moved nearest to the mass center of the Sun during the past grand solar minima.

In the UVS worldview that perceives gravity is a spheroidal pushed-in effect, an aligned Jupiter-Sun-Saturn superior conjunction with center of the Sun being pushed-in nearest to the barycenter of the Solar System (BOTSS), would reduce the intensity for the planetary precession effects of a rotating Sun when it wobbles very near to the BOTSS at a lowest revolving speed with its least angular momentum, hence minimizing the intensity of the sunspot activity in all sorts of Solar System objects arrangement with the BOTSS during the solar minima.

From the UVS perspective, a grand solar maximum could be caused by an extreme arrangement of Solar System objects with aligned Sun-Jupiter-Saturn that was also aligned with most of the planets at the same side; this arrangement pushes the Sun to a location farthermost from the BOTSS.

A grand solar maximum occurred in June 1126 during the Medieval Warm Period, there was an inferior conjunction with almost aligned Sun-Jupiter-Saturn-BUN (Barycenter of Uranus and Neptune). Another grand solar maximum occurred in June 1941 during the Modern Maximum, there was an inferior conjunction with aligned Sun-Barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn-Uranus.

If an arrangement of Sun-Earth-Jupiter-Saturn-Uranus-Neptune occurs in summer, higher intensity sunspot activities could be expected.

Center of a star revolving at a higher velocity when it is farther from a barycenter (+) with a larger revolving planet.

The high pressure system of the extremely intensified nested polar vortex, could be the catalyst for manifesting a period of intensified solar activities for rendering a grand solar maximum period, and its synchronized global warming period of Earth.

The UVS research predicates the grand solar maxima are caused by the Sun-Jupiter-Saturn inferior conjunction with all other planets to push-out the Sun farthermost from the BOTSS.

In the UVS worldview that perceives gravity is a spheroidal pushed-in effect, an aligned BOTSS-Jupiter-Saturn inferior conjunction with the center of the Sun being pushed-out farthest away from the BOTSS, it would intensify the solar inertia motion of a rotating Sun when it wobbles farther away from the BOTSS at a highest revolving speed with its strongest angular momentum, hence maximizing the intensity of sunspot activity in all sorts of Solar System objects arrangement with the BOTSS during the solar maxima.

And atmospheric climate change on Earth as a result of its precession effect with widened polar vortex pair caused by the orbital forcing of the Solar System objects, could manifest discernable warm climate in the high pressure system of one hemisphere during its summer, and simultaneously manifest discernable cold climate in the lower pressure system of the other hemisphere during its antipodal winter.

Disclaimer: E&OE.


.
Little Ice Age

In the UVS worldview, the Little Ice Age events where there were climate minima on Earth during some of the grand solar minima, were caused by a long cycle precession effect with the orbital forcing of the Solar System.

The BOTSS with the alignment of the major Solar System objects, would be inside the Sun and was at the nearest point from the mass center of the Sun. The Sun at the nearest point from the BOTSS was therefore spiraling at its lowest speeds through space with lower angular momentum. Hence, with the factor of reduced total solar irradiance, and the occasional alignment of Solar System objects that extremely intensifies a nested polar vortex on Earth during winter in its axial tilt and orbital forcing, it therefore could render the Little Ice Age phenomenon on Earth that synchronized with a grand solar minimum.

From the UVS perspective, the criteria for the Little Ice Age manifestations, could be rendered by the lowered planetary angular momentum in grand solar minima with the superior conjunction of the of major Solar System barycenters are aligned with the Earth and Moon during the winters.

See the UVS topic on "The atmospheric effects of polar vortex" that elaborates on how polar climate could be vortically extended toward the equator with the alignment of Solar System objects in the winters on Earth.

The UVS research predicates the Little Ice Age events are as a result of the superior conjunctions of major Solar System barycenters with Earth and Moon also aligned during the winters.

Watch a documentary film on "Little Ice Age, Big Chill." that elaborates on a period of cooling that occurred after the Medieval Warm Period.

See external links on "U.S. Midwest, Northeast hit by bitter cold temperatures" that reported on how a widened polar vortex of North Pole was causing cold climate further South, "Evidence for Planetary Forcing of the Cosmic Ray Intensity and Solar Activity Throughout the Past 9400 Years" that elaborates on an empirically observed orbital cycle of Uranus and Neptune, "Solar inertia motion" that illustrates the trefoil-like trajectory of Sun governed by the four gas giants with a ~178.7 year cycle, and "Piers Corbyn: Long Range Weather Forecast" that illustrates on a 220 year cycle matching climate pattern of the past that could be used for long range climate forecasting of the Earth (Inserted in May 2014).

Dr. Ivanka Charvátová illustrated a ~179 year solar inertial motion cycle, which also suggests Sun is now entering another period of low solar activities like it did in the past four grand solar minima, but stated that the physical mechanism is not yet known.

See a webpage on "Beyond Landscheidt" that illustrates grand solar minima are modulated by a specific arrangement of the four gas giants to render the Angular Momentum Perturbations in a Sun-SSB angular momentum cycle, which recurs every 178.8 year.

Three cycles of the ~59.3 year synodic cycles of Jupiter and Saturn would render the solar inertial motion of a synodic cycle of ~179 years as proposed by Dr. Ivanka Charvátová.


Dr. Timo Niroma discovered a long-range solar cycle, which suggests the next grand solar minima would be in 2031, and thus the coldest moment of an anticipated Little Ice Age can be expected at then.

From the UVS perspective, for the past ~400 year observations in every eleven ~9.9-year cycles with the superior or inferior conjunctions of Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn, it was observed that on average one the ~9.9-year cycles was negated for manifesting a solar minimum with its prolonged trough.

Evidently, this negating effect has had thus extended the ~9.9 year barycentric driver of the solar cycle, which is largely modulated by the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn to ~11 year (264 year / 24 solar cycles) averaged over 24 solar cycles of 264 years from 1755 to 2019.

Heuristically, the ~19.8 year integral cycle of Sun, Jupiter, and Saturn, interacting with the ~11 year solar cycle with the alignment the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn, Sun and BOTSS, would generate a ~217.8 year (19.8x11) prominent precession cycle.

The orbital inclination of the Earth's orbit has a ~100,000 year cycle relative to the invariable plane, the axial precession of Earth has a cycle of ~25,800 year, the axial tilt of Earth that causes seasons on Earth has a cycle of ~1 year, the approximate orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn has an approximate synodic cycle of ~59.3 year, the orbital resonance of Uranus and Neptune has a sidereal cycle of ~172 year, the orbital resonance of the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn and the barycenter of Uranus and Neptune has a near synodic cycle of ~178 year, the Sun has a full solar cycle of ~22 year, the orbital resonance of Jupiter and Saturn has a sidereal cycle of ~19.8 year, and et al.

Heuristically, climate variations on Earth are primarily governed by the mechanism that renders the compositions of long and short precession cycles in the Solar System.

Download this simulated SSB centric planetarium video from the year 1610 to 1720 to observe the solar inertia motion of the Sun at the year 1632 on how its subsumed mass center swings to turn before the SSB instead of revolving around it. And notice during the Maunder Minimum epoch, the barycenter of Uranus and Neptune (not indicated) was mostly revolving further outside of the Uranus orbital during the epoch, which was intrinsically interacting with the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn to primarily affect the solar inertia motion.

Download this simulated SSB centric planetarium video from the year 1770 to 1850 to observe the solar inertia motion of the Sun at the year 1811 on how its subsumed mass center swings to turn before the SSB instead of revolving around it. And notice during the Dalton minimum epoch, the barycenter of Uranus and Neptune (not indicated) was mostly revolving further outside of the Uranus orbital during the epoch, which was intrinsically interacting with the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn to primarily affect the solar inertia motion.

See the UVS topics on "Ice age" that elaborates on how the freezing up of the Earth could be caused by a vortical mechanism of its planetary cycle, "The axial precession of the Earth" that elaborates on an orbital forcing of the Earth, and an externally linked topic on "Orbital forcing" that elaborates on the effect on the climate of slow changes in the tilt of the Earth's axis and shape of the orbit.

Local physical laws are determined by the large-scale structure of the universe. - Mach's principle

 

G
An imminent Grand Solar Minimum
(Inserted on 10th September 2020)

See a paper on "Dynamical characterization of the last prolonged solar minima" that elaborates with quantitative analysis on an imminent Grand Minimum.

The solar cycle 24 was announced by NOAA to have had come to an end in December 2019. This barycentric arrangement of the major Solar System objects on 20th December 2019 was quite similar to 20th December 1801 on the arrangement of the major Solar System objects, which had occurred around 218 years ago with the barycentric comparative analysis of the ~217.8 long-range solar cycle.

When Jupiter passes Saturn on December 21, 2020, they will be very close, only 0.1° apart. This is the closest conjunction since the Great Conjunction of July 16, 1623. Nonetheless, the barycentric comparative analysis with the ~217.8 long-range solar cycle suggests this would not be causing a prolonged trough of the solar minimum of solar cycle 24.

See an external link on "The Great Conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn" that elaborates on this Great Conjunction.

The torque-induced precession on Earth from this galactic alignment with the planetary barycenters had supposedly caused much turmoil on Earth with its much intensified vortical effects as were recently observed.

The commencing of the solar cycle 25 would result in sunspot number to rise in the coming years until it reaches the solar maximum in around 2025. Nonetheless, the peak of this solar cycle 25 is expected to be of a low sunspot count. It could be expected to be as low as the solar maximum of the solar cycle 05, which happened in around 1806 at 219 years ago. And towards the end of the solar cycle 25, it could herald a Grand Solar minimum of the Dalton minimum magnitude with the prolonged period of its solar cycle trough in 2031.

This solar minimum anticipated to happen around 2030 with the superior conjunction of Saturn-Sun-Jupiter, could be anticipated to be prolonged at around the trough at the end of the solar cycle 25. And this prolonged trough of the solar minimum would be similar to the solar minimum of the solar cycle 05 that had begun around 1810 with the phasing in of the superior conjunction of Saturn-Sun-Jupiter in 1812.

The year 1812 was beginning of the coldest years that last until 1818 during the Dalton minimum (roughly between 1790 and 1830). Despite 1816 was remembered as the year without summer, but that year was not the coldest year between 1812 and 1818.

The deepest solar minimum of the Grand Solar Minimum anticipated to occur in early 2031, is the recurrence of a 217.8-year solar cycle as a result of a long period barycentric alignment of the four gas giants with the mass center of the Sun and the barycenter of the Solar System. As a result of the peculiar superior conjunction of Saturn-Sun-Jupiter during the anticipated solar minimum, the mass center of the Sun would be cyclically positioned at the closest point to the barycenter of the Solar System in this long period solar cycle in 2030.

Take note of the prolonged phase in the solar cycle 04 for its solar maximum transition to the next solar minimum of the solar cycle 05, which had preluded the Dalton minimum era in around 1810 at the solar minimum of the solar cycle 06. And there was also a similar prolonged phase in the solar cycle 23 for its solar maximum transition to the next solar minimum of the solar cycle 24. From the UVS perspective, these prolonged solar minima were as a result of those barycentric alignments for the barycenter of Jupiter and Saturn were negated (indicated with the yellow arrows in the SIDC charts illustrated below) by the barycenter of the other two gas giants.

The full-blown effects of the 217.8-year solar cycle occurring to Earth anticipated to happen after the solar maximum in around 2025, could be expected to begin thereafter till it reaches its deepest trough of the anticipated Grand Solar Minimum in around 2031, and its effects would then oscillate to wean off thereon.

A Grand Solar Minimum is imminent.

GThe monthly mean sunspot number from SIDC for solar cycle 1 to 24. (Link)


Remarks: This section on "An imminent Grand Solar Minimum" is dedicated with special thanks to Dr. Rosa Hilda Compagnucci.

 

.
Solar wind

Based on the UVS model, Sun is impelled by its toroidal vortex to precess in its two-axis spin. Its consolidating vortical motion on the Sun will cause the Sun to almost isotropically radiate charged particles by the reactive centrifugal forces of its manifested vortrices on photosphere.

See the UVS topic on "Dust devil" that elaborates on how its vortrex mechanism vortically spin out charged particles with its manifested reactive centrifugal force.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the reactive centrifugal force from vortical motion of photosphere as a result of precession effects could vortically spin and charge solar particles. And with push angular momentum, the charged particles of proton and electron are ejected with reactive centrifugal force as solar wind; this renders the solar wind phenomenon.

The UVS research predicates the solar winds with charged particles of protons and electrons are vortically spun out from the photosphere with reactive centrifugal force.

From the UVS perspective, the photosphere of the Sun undergoes a resonated vortical process that splits the hydrogen atoms as charged particles of electrons and protons, and then spew out the charged particles as solar wind. This particle radiation process is caused by the manifested vortical motion of torque-free precession in the photosphere for the charged particles that have overcome the Sun's escape velocity.

See an externally linked topic on "Observations of Alfvén Vortices in the fast solar wind" that elaborates on the magnetic vortices in solar wind.

The empirically observed vortices in solar wind with charged particles of proton and electron, is strong evidence for subatomic particles are vortically radiated as solar wind.



Other vortical phenomena of the Sun

In the UVS worldview, the eco-systems on Earth are extended far out into the Solar System are significantly influenced by the precession effects of the BOTSS.

The UVS research predicates the eco-systems on Earth are extended far out into the Solar System are significantly influenced by the oscillating BOTSS.

See an externally linked topic on "Solar to river flow and lake level correlations" that illustrates sunspots has dominating effects on the ecosystems on Earth.

From the UVS perspective, vortex activities on the Earth would also be peaked when it is also aligned with Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and the BOTSS in all sort of planetary aligned arrangements. This is the causality for the occasional synchronized peaks for sunspot activities on Sun with vortex activities on Earth, such as the events of the aurora, storm, and cyclone.

This is how the eco-systems on Earth are vortically extended far out into the Solar System, and they are dominantly ruled by the BOTSS.

Vortical motion could explain the anomaly on how a stream of intensified charged particles after attaining escape velocity by the culmination of vortical momentum, could eject out from the sunspot.

It is a paradox for thermodynamics of the universe that in the absence of extra heat source, that sunspot could eject ionized gas stronger than the surrounding hotter region of photosphere; this is inexplicable with the thermodynamics concept that posits heat as the first principle for the motion of matter in the observable universe.

From the UVS perspective, kinetic energy in the torque-free precession of the photosphere is converted to thermal energy in the vortical process for its plasma glow and radiation.

Vortical motion is the first principle for the mechanism of the Solar System, and heat is merely its effect.


Vortical motion of aether is the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe.
- UVS inspired -


.
Other vortical structures of the Sun

From the UVS perspective, the sunspot's penumbra is a manifested chain of magnetic satellite vortices manifested in a ring torus structure, and it forms around the vortically manifested sunspot.

Based on the UVS model, the dominant dual-core vortex that manifests and impels a sunspot, vortically coalesces charged particles into plasma jets in closed streamlines as the satellite vortices that had formed around its intrinsically spinning dual-core vortex column.

The UVS research predicates the penumbra of a sunspot is a chain of satellite vortices manifested in a ring torus structure and it forms around the vortically manifested sunspot.


The sunspot's penumbra.


A ring torus structure.

Schematic of a dominant unisonal vortex in a progressive vortical paradigm arrangement.

The high speed spin of plasma jet streams in vortical motion within the corona, could explain the corona is much hotter than the surface of the Sun with tightly packed photosphere that has much limited degree of freedom for motion; the kinetic energy of plasma jet streams with vortical motion in high speed spin within the corona are converted to excessive heat.


From the UVS perspective, a dual-core unisonal vortex with its dual-core separated on the surface of photosphere renders the sunspot pair phenomenon.

A dual-core unisonal vortex of the photosphere is caused by an oscillating Sun with its manifested torque-free precession.

The oscillating Sun with regressing viscous matter generates its main center of equilibrium and a secondary center of equilibrium that can be separated on the surface of the photosphere, and the manifested ring torus structure could dynamically merge as a dual-core.

Simple illustrations for a sunspot pair and some sunspot pairs.

A center of equilibrium is where the vortex column would resonate in its torque-free precession to open up by displacement of photosphere with its reactive centrifugal force to vortically form a sunspot.

The UVS research predicates a sunspot pair is a dual-core unisonal vortex of the Sun's photosphere and its dual-core is separated on its surface.

From the UVS perspective, the observed dynamo effect of a sunspot is caused by a spinning photosphere vortex that generates huge electrical currents and strong magnetic storm around the sunspot, and the magnetohydrodynamics on photosphere beams magnetic field outward into space; magnetic fields around the sunspot and corona loops are caused by the dynamo effect of vortex activities.

Based on unisonal vortex mechanism, the breaking at vortex column of a colossal loop of solar prominence would cause what was observed as the corona mass ejection phenomenon.

The angular momentum from the spinning force of the broken vortex column, would blast charged particles with the reactive centrifugal force that have overcome the escape velocity of the Sun (617.7km/s), thus propagates the ejecta into space.

When instability occurs, such as by the built-up of excessive vortical energy, a dissipating vortex, or the sudden drops in vortex intensity when the Sun is perturbed, the solar prominence could break most easily at the mid-section of the vortex column. This is apparently the most vulnerable section with the smallest diameter vortex column that spins at the highest speed in its vortical culmination.

The UVS research predicates a corona mass ejection is caused by the conserved angular momentum in the vortex column of a ruptured solar prominence.


Corona loops of a sunspot.


A ruptured solar prominence.

Watch video clips on "Massive Solar Storms" and "SOHO NASA Solar Flare", see also an externally linked topic on "Coronal mass ejection".

See the UVS subtopic on "A comparative analysis of the Solar System with the UVS atomic model" that elaborates on a comparative analysis for the structure of the Solar System perceived with the UVS atomic model.


The structure of the observable universe is a nested vortical hypersphere, which is
being formed in the vortical transformations of a nested torus paradigm.
- UVS inspired -

 

 

 

Glossary:
empirical
-
Derived from or guided by experience or experiment; provable or verifiable by experience or experiment.
epistemic
-
The conditions for acquiring knowledge. 
first principle
-
The first basis from which a thing is known.
vortical hypersphere
-
A hypersphere formed with intrinsic vortical motion.
hypothesis 
-
A proposition, or set of propositions, set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena, either asserted merely as a provisional conjecture to guide investigation (working hypothesis) or accepted as highly probable in the light of established facts. 
natural phenomenon
-
A natural phenomenon is a non-artificial event in the physical sense, and therefore not produced by humans, although it may affect humans.
paradigm
-
A set of forms all of which contain a particular element, esp. the set of all inflected forms based on a single stem or theme.
paradox
-
Any thing, or situation exhibiting an apparently contradictory nature with false proposition.
singularity
-
A peculiarity, a unique quality, a state of being singular. Note: The term singularity here does not refer to mathematical singularity nor the gravitational singularity.  It has very general reference to a class of existence with a similarity.
solar unisonal vortex
-
A unisonal vortex formed in the photosphere of the Sun.
unison 
-
A process in which all elements behave in the same way at the same time; simultaneous or synchronous parallel action. 
universe
-
The totality of known or supposed objects and phenomena throughout space; the cosmos; macrocosm. It is beyond the defined observable universe.
viscous
-
Having the property of viscosity; sticky.
vortical singularity
-
A four-dimensional spheroidal culmination of aether with vortical motion that unisonally spawns its resonated and nested satellite vortical fractals in its vortical paradigm. 

 

 

 

 

Some resonated remarks for this UVS research on sunspot:

“I know eventually, many will come to see and appreciate, the value of your work. (16th Aug 2020)
- Gordon Rutherford, Facebook author of "Extending Milankovitch Earthquakes and Eruptions" and does research in a series of extending Milankovitch cycles studies, whom had developed a software magnetometer analytical tool composed of some 11 to 14 million formulas to analyse and predict geology events on Earth in the field of astro-seismology.

Although his (UVS) model is lacking quantitative method, yet he is able to predict solar cycle fluctuations. (17th Feb 2020)
- Dr. Victor Christianto1 & Dr. Florentin Smarandache, this was a comment on the UVS case study on the barycenter drivers of the solar cycle, mentioned in their paper "On the Possibility of Binary Companion of the Sun".

“Your work is really amazing.” (18th Dec 2017)
- Dr. Rosa Hilda Compagnucci, a climatologist accredited to the Nobel Peace Prize bestowed on the IPCC in 2007, PhD degree in Meteorological Sciences, University of Buenos Aires; UBA · Department of Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences. Co-authored paper on "Dynamical characterization of the last prolonged solar minima", which elaborates with quantitative analysis on an imminent Grand Minimum.

We consider your site and your new theory to be original and exciting..... We love your site! (14th Dec 2009) / '... a brilliant treatise that credibly extends modern human scientific knowledge and awareness of "How The Universe And Everything In It Truly Works".' (Feb 2014)
- Dr. Wayne Nowland,
physicist, researcher, philosopher and author, planned and launched Australia's first AUSSAT communications satellite system.

 

 

Note: The mechanism for cyclical arrangements with precession effects in the Solar System were independently perceived with the UVS model, and these were conceived without any prior reference; the articles for the sixty-year sexaganary cycle, the ~179 year prominent solar cycle discovered by Dr. Ivanka Charvatova, and the ~220 year longer period prominent solar cycle discovered by Dr. Timo Niroma, were later found to be available on the Internet.

~ With credit to Wilf James for highlighting that the anomaly of intensified ionized particle ejection that corresponds with solar cycle of sunspot is inexplicable with heat as the first principle for thermodynamics of the universe.

~ With thanks to oldbrew from TALLBLOKE'S TALKSHOP for his post that provided the link to "Interview: Is climate change caused by solar inertial motion?" that illustrates the trefoil-like trajectory of Sun governed by the Jupiter-Saturn with a 10 year sunspot cycle.

~ With thanks to Roger Tallbloke from TALLBLOKE'S TALKSHOP for his post that provided the link to "Evidence for Planetary Forcing of the Cosmic Ray Intensity and Solar Activity Throughout the Past 9400 Years".

~ With special thanks to Dr. Rosa Compagnucci (PhD degree in Meteorological Sciences) for the contribution to the UVS treatise with her co-authored paper on "Dynamical characterization of the last prolonged solar minima", which predicts an imminent Grand Minimum with quantitative analysis.

~ With special thanks to GW of SkyMarvels for his email with the link to the "Celestia" 3D interactive planetarium program.

~ With thanks to Kevin of Thunderbolt for his post that provided the link to "Form and Phyllotaxis" that illustrates the planetary sidereal and synodic periods.

 

 

 

 


June 6th 2007, revamped in Feb 2018.

References and links:
Sunspot - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sun - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar System - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Paradigm shift - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Nebular hypothesis - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vertex - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Galactic Center - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
AB Aurigae - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Protoplanetary disk - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mystery of the Missing Sunspots, Solved? - From NASA Science; Science news
Apsidal precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Barycenter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Angular momentum - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Torsion - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Galactic Center - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Star system
- From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pressure gradient - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Superposition principle - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Precession of the ecliptic - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jupiter - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Saturn - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Invariable plane - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Axial tilt - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orbital eccentricity - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Foundational crisis - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Conjunction - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Superior and inferior conjunction - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Motions of Observable Structures Ruled by Hierarchical Two-body Gravitation in the Universe - By Dr Yongfeng Yang of Bureau of Water Resources of Shandong Province.
Solar inertia motion - Ivanka Charvátová and Pavel Hejda
Interview: Is climate change caused by solar inertial motion - KLIMASKEPTIK.CZ
Invariable plane - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orbital inclination - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Axial precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Axial tilt - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Orbital forcing - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heart (symbol) - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Möbius strip - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heuristic - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Planet Finder - By Dr. Benjamin Crowell, author of Light and Matter
Orbital resonance - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hallstatt cycle - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Holocene - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Perihelion - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar cycle - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Coronal hole - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Milky Way - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Inclinations - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Periapsides - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Lunisolar precession - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ice age - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar irradiance - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Evidence for Planetary Forcing of the Cosmic Ray Intensity and Solar Activity Throughout the Past 9400 Years - By Ken McCracken, Jurg Beer and Friedhelm Steinhilber
Sexagenary cycle - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mass center - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dalton minimum - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Little Ice Age - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Medieval Warm Period - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Modern Maximum - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Corona Mass Ejection - University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
Corona loop - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar prominence - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Reactive centrifugal force - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Escape velocity of the Sun - From Yahoo! Anssers
Coronal mass ejection - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar flares - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Corona - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar wind - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Observations of Alfvén Vortices in the fast solar wind - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Particle radiation - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heliosphere - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Solar to river flow and lake level correlations - Posted by Anthony Watts
Eco-systems - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Magnetohydrodynamics - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of AB Aurigae star - By ESO's Very Large Telescope
Image of sunspot and charts - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Image of sunspots - Swedish Institute for Solar Physics,
ISP, Göran Scharmer and Mats Löfdahl
Imag of a sunspot - Spaceweatherlive.com
Sunspot clusters by ESA - ESA website
Image of a two-axis spheroid - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Images for coronal magnetic field lines - From the Physics Department of Imperial College
Image of X-ray polar sunspot - Nasa; + plus Magazine
Image of corona loops - The Encyclopedia of Astrobiology, Astronomy, and Spaceflight
Image of a ring torus structure - LucasVB; public domain
Image of Sunspot pair -
From Chaisson & McMillan, Astronomy Today
Image of corona mass ejection - Space Environment Center, NOAA
Video on "SkyMarvels™ SOLAR SYSTEM BARYCENTER" - By celestia4allCreator
Video on an experiment of acoustic sound waves - etherpimp, YouTube
Video on non-Newtonian Fluid on a Speaker Cone - bendhoward, Youtube
Video clip on "Massive Solar Storms" - NationalGeographic
Video clip on solar wind - Sun Montage - SOHO NASA Solar Flare - PHJ
Animation for types of tides - Keith's Moon Page on The Moon & Tides
Animation for center of mass - From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Animation for full intergal cycle - By Vincent Wee Foo
Animation for barycenter of a conjunction - By Vincent Wee Foo

 

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Disclaimers: The treatise of Universal Vortical Singularity (UVS) in its epistemological paradigm shift, is fundamentally unconventional. Its hypotheses grounded on a generally unheard-of UVS model, bound to have shortcomings, such as loose ends, errors, and omissions errors. Many details and assumptions in its propositions have yet to be further researched, probed, evaluated, validated, or verified. Its implicit explanations are for casual understanding of the UVS topics presented in the UVS worldview, so if any term or statement is offensive in any manner from whatsoever perspectives, is most regretted. Links to other sites do not imply endorsement of their contents; apply appropriate discretion whenever necessary. Also, the content of the UVS topics, from time to time could be arbitrarily modified without any notice.

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